1945: Japan surrenders Hong Kong at the end of World War II.
1955: Argentine President Juan Peron, ousted by military coup during second term in office, begins 18-year exile.
1956: Australian television launches, with Bruce Gyngell (above) announcing on TCN9 Sydney: “Good evening, and welcome to television.”
1963: Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore form Federation of Malaysia.
1975: Papua New Guinea gains full independence from Australia.
2000: The opening ceremony of the Sydney Olympics is confirmed as Australian TV’s most-watched event, with 10.5 million viewers.
2008: Brendan Nelson loses the leadership of Australia’s federal opposition to Malcolm Turnbull in a spill.
2015: A massive 8.3-magnitude earthquake hits Chile.