The city was named after Queen Adelaide, wife of the British King William IV, and is the only Australian capital to be named after a woman.
Adelaide has been nicknamed the City of Churches – the Holy Trinity Anglican Church is the oldest, built in 1838.
The first municipal/local government in Australia was established in 1840 in Adelaide.
The geographic land area of Adelaide is 3,257.7sq km. Adelaide’s population density ranks second in Australia, just after Melbourne, with 404.205 people per square kilometre.
Australia is divided into three time zones. Adelaide comes under Australian Central Standard Time (ACST).
The famous Adelaide Oval hosted its first cricket match in 1873. The University of Adelaide became the first in Australia to open its doors to women in 1880.
In 1929, the city began operating electric trams to Glenelg Beach. The tram line is still in operation.
The Adelaide Fringe Festival is the largest arts festival in the southern hemisphere and second largest worldwide.