HAWKING’S HOLEY GRAIL OF SCIENCE
Hawking’s most groundbreaking work regarded black holes: the stellar abysses formed by collapsed stars and which were previously believed to have such an immense gravitational pull that even light could not escape them.
However, Hawking worked to take the disparate realms of quantum theory — the seemingly contradictory rules regarding subatomic reality — and gravity to black holes. In doing so, he found that, contrary to accepted theories, black holes leaked radiation and particles and were even capable of exploding and disappearing.
His 1974 paper Black Hole Explosions received widespread praise for marrying the two previously contrary fields of thought — Newton’s traditional laws of gravity and Max Planck’s loose rules on quantum mechanics — to produce a working model of behaviour for the universe. The theory on the leakage of radiation from black holes was renamed Hawking Radiation as a result.