The Daily Telegraph (Sydney) - - News -

Hawk­ing’s most ground­break­ing work re­garded black holes: the stel­lar abysses formed by col­lapsed stars and which were pre­vi­ously be­lieved to have such an im­mense grav­i­ta­tional pull that even light could not es­cape them.

How­ever, Hawk­ing worked to take the dis­parate realms of quan­tum the­ory — the seem­ingly con­tra­dic­tory rules re­gard­ing sub­atomic re­al­ity — and grav­ity to black holes. In do­ing so, he found that, con­trary to ac­cepted the­o­ries, black holes leaked ra­di­a­tion and par­ti­cles and were even ca­pa­ble of ex­plod­ing and dis­ap­pear­ing.

His 1974 pa­per Black Hole Ex­plo­sions re­ceived wide­spread praise for mar­ry­ing the two pre­vi­ously con­trary fields of thought — New­ton’s tra­di­tional laws of grav­ity and Max Planck’s loose rules on quan­tum me­chan­ics — to pro­duce a work­ing model of be­hav­iour for the universe. The the­ory on the leak­age of ra­di­a­tion from black holes was re­named Hawk­ing Ra­di­a­tion as a re­sult.

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