ON THIS DAY
1521 Spaniard Hernando (or Hernan) Cortez (or Cortes) takes Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City) from the Aztecs, clearing the way for 300 years of Spanish domination.
1704 French and Bavarian forces are routed by a combined British, German and Dutch army at Blenheim, Germany, with the victors losing 6000 soldiers and the vanquished 21,000.
1806 Captain William Bligh becomes governor of NSW, replacing Philip Gidley King.
1844 Ludwig Leichhardt, 30, and party leave Sydney in the Sovereign for Moreton Bay to begin an overland expedition to the far north. They return to Sydney in March 1846.
1885 Const 1/C William Hird is struck dead with an axe at Canterbury while going to a disturbance by drunks; Filia Birch and Joseph Thompson arrested.
1914 The Australian Red Cross forms at a meeting in Melbourne to raise funds for supplies for service personnel overseas.
1923 Turkey’s parliament elects nationalist leader Mustafa Kemal, later known as Ataturk (Father Turk), the first president of Turkey.
1934 Satirical comic strip Li’l Abner, created by Al Capp, makes its debut.
1937 Japanese forces attack Chinese city Shanghai, starting three months of furious fighting.
1989 A hot-air balloon on an aerial safari near Alice Springs collides with another balloon, rips open and plunges to the ground, killing 13 people.
2008 US swimmer Michael Phelps, 23, (above) sets the record for most gold medals won in Olympic history, claiming his 11th.