Western Suburbs Weekly - - Western Opinion -

His firm, Hope and Klem, be­lieved strongly, along with the town clerk Wil­liam Bold, in the gar­den sub­urbs move­ment in which there was no gridiron pat­tern to streets, a pro­mo­tion of open space and curvi­lin­ear streets that fol­lowed the con­tours of the land and pre­served the lo­cal in­dige­nous flora.

This was in large con­trast to the un­co­or­di­nated sprawl that hap­pened in Perth where de­vel­oper re­quire­ments meant ev­ery inch of land was at­tempted to be made saleable. In the 1920s, sub­di­vi­sion was gen­er­ally un­reg­u­lated and piece­meal with lit­tle proper at­ten­tion to town plan­ning prin­ci­ples.

Hope and Klem’s de­sign was unique at its time, with very dif­fer­ent struc­ture and form to other sub­di­vi­sions. Klem stated: “I found it nec­es­sary to de­sign more than a skele­ton plan in or­der to pro­tect those ideals so dear to the hearts of town plan­ners, and vi­tally nec­es­sary when it is con­sid­ered that the em­bod­i­ment of th­ese ideals will in­flu­ence in a very large mea­sure the so­cial, moral and phys­i­cal wel­fare of fu­ture gen­er­a­tions”.

Klem was very spe­cific in re­gards to min­i­mum lot sizes, set­backs and en­sur­ing there was a ban on ter­raced hous­ing. He con­sid­ered this in­te­gral to up­hold­ing the “gar­den sub­urbs” de­sign. He also spec­i­fied that “no two build­ings of sim­i­lar or near de­sign be ap­proved if ad­join­ing on ei­ther side”.

Zon­ing reg­u­la­tions were strict in this way and in other places in Australia where th­ese reg­u­la­tions have been al­tered it has been noted that the gar­den sub­urb de­sign’s in­tegrity and in­ten­tions are in large part lost.

The way in which con­tours of the land de­ter­mine the lay­out was unique at the time and Hope and Klem had a last­ing in­flu­ence on how town plan­ning pro­gressed from this point on.

Klem's town plan­ning prin­ci­ples were specif­i­cally to en­sure a strong lo­cal com­mu­nity could pros­per. Ex­ces­sive cars on curved roads will in­ter­rupt the many chil­dren who meet on the street to play to­gether, one of many of the things that make th­ese sub­urbs “some­thing spe­cial”.

The street pat­tern does not lend it­self to car street park­ing, which would in­evitably oc­cur if there were four or six res­i­dences where pre­vi­ously there was one with limited car bays on those al­tered blocks. There is also no easy def­i­ni­tion

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