The Daily Telegraph (Sydney) - - History -

1521 Spa­niard Her­nando (or Her­nan) Cortez (or Cortes) takes Tenochti­t­lan (now Mex­ico City) from the Aztecs, clear­ing the way for 300 years of Span­ish dom­i­na­tion.

1704 French and Bavar­ian forces are routed by a com­bined Bri­tish, Ger­man and Dutch army at Blen­heim, Ger­many, with the vic­tors los­ing 6000 sol­diers and the van­quished 21,000.

1806 Cap­tain Wil­liam Bligh be­comes gov­er­nor of NSW, re­plac­ing Philip Gi­d­ley King.

1844 Lud­wig Le­ich­hardt, 30, and party leave Syd­ney in the Sov­er­eign for More­ton Bay to be­gin an over­land expedition to the far north. They re­turn to Syd­ney in March 1846.

1885 Const 1/C Wil­liam Hird is struck dead with an axe at Can­ter­bury while go­ing to a dis­tur­bance by drunks; Filia Birch and Joseph Thomp­son ar­rested.

1914 The Aus­tralian Red Cross forms at a meet­ing in Mel­bourne to raise funds for sup­plies for ser­vice personnel over­seas.

1923 Turkey’s par­lia­ment elects na­tion­al­ist leader Mustafa Ke­mal, later known as Ataturk (Fa­ther Turk), the first pres­i­dent of Turkey.

1934 Satir­i­cal comic strip Li’l Ab­ner, cre­ated by Al Capp, makes its de­but.

1937 Ja­panese forces at­tack Chi­nese city Shang­hai, start­ing three months of fu­ri­ous fight­ing.

1989 A hot-air bal­loon on an aerial sa­fari near Alice Springs col­lides with an­other bal­loon, rips open and plunges to the ground, killing 13 peo­ple.

2008 US swim­mer Michael Phelps, 23, (above) sets the record for most gold medals won in Olympic his­tory, claim­ing his 11th.

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