Sov­er­eign Hil­l篳路藍縷,以啟山林

A Gold elds Town­ship and Out­door Mu­seum

Vision Magazine - - Contents - ENGLISH TEXT BY LUCY WU & JOSEPHINE POMPA CHI­NESE TEXT BY金翼PHOTO CREDIT: TOURISM AUS­TRALIA

Sov­er­eign Hill is an iconic na­tional sym­bol of Aus­tralia's Gold Rush and is sit­u­ated in the his­toric city of Bal­larat, ap­prox­i­mately 100 kilo­me­tres from Melbourne. Sov­er­eign Hill is an Out­door Mu­seum, a recre­ated gold elds town­ship set over 25 hectares and recog­nised as the rich­est al­lu­vial gold elds in the world. The mu­seum aims to ac­tively pre­serve Aus­tralia’s rich gold­min­ing legacy by pro­vid­ing vis­i­tors with a di­rect ex­pe­ri­ence of the gold rush and the day to day work­ing lives of min­ers on the gold elds.

疏芬山金礦位於維州最大的內陸城市巴拉瑞特,距離墨爾本大約有100多公里。十九世紀中葉,在這裡發現了黃金,於是成為全世界的焦點。如今它完整地保留了從1851年至1861年之間最初十年的淘金歷史遺蹟,作為標誌性的旅遊勝地,每年吸引著近百萬遊客,其中百分之六十的海外遊客來自中國。

Tourist Hotspot

Sov­er­eign Hill is a much ac­claimed tourist des­ti­na­tion at­tract­ing 500,000 vis­i­tors an­nu­ally and con­tribut­ing an es­ti­mated $35mil­lion to the Bal­larat econ­omy each year. It was in­ducted into the Vic­to­rian Tourism Hall of Fame hav­ing won the state award for Ma­jor Tourist At­trac­tion in 2003, 2004 and 2005 con­sec­u­tively. It was also nom­i­nated “Aus­tralia’s Best His­toric and Cul­tural Ex­pe­ri­ence 2009” by Trav­el­ling in Aus­tralia Mag­a­zine.

Her­itage

Be­tween 1851 and 1861 hordes of im­mi­grants from Europe and China flooded into Vic­to­ria spurred by the fre­netic ex­cite­ment of strik­ing it rich af­ter the world’s rich­est al­lu­vial gold de­posits were dis­cov­ered in Bal­larat in 1851. Overnight the Vic­to­rian gold­fields be­came a cos­mopoli­tan hub of ex-con­victs, Pol­ish sol­diers, Dutch sailors, English doc­tors, and Chi­nese labour­ers “new chums” in pur­suit of the gold min­ing lottery.

Life Not Easy for the Chi­nese on the Gold­fields

Sig­nif­i­cant to Bal­larat’s Gold Rush legacy were the Chi­nese im­mi­grants. In 1858, 40,000 Chi­nese out of a to­tal pop­u­la­tion of 150,000 had set­tled in the Bal­larat gold­fields. Many as­pired to re­turn home quickly to their fam­i­lies laden with riches ex­tracted from the “New Gold Moun­tain”. Re­gret­tably, they were the tar­get of prej­u­diced at­ti­tudes by both Euro­pean gold min­ers and the Aus­tralian Gov­ern­ment of the time. To force them off the gold­fields, Chi­nese min­ers were hit with harsh gov­ern­ment taxes and min­ing li­cences and made to live in seg­re­gated Chi­nese camps.

When al­lu­vial gold de­posits be­gan to run out many Chi­nese min­ers re­turned to China, or mar­ried Euro­pean women and be­came west­ern­ised, oth­ers re­signed them­selves to liv­ing on the fringes of the Bal­larat com­mu­nity as mar­ket­gar­den­ers, green-gro­cers and herbal­ists.

Bal­larat’s golden days ended in 1918 when the last gold­mine at Black Hill closed as min­ing had be­come un­prof­itable due to the high cost of pump­ing ground­wa­ter from deep mines and due to labour short­ages caused by World War 1.

Im­mer­sion in a Liv­ing Out­door Mu­seum

Vis­i­tors to Sov­er­eign Hill’s Out­door Mu­seum can re-live the ex­hil­a­ra­tion of the Gold Rush by im­mers­ing them­selves in the var­i­ous ac­tiv­i­ties avail­able such as: Shop­ping 1850s-style in the iconic Main Street. Be­ing pho­tographed with cos­tumed char­ac­ters. Pan­ning for gold in the dig­gings creek - a find­ers keep­ers pol­icy ap­plies! Tak­ing an un­der­ground tour of the Red Hill Mine, where the sec­ond largest gold nugget of 69kg was dis­cov­ered. View­ing demon­stra­tions on 19th cen­tury trades and crafts such as wheel-wright­ing, black­smithing, and can­dle mak­ing.

The Gold Mu­seum

Di­rectly op­po­site the Out­door Mu­seum, stands the strik­ing glass­fronted Gold Mu­seum, Bal­larat’s Re­gional So­cial His­tory Mu­seum ex­hibit­ing 150,000 items from min­ing and mil­i­tary his­tory through to cos­tume and pho­tog­ra­phy. It show­cases the col­lec­tions of the 1850’s gold rush in­clud­ing gold nuggets, al­lu­vial de­posits, price­less gold arte­facts and gold coins. Its stun­ning ex­hi­bi­tions dis­play the golden his­tory & her­itage of Bal­larat and lend sup­port to the liv­ing gold rush ex­pe­ri­ence pre­sented in Sov­er­eign Hill's out­door mu­seum.

活的歷史博物館

當年第一批淘金者來到的時候,河溪裡可以找到許多金子,只用簡單的平底盆和篩子就可分離出金子,那是最早期的採礦形式。由於來自世界各地的淘金者越來越多,這種黃金很快就被淘光,淘金者們開始挖地,從而找到了地下金礦。

如今,淘金熱早已成為歷史,但當年的金礦卻被完整地下來,成了當初淘金者篳路藍縷,以啟山林的見證。

初入礦區,街頭上隨處可見身著十九世紀服裝的人們,他們在來自各國的觀光客之間穿梭往來。把人們時空穿梭般的帶回到了一個半世紀前那個黃金夢的拓荒歲月。

鎮上陳列著當年各種類型的建築:郵局,銀行,麵包房等,而每個建築裡都有「當年」的職員或店員為來賓服務。疏芬山同時還保留了各式各樣的工廠和工藝作坊。工人們向遊客展示了當初的操作方式。

尋找當年的華裔前輩

十九世紀巴拉瑞特發現金礦時,正值清朝末年,大量華人紛紛遠渡重洋來到這裡尋夢。同時,也把中華文化傳播到了澳洲。1857年 ,當局在此建立了中國營區。

在依然保留著的當年中國營區裡,可以看到錯落有緻的中國帳篷,內有中式家具和日用品。還有中國廟宇,草藥棚等中國店舖。

嬉戲在河溪邊,用篩子尋找金子,已成為深受旅遊者熱愛的一大旅遊項目。每天,都會有很多遊客在溪邊賣力的篩著,希望能得到幸運女神的光顧。

每天來自四方的觀光客親臨疏芬山金礦,除了了解一下開拓與艱辛相交織的淘金歷程。更是踏著先人所留下的創業蹤跡,尋找早期移民的生活情感。

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Australia

© PressReader. All rights reserved.