The Weekend Post - - Views -

1531: King Henry VIII is recog­nised as Supreme Head of the Church in Eng­land.

1573: Fran­cis Drake be­comes the first English­man to see the Pa­cific Ocean af­ter plun­der­ing the Isth­mus of Panama with two small ships.

1812: Mas­sachusetts Gov­er­nor El­bridge Gerry signs a redis­trict­ing law that favours his party — giv­ing rise to the term “ger­ry­man­der­ing”.

1858: Four­teen-year-old Marie-Bernarde Soubirous (later St Ber­nadette of Lour­des) has her first vi­sion of the Vir­gin Mary at Lour­des, France.

1929: Lat­eran Treaty es­tab­lishes an in­de­pen­dent Vat­i­can City.

1967: Mil­i­tary rule is im­posed in Bei­jing dur­ing civil strife in China.

1975: Mar­garet Thatcher (above) be­comes the first woman to head a Bri­tish po­lit­i­cal party when she is elected leader of the Con­ser­va­tives.

1990: African Na­tional Congress leader Nel­son Man­dela is re­leased af­ter 27 years in South African pris­ons.

1994: A NATO-en­forced cease­fire takes hold in Sara­jevo.

2012: US pop singer Whit­ney Hous­ton is found dead in her Los An­ge­les ho­tel room aged 48.

2013: Pope Bene­dict XVI an­nounces his res­ig­na­tion, the first by a pon­tiff in more than half a mil­len­nium.

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