A COMPLEX EMOTION
Research is zooming in on the many aspects of nostalgia across cultures, as described by participants.
18 CENTRAL FEATURES
Personal meaning Longing/yearning Social relationships Memorabilia/ keepsakes Rose-tinted memory Happiness Childhood/youth Sensory triggers Thinking Reliving/dwelling Missing/loss Wanting to return to past
17 PERIPHERAL FEATURES
Comfort/warmth Wishing/desire Dreams/daydreaming Mixed feelings
Homesickness Prestige/success Aging/old people Loneliness Sadness/depression Negative past Distortion/illusions Solitude