Blood anal­y­sis

Wangaratta Chronicle - North East Regional Extra - - NEWS - with Mea­gan Lee, VET­ERI­NAR­IAN

BLOOD anal­y­sis is an ex­cel­lent tool avail­able to vet­eri­nar­i­ans. A com­plete blood pro­file pro­vides vi­tal in­for­ma­tion con­cern­ing your pet’s or­gans. Even in the ab­sence of symp­toms, some pets may be ex­pe­ri­enc­ing changes in their body’s func­tion that are not yet se­vere enough to present ob­serv­able symp­toms. Blood anal­y­sis al­lows vets to ac­cess such things as your pet’s liver and kid­ney func­tion, pan­creas, in­testi­nal tract, thy­roid, and parathy­roid. Ad­di­tion­ally it al­lows vets to eval­u­ate the dif­fer­ent types of blood cells, which are es­sen­tial to the health of your pet.

What do the dif­fer­ent tests tell us? Com­plete blood count

This test lets us as­sess the white blood cells (im­por­tant in im­mu­nity, in­fec­tions etc), red blood cells (oxy­gen car­ry­ing ca­pac­ity) and platelets (blood clot­ting cells) and can be im­por­tant in iden­ti­fy­ing bone mar­row dis­ease.

Liver tests

The liver en­zymes ALT and ALP as well as the to­tal biliru­bin level in the blood can be im­por­tant in­di­ca­tors of liver dis­ease, gall blad­der dis­ease as well as adrenal dis­ease and even red blood cell prob­lems.

Kid­ney tests

Here we look at the lev­els of Blood Urea Ni­tro­gen (BUN) and cre­a­ti­nine, both of which are nor­mal by-prod­ucts of me­tab­o­lism that are cleared by the kid­neys. El­e­va­tions in these in­di­cate com­pro­mised kid­ney fil­tra­tion, which can have sev­eral causes.

Blood Pro­teins

The val­ues of the main blood pro­tein, al­bu­min as well as the to­tal pro­tein lev­els in the blood are use­ful in in­di­cat­ing de­hy­dra­tion, blood loss, liver dis­ease and kid­ney dis­ease as well as other con­di­tions.

Glu­cose

Blood sugar lev­els are key in di­ag­nos­ing di­a­betes, as well as as­sess­ing en­ergy lev­els in de­bil­i­tated or sick an­i­mals. Both in­creases and de­creases in blood sugar can be very dan­ger­ous to an­i­mals.

Elec­trolytes

The elec­trolytes sodium, potas­sium and chlo­ride are es­sen­tial in main­tain­ing proper fluid bal­ance. They are es­pe­cially use­ful in in­ves­ti­gat­ing pa­tients with heart dis­ease, di­ar­rhea, vom­it­ing and meta­bolic dis­eases and can have im­por­tant im­pli­ca­tions on treat­ment op­tions.

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