A Le­gal The­ory Be­gins to Take Hold

Bloomberg Businessweek (Europe) - - COMPANIES / INDUSTRIES -

1989

Price Water­house Plain­tiff For­mer em­ployee Ann Hop­kins al­leged she was de­nied part­ner­ship in 1983 be­cause she didn’t act fem­i­nine enough.

Re­sult The Supreme Court in 1989 ruled “sex dis­crim­i­na­tion” un­der Ti­tle VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in­cludes dis­crim­i­na­tion based on sex stereo­types.

1998

Sun­downer Off­shore Ser­vices Plain­tiff For­mer em­ployee Joseph On­cale al­leged he was sex­u­ally ha­rassed in 1991 by other male em­ploy­ees.

Re­sult The court unan­i­mously ruled in 1998 that same-sex sex­ual ha­rass­ment is a form of sex dis­crim­i­na­tion un­der Ti­tle VII re­gard­less of whether it’s what Congress had in mind when it passed the law.

2015

Fed­eral Avi­a­tion Ad­min­is­tra­tion Plain­tiff For­mer air traf­fic con­troller David Bald­win al­leged he wasn’t pro­moted be­cause he’s gay.

Re­sult The Equal Em­ploy­ment Op­por­tu­nity Com­mis­sion ruled for Bald­win last year and said it will now treat sex­ual-ori­en­ta­tion dis­crim­i­na­tion claims as sex-dis­crim­i­na­tion claims.

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