Ali Bey Huseyn­zade’s per­sonal items on dis­play in Baku

Azer News - - Culture & Lifestyle - By La­man Is­may­ilova

Ali bey Huseyn­zade was the great per­son­al­ity of the Tur­kic world, and one of the most in­ter­est­ing and in­flu­en­tial artists of Azer­bai­jan to have lived and worked in ex­ile.

Ali bey Huseyn­zade was promi­nent Azer­bai­jani writer and lit­er­ary fig­ure, philoso­pher and doc­tor, who de­signed the na­tional flag of Azer­bai­jan and played an im­por­tant role in form­ing a na­tional Azer­bai­jani ide­ol­ogy.

His per­sonal be­long­ings and doc­u­ments have re­cently been trans­ferred from Turkey to Azer­bai­jan upon the ini­tia­tive of his daugh­ter Feyzever Alp­sar, who lives in Istanbul.

More than 100 works cre­ated by Ali bey Huseyn­zade and his chil­dren Salim Turan and Feyzever Alp­sar, over fifty per­sonal items, pho­tos, awards and medals, the news­pa­per “Hәyat”, wo­ven on silk are now put on dis­play at the In­de­pen­dence Mu­seum of Azer­bai­jan, Trend Life re­ported.

Cul­ture and Tourism Min­is­ter Abul­faz Garayev, ad­dress­ing the in­au­gu­ra­tion cer­e­mony of the ex­hi­bi­tion, stressed the great sig­nif­i­cance of the event and thanked Turkey for as­sis­tance.

Feyzever Alp­sar couldn’t at­tend the cer­e­mony for health rea­sons, but wel­comed all par­tic­i­pants in a video mes­sage. The daugh­ter of Ali bey Huseyn­zade said that her fa­ther till the end of his days be­lieved in the in­de­pen­dence and pros­per­ity of Azer­bai­jan.

Turk­ish Am­bas­sador to Baku Erkan Ozo­ral, Pres­i­dent of the Tur­kic Cul­ture and Her­itage Foun­da­tion Gu­nay Afandiyeva, Di­rec­tor of the Na­tional Mu­seum of His­tory aca­demi­cian Naila Ve­likhanli and oth­ers high­lighted the role of Ali bey Huseyn­zade in pro­mo­tion of the ideas of in­de­pen­dence and state­hood in the Tur­kic world and unity of the two broth­erly peo­ples of Turkey and Azer­bai­jan.

The speak­ers stressed Huseyn­zade’s ex­clu­sive con­tri­bu­tion to the de­vel­op­ment and for­ma­tion of the Azer­bai­jan na­tional iden­tity. All ex­pressed sin­cere grat­i­tude to Feyzever Alp­sar for such valu­able gifts.

Ali bey Huseyn­zade’s sur­viv­ing works are por­traits and land­scapes. Just three of Ali bey Huseyn­zade’s works have been on dis­play in Azer­bai­jan so far. One is a por­trait of Ali’s grand­fa­ther, Sheikh ul-Is­lam Ahmed Salyani, which is in the Azer­bai­jan Na­tional Mu­seum of Arts, ac­cord­ing to vi­sions.az.

An­other of his paint­ings de­picts the Bibi­hey­bet Mosque in ap­prox­i­mately 1905-07. It’s a valu­able record, as the mosque was blown up in 1936 as part of the com­mu­nist au­thor­i­ties’ anti-re­li­gion drive. The work now hangs in the Na­tional Mu­seum of Art.

The third pic­ture re­main­ing in Azer­bai­jan is a por­trait of an old woman and a young girl. Drawn in pen­cil in Salyan in 1910 just be­fore the artist left Azer­bai­jan for good, the sub­jects of the por­trait are Nisa, the 75 year-old cousin of Ah­mad Salyani’s wife, Hus­niye, and Boyukkhanim, the 11 year-old daugh­ter of Ali bey's brother, Is­mayil bey.

Ali Bey Huseyn­zade was born in 1864 to a family of Mus­lim re­li­gious cleric in Salyan.

Upon grad­u­a­tion in 1889, Huseyn­zade moved to Istanbul, where he en­tered the Med­i­cal fac­ulty of Istanbul Univer­sity (IU). Af­ter grad­u­a­tion, he served as a mil­i­tary doc­tor in the Ot­toman Army, and sub­se­quently as an Assistant Pro­fes­sor at IU.

In 1903, Ali bey re­turned home and spent the next 7 years in Baku. Dur­ing this pe­riod of time, he en­gaged in schol­arly and pub­lish­ing ac­tiv­i­ties, edited the "Heyat" news­pa­per, and served as a chief ed­i­tor of "Kaspiy" news­pa­per.

In 1905, he joined Ali­mar­dan Topchuba­shev, Far­rukh Vezirov, Adil Khan Ziyad­khanov and Ahmed bey Aghayev as a part of Azer­bai­jani del­e­ga­tion to an all-Rus­sian con­ven­tion of Mus­lims, where an agree­ment was reached on es­tab­lish­ing of a sin­gle Mus­lim party in Rus­sian Em­pire. In 1906, Huseyn­zade started pub­lish­ing the "Fiyuzat" mag­a­zine, fi­nanced by fa­mous phi­lan­thropist Haji Zey­nal­ab­din Taghiyev, and harshly crit­i­cized the Tsarist gov­ern­ment in his writ­ings.

In 1910, Huseyn­zade moved to the Ot­toman Em­pire, where he was elected a pre­sid­ing mem­ber of the Com­mit­tee of Union and Progress. In 1918, he re­turned to Azer­bai­jan to par­tic­i­pate in the for­ma­tion of Azer­bai­jan Demo­cratic Repub­lic (ADR).

Af­ter the fall of ADR in April 1920, Huseyn­zade per­ma­nently set­tled in Turkey and be­came a cit­i­zen of this coun­try, re­ceiv­ing the sur­name Turan. Huseyn­zade died in 1940 at the age of 76.

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