World of Knowledge (Australia) - - History -

Eight kilo­me­tres north­west of the Ring of Brodgar is a bay that con­tains the best pre­served set­tle­ment from the Ne­olithic pe­riod. Skara Brae was dis­cov­ered in 1850 af­ter in­tense storms shifted sand dunes that had cov­ered the vil­lage for thou­sands of years. The sand had pre­served eight houses. Skara Brae was in­hab­ited for more than 600 years, be­tween 3180 and 2500 BC, un­til the cli­mate be­came so wet and cold that the res­i­dents moved south. How­ever, there is also ev­i­dence that the peo­ple were forced to flee their homes. Ar­chae­ol­o­gists sus­pect that the sea drew closer and closer to­wards the set­tle­ment, be­fore a storm fi­nally drove the vil­lagers away. They left be­hind any­thing they couldn’t carry. For this rea­son, and be­cause it’s so well pre­served, Skara Brae is nick­named the “Scot­tish Pom­peii”.

Ne­olithic peo­ple lived a lot more com­fort­ably than you’d think. They had solid beds cov­ered with an­i­mal skins and veg­e­ta­tion. This is where the Ne­olithic peo­ple kept their food.


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