Gram­mar

Us­ing the present per­fect for project up­dates

Business Spotlight - - LANGUAGE -

When giv­ing peo­ple up­dates on projects, we of­ten use the present per­fect to talk about what has or hasn’t been done since the last meet­ing or up­date. The present per­fect is formed with “have” + past par­tici­ple. Look at these ex­am­ples from the di­a­logues: ⋅

We’ve al­ready started the main part of stage three. ⋅ ⋅

We’ve en­coun­tered some prob­lems. ⋅ We haven’t been able to com­plete… We haven’t solved this is­sue yet.

The present per­fect is of­ten used to­gether with ad­ver­bials such as “al­ready” (schon), or “not yet” (noch nicht).

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