The Weekend Post - - Views -

1768: Cap­tain James Cook and his ship, the Endeavour, sail from Eng­land’s Plymouth Har­bour, ordered to ob­serve the tran­sit of Venus and ex­plore the South­ern Ocean for “Terra Aus­tralia incog­nita”.

1847: Liberia is pro­claimed an in­de­pen­dent repub­lic.

1883: The vol­cano Kraka­toa erupts on the is­land Krakatau, near In­done­sia, creat­ing tsunami waves that kill more than 36,000 peo­ple.

1920: The 19th Amend­ment to the US Con­sti­tu­tion, guar­an­tee­ing Amer­i­can women the right to vote, is de­clared in ef­fect.

1942: The Ger­man army reaches Stal­in­grad in Soviet Union dur­ing World War II.

1945: Ja­panese en­voys board US bat­tle­ship Mis­souri to re­ceive sur­ren­der in­struc­tions at the end of World War II.

1957: The Soviet Union an­nounces it has suc­cess­fully tested an in­ter­con­ti­nen­tal bal­lis­tic mis­sile.

2003: Rwan­dan Pres­i­dent Paul Kagame (above) is the over­whelm­ing win­ner of pres­i­den­tial elec­tions. The elec­tion was the first since the 1994 geno­cide.

2008: Rus­sia recog­nises the in­de­pen­dence claims of two Ge­or­gian break­away re­gions, Abk­hazia and South Os­se­tia.

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