Recipients of the NHMRC Australia Fellowships: Professor Doug Hilton, the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research Researching the molecules that regulate blood-cell production to develop therapies for platelet disorders, blood-based cancers such as leukaemia, and inflammatory disorders and auto-immune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis. Professor Andreas Strasser, the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research. Researching which parts of cells’ selfdestruct machinery need to be activated to kill tumours efficiently; this could be applied to improve cancer treatments. Professor James C Paton, the University of Adelaide
‘‘ Researching new generation vaccines and therapeutic approaches for bacterial infections such as pneumococcal, Streptococcuspneumoniae and E.coli . Professor Alan Cowman, the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research Researching new treatments and vaccines for malaria. Professor Sam Berkovic, the University of Melbourne Researching causes and treatments of epilepsy using clinical medicine, molecular genetics and neuro-imaging. Professor Ian Hickie, the University of Sydney Researching how environmental factors such as infection, inflammation and alcohol and substance abuse impact on the risk of developing non-psychotic mental disorders. Professor David Vaux, La Trobe University Researching cell death and its application to new cancer therapies. Professor John Hopper, the University of Melbourne Researching links between genes and the environment and breast cancer, colorectal cancer and prostate cancer. Professor Tony McMichael, the Australian National University Researching the health risks of global climate change and environmental influences on infectious and parasitic diseases and auto-immune disease.