911 Conrad I is elected German king at Forschheim, after the death of Louis the Child, the last of the East Frankish Carolingians. 1444 Turkish forces defeat the Hungarians and Poles in the Battle of Varna, securing Turkey’s control over Constantinople (Istanbul) and assuring the Ottoman conquest in the Balkans. 1791 Captain Thomas Melvill on his ship Britannia returns to Sydney with news that nearby waters are rich in whales. 1828 Governor’s secretary Charles Sturt leaves Sydney to trace the course of the Macquarie River with Hamilton Hume, who joins the expedition at Bathurst. 1871 According to his journal, Henry Stanley greets Dr David Livingstone, the fellow explorer in search of the source of the Nile River with: “Dr Livingstone, I presume?” 1885 Paul Daimler, son of the German engineer Gottlieb, becomes the world’s first motorcyclist when he rides his father’s invention. 1969 The children’s educational program Sesame Street makes its debut on public broadcasting television stations in the US. 1975 On the eve of the Dismissal, treasurer Bill Hayden receives a telex from the managing director of the Commercial Banking Co of Sydney that private banks could not lend the government money until the budget Bills are passed. 1975 Chief justice Garfield Barwick advises governor-general John Kerr that he has the power to sack Gough Whitlam’s federal Labor government. 1989 Gaby Kennard, 45, arrives back at Bankstown Airport, becoming the first Australian woman to fly solo around the world in a single-engined plane. 1998 Four batsmen score centuries for the first time in a one-day international cricket match as Australia defeat Pakistan in Lahore: Ijaz Ahmed (111), Mohammad Yousef (100) and Adam Gilchrist (103) and Ricky Ponting (124 not out).