The Weekend Australian - Travel - - Health -

Bipo­lar dis­or­der is the name used to de­scribe a set of ‘‘ mood swing’’ con­di­tions, the most se­vere form of which used to be called ‘‘ manic de­pres­sion’’.

Bipo­lar dis­or­der I is the more se­vere dis­or­der — with in­di­vid­u­als be­ing more likely to ex­pe­ri­ence ma­nia, have longer ‘‘ highs’’, be more likely to have psy­chotic ex­pe­ri­ences and be more likely to be hos­pi­talised.

Bipo­lar dis­or­der II is less se­vere, with no psy­chotic ex­pe­ri­ences and with episodes tend­ing to last from hours to a few days.

The high moods are called ma­nia or hy­po­ma­nia, and the low mood is called de­pres­sion.

It is im­por­tant to note that ev­ery­one has mood swings from time to time. It is only when th­ese moods be­come ex­treme and in­ter­fere with per­sonal and pro­fes­sional life that bipo­lar dis­or­der may be present, and med­i­cal as­sess­ment may be war­ranted.

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