Signs of ADHD in young kids

Townsville Bulletin - - About a Baby -

it pos­si­ble to as­cer­tain if a three-yearold has ADHD or is sim­ply an ac­tive tod­dler? I’m con­cerned that my son is on high speed all day. NB

is a con­di­tion char­ac­terised by ex­ces­sively inat­ten­tive, hy­per­ac­tive ( un­usu­ally ac­tive or over-ac­tive) and im­pul­sive be­hav­iour in some chil­dren. This be­hav­iour is gen­er­ally more fre­quent and in­tense than in other chil­dren the same age. Re­cent re­search has shown that, in chil­dren with ADHD, dif­fer­ent parts of the brain don’t com­mu­ni­cate with each other in a typ­i­cal way. There are three types of ADHD: Inat­ten­tion only: chil­dren with this type tend to have dif­fi­culty con­cen­trat­ing, re­mem­ber­ing in­struc­tions, pay­ing at­ten­tion and fin­ish­ing tasks.

Hy­per­ac­tiv­ity and im­pul­siv­ity: chil­dren with this type tend to be fid­gety and al­ways on the go.

Com­bined type: chil­dren with this type show signs of inat­ten­tion, hy­per­ac­tiv­ity and im­pul­siv­ity. Causes of ADHD In­creas­ingly, ge­net­ics is be­ing recog­nised as at least a par­tial cause of ADHD.

Cer­tain en­vi­ron­men­tal fac­tors are also linked to ADHD di­ag­noses. They in­clude ex­po­sure to lead, al­co­hol, cig­a­rette smoke or drugs dur­ing preg­nancy and ex­po­sure to fam­ily vi­o­lence. ADHD in­di­ca­tors Most young chil­dren are oc­ca­sion­ally inat­ten­tive, hy­per­ac­tive or im­pul­sive. This can make it dif­fi­cult to di­ag­nose ADHD in chil­dren younger than five.

If you are con­cerned about your child’s be­hav­iour, though, it’s al­ways a good idea to seek some pro­fes­sional ad­vice. In par­tic­u­lar, con­sider see­ing a health pro­fes­sional if your child fre­quently does sev­eral of the fol­low­ing: acts be­fore think­ing and doesn’t con­sider the con­se­quences; makes care­less mis­takes in home­work; jumps from one ac­tiv­ity to an­other; isn’t able to get or­gan­ised; is for­get­ful; in­ter­rupts con­ver­sa­tions; acts rest­lessly; can’t stay fo­cused; day-dreams; doesn’t fin­ish home­work or chores around the house; has trou­ble lis­ten­ing.

ADHD in­di­ca­tors can be sim­i­lar to those of autism spec­trum dis­or­der. If you are wor­ried about your child’s be­hav­iour, ask your health care provider. Email your ques­tions to aboutababy@ townsville­bul­letin. com. au. Donna Gan­dini is a gen­eral and neona­tal pae­di­a­tri­cian and breast-feed­ing ad­viser. Con­tact her at 4778 4581, at Health and Well­be­ing North Ward or at the Fair­field Waters Med­i­cal Cen­tre.

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