New Chal­lenges

Main­tain­ing en­ergy se­cu­rity and boost­ing pro­duc­tion and ex­port of high value-added goods are ma­jor pre­con­di­tions for the coun­try’s sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment

Economy of Belarus - - 2011-2015: FIVE YEARS OF GROWTH - Vladimir SE­MASHKO, First Deputy Prime Min­is­ter of the Repub­lic of Be­larus

En­ergy-based Foun­da­tion

Be­larus does not abound in sig­nif­i­cant en­ergy re­sources. Lo­cal re­sources make up about 20% of the coun­try’s fuel mix. The ma­jor en­ergy re­sources – gas, oil and coal – are im­ported.

The con­sump­tion of fuel and en­ergy re­sources is dom­i­nated by gas which ac­counts for roughly 95% of the do­mes­tic elec­tric power in­dus­try.

Pres­i­den­tial De­cree No. 433 of 17 Septem­ber 2007 adopted the en­ergy se­cu­rity con­cept of the Repub­lic of Be­larus. The con­cept has ar­tic­u­lated the goals and ways to main­tain the en­ergy se­cu­rity of Be­larus. Ac­cord­ing to the doc­u­ment, the ma­jor fac­tors be­hind the coun­try’s en­ergy se­cu­rity are:

- re­duc­ing Be­larus’ re­liance on en­ergy im­ports and in­creas­ing the use of lo­cal en­ergy re­sources;

- rais­ing the ef­fi­ciency of en­ergy pro­duc­tion, trans­for­ma­tion and use;

- en­hanc­ing the re­li­a­bil­ity of the en­ergy sup­ply net­works.

Tak­ing into con­sid­er­a­tion the ma­jor pro­vi­sions of the con­cept, Pres­i­den­tial De­cree No. 575 of 15 Novem­ber 2007 adopted a new state com­plex pro­gram that en­vis­aged the up­grade of the Be­laru­sian en­ergy sec­tor, en­ergy sav­ing and in­crease in the use of Be­larus’ own en­ergy re­sources.

the ma­jor fo­cal is­sues on the gov­ern­ment’s agenda in­clude en­ergy se­cu­rity, pro­duc­tion and ex­port of high value-added prod­ucts, and man­u­fac­ture of im­port-sub­sti­tut­ing prod­ucts. this will de­ter­mine Be­larus’ sus­tained so­cial and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment at the present stage and in the long run.

In line with the pro­gram, 21 projects were im­ple­mented in the Be­laru­sian en­ergy in­dus­try in 2006-2010, in­clud­ing:

- the up­grade of power gen­er­at­ing units at the Lukoml state district power plant and in­creas­ing the plant’s ca­pac­ity by 45MW;

- the in­au­gu­ra­tion of the 230MW com­bined cy­cle power unit at the Minsk CHP plant No. 3;

- the up­grade of a tur­bine at the Grodno CHP plant No. 2 and in­creas­ing its ca­pac­ity by 10MW;

- the in­au­gu­ra­tion of a gas tur­bine unit with the ca­pac­ity of 25MW at the Lida CHP plant;

- the ren­o­va­tion of the CHP plants in Brest and Bara­novichi and in­creas­ing their ca­pac­ity by a to­tal of 12MW;

- the launch of the 26.2MW power gen­er­at­ing in­stal­la­tions at the Zhlobin boiler house.

The new ca­pac­i­ties will help save 240,000 tonnes of fuel equiv­a­lent per year.

The Be­len­ergo com­pany has im­ple­mented seven projects to in­crease the use of lo­cal fu­els (wood chips, peat, lignin). The projects were car­ried out at the Pinsk CHP plant (with a ca­pac­ity of 2.7MW), the Be­laru­sian state district power plant (1.5MW), the co-gen­er­a­tion plant in Osipovichi (1.2MW), the co-gen­er­a­tion plant in Vileika (2.4MW), the co-gen­er­a­tion plant in Pruzhany (3.7MW). The com- pany in­au­gu­rated a boiler us­ing lignin at the Bo­bruisk Chp-plant No. 1, a boiler with a ca­pac­ity of 60 t/h at the Zhodino CHP plant, the Zelva hy­dro­elec­tric power plant (0.2MW) and the Minichi hy­dro­elec­tric power plant (0.11MW), tur­bine ex­panders at the Lukoml state district power plant (2.5MW) and the Gomel CHP plant No. 2 (4MW).

These projects en­abled Be­len­ergo to in­crease the use of lo­cal fu­els by 188,000 tonnes of fuel equiv­a­lent per year.

Over this pe­riod, 14,840km of power grids and 865km of heat sup­ply net­works were com­mis­sioned.

The ex­e­cu­tion of the state pro­gram helped:

- re­duce the en­ergy in­ten­sity of GDP by 25.3% with GDP grow­ing by 41.9% in 2006-2010;

- save 7.768 mil­lion tonnes of fuel equiv­a­lent (the tar­get stood at 7.550 mil­lion tonnes) in 2006-2010;

- in­crease the share of lo­cal fu­els to 20.6% of the fuel mix in 2010 against 17% in 2005 (the tar­get was set at 20.5%).

Over this pe­riod we com­mis­sioned 1,508 boiler ag­gre­gates

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