Like all bats, fruit bats be­long to the Chi­roptera or­der. Af­ter ro­dents, these are the most di­verse species of mam­mals in ex­is­tence. They can weigh up to one kilo and have a max­i­mum wingspan of 1.7 me­tres. Un­like other types of bats, most fruit bats do no

World of Knowledge (Australia) - - Science -

The African straw-coloured fruit bat shown here has a max­i­mum head-to-toe length of just 20 cen­time­tres (1) and a max­i­mum wingspan of 75 cen­time­tres (2). It has a dog-like head and a good sense of smell with which to sniff out ripe fruits. (3). The bat also feeds on nec­tar, and thus plays an im­por­tant role in the pol­li­na­tion of plants – 40% of trees in the world’s rain­forests would be un­able to pro­duce fruit with­out their help. Its favourite food sources are the Bo­ras­sus and date palm trees. Thanks to the strong, hooked claw on its thumbs (4) the bat is a good climber and can de­fend it­self against at­tack­ers. It can use its feet (5) like hands to open the shells or skins of fruits. The bat bites into hard shells with its sharp ca­nines and mashes the fruit be­tween its teeth, suck­ing out the nec­tar.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Australia

© PressReader. All rights reserved.