Things that st­ing

Wangaratta Chronicle - North East Regional Extra - - News -

THE flow­ers are bloom­ing and the weather is get­ting warm (soon... hope­fully) and bring­ing around lots of bees, mos­qui­toes and other sting­ing in­sects.

Many com­mon gar­den in­sects (bees, ants, wasps) can cause al­ler­gic or ana­phy­lac­tic re­ac­tions in dogs and cats.

The clin­i­cal signs of the re­ac­tion will usu­ally be seen within 30 min­utes with an al­ler­gic re­ac­tion pre­sent­ing as swelling of a lo­calised area, com­monly the head, in­tense ir­ri­ta­tion or wheels (raised lumps) over the body.

The more se­vere ana­phy­lac­tic re­ac­tion can present with vom­it­ing, di­ar­rhoea, res­pi­ra­tory dis­tress and even loss of con­scious­ness and death.

An­ti­his­tamine and cor­ti­sone can be given in the case of an al­ler­gic re­ac­tion.

The po­ten­tially life threat­en­ing ana­phy­lac­tic re­ac­tions may re­quire fur­ther treat­ment and sta­b­lisi­a­tion.

As with hu­mans, many pets find mos­qui­toes highly ir­ri­tat­ing and they may cause itchy le­sions.

Be­sides the lo­cal, non-life threat­en­ing ir­ri­ta­tion, mos­qui­toes can spread dis­ease to our pets.

Rab­bits can be in­fected with the fa­tal myx­o­mato­sis virus lead­ing to swollen ears, eyes, white oc­u­lar and nasal dis­charge and swollen gen­i­talia.

Heart­worm in dogs and cats is also spread by spe­cific mos­qui­toes caus­ing po­ten­tially fa­tal dis­ease of the heart and as­so­ci­ated ar­ter­ies.

Heart­worm pre­ven­ta­tives are avail­able, how­ever there is no vac­cine or prod­uct avail­able to pre­vent against myx­o­mato­sis in­fec­tion in rab­bits.

The use of “pet safe” mos­quito re­pel­lents and mos­quito proof net­ting may re­duce the risk of in­fec­tion.

Flies are yet an­other an­noy­ing sum­mer in­sect.

Flies are, on the whole, min­i­mally harm­ful to com­pan­ion an­i­mals.

Some dogs may get scabs along their ears and nose which are gen­er­ally due to fly bites, or other bit­ing in­sects.

In some cases th­ese bites can be quite se­vere and fail to heal with the an­i­mals con­tin­u­ally ir­ri­tated by the in­sects.

There are creams avail­able to treat the bites and a num­ber of re­pel­lent prod­ucts in the form of monthly spot ons or daily sprays.

For more in­for­ma­tion on prod­ucts avail­able pop into your lo­cal vet­eri­nary clinic.

Felic­ity Miller BVSc, Wan­garatta Vet­eri­nary Clinic

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