Gorby’s outdated vision
economic consequences of shock therapy, the decline in democracy and the rise of the oligarchs.
The second asks: whither Russia? The answer proffered is that Russia must have another perestroika, a root-and-branch transformation of the system.
In the past few years Gorbachev has repeatedly called for free and fair elections as the mechanism to instigate change. Yet, as he does concede, such democratic reform is the last thing the present elite would initiate: ‘‘in Russia today the executive branch lords it over society, beholden to no one”.
The third part of the book is called Today’s Uneasy World. It launches into a promotion of New Thinking: ‘‘the ideas and principles that I and my colleagues had offered the world in the latter half of the 1980s … it was New Thinking that made possible putting an end to the Cold War. I believe the world still very much needs it today.’’ New Thinking is basically ‘‘modern humanism, its purpose to move us toward a more stable, safe, more just and human society’’.