Signs of ADHD in young kids
it possible to ascertain if a three-yearold has ADHD or is simply an active toddler? I’m concerned that my son is on high speed all day. NB
is a condition characterised by excessively inattentive, hyperactive ( unusually active or over-active) and impulsive behaviour in some children. This behaviour is generally more frequent and intense than in other children the same age. Recent research has shown that, in children with ADHD, different parts of the brain don’t communicate with each other in a typical way. There are three types of ADHD: Inattention only: children with this type tend to have difficulty concentrating, remembering instructions, paying attention and finishing tasks.
Hyperactivity and impulsivity: children with this type tend to be fidgety and always on the go.
Combined type: children with this type show signs of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Causes of ADHD Increasingly, genetics is being recognised as at least a partial cause of ADHD.
Certain environmental factors are also linked to ADHD diagnoses. They include exposure to lead, alcohol, cigarette smoke or drugs during pregnancy and exposure to family violence. ADHD indicators Most young children are occasionally inattentive, hyperactive or impulsive. This can make it difficult to diagnose ADHD in children younger than five.
If you are concerned about your child’s behaviour, though, it’s always a good idea to seek some professional advice. In particular, consider seeing a health professional if your child frequently does several of the following: acts before thinking and doesn’t consider the consequences; makes careless mistakes in homework; jumps from one activity to another; isn’t able to get organised; is forgetful; interrupts conversations; acts restlessly; can’t stay focused; day-dreams; doesn’t finish homework or chores around the house; has trouble listening.
ADHD indicators can be similar to those of autism spectrum disorder. If you are worried about your child’s behaviour, ask your health care provider. Email your questions to aboutababy@ townsvillebulletin. com. au. Donna Gandini is a general and neonatal paediatrician and breast-feeding adviser. Contact her at 4778 4581, at Health and Wellbeing North Ward or at the Fairfield Waters Medical Centre.