PRINCIPLE: BRAIN DEATH
Despite it being a commonly held misconception, dead people cannot actually donate organs. “You can only transplant organs that are living,” explains cardiologist Paolo Bavastro. So that doctors can remove organs from a living corpse without becoming liable, an alternative definition of death came into force in 1968. It is defined as when the brain is no longer functioning and will never recover, even though other parts of the body may still be active or kept alive by life support machines.