Maintaining energy security and boosting production and export of high value-added goods are major preconditions for the country’s sustainable development
Belarus does not abound in significant energy resources. Local resources make up about 20% of the country’s fuel mix. The major energy resources – gas, oil and coal – are imported.
The consumption of fuel and energy resources is dominated by gas which accounts for roughly 95% of the domestic electric power industry.
Presidential Decree No. 433 of 17 September 2007 adopted the energy security concept of the Republic of Belarus. The concept has articulated the goals and ways to maintain the energy security of Belarus. According to the document, the major factors behind the country’s energy security are:
- reducing Belarus’ reliance on energy imports and increasing the use of local energy resources;
- raising the efficiency of energy production, transformation and use;
- enhancing the reliability of the energy supply networks.
Taking into consideration the major provisions of the concept, Presidential Decree No. 575 of 15 November 2007 adopted a new state complex program that envisaged the upgrade of the Belarusian energy sector, energy saving and increase in the use of Belarus’ own energy resources.
the major focal issues on the government’s agenda include energy security, production and export of high value-added products, and manufacture of import-substituting products. this will determine Belarus’ sustained social and economic development at the present stage and in the long run.
In line with the program, 21 projects were implemented in the Belarusian energy industry in 2006-2010, including:
- the upgrade of power generating units at the Lukoml state district power plant and increasing the plant’s capacity by 45MW;
- the inauguration of the 230MW combined cycle power unit at the Minsk CHP plant No. 3;
- the upgrade of a turbine at the Grodno CHP plant No. 2 and increasing its capacity by 10MW;
- the inauguration of a gas turbine unit with the capacity of 25MW at the Lida CHP plant;
- the renovation of the CHP plants in Brest and Baranovichi and increasing their capacity by a total of 12MW;
- the launch of the 26.2MW power generating installations at the Zhlobin boiler house.
The new capacities will help save 240,000 tonnes of fuel equivalent per year.
The Belenergo company has implemented seven projects to increase the use of local fuels (wood chips, peat, lignin). The projects were carried out at the Pinsk CHP plant (with a capacity of 2.7MW), the Belarusian state district power plant (1.5MW), the co-generation plant in Osipovichi (1.2MW), the co-generation plant in Vileika (2.4MW), the co-generation plant in Pruzhany (3.7MW). The com- pany inaugurated a boiler using lignin at the Bobruisk Chp-plant No. 1, a boiler with a capacity of 60 t/h at the Zhodino CHP plant, the Zelva hydroelectric power plant (0.2MW) and the Minichi hydroelectric power plant (0.11MW), turbine expanders at the Lukoml state district power plant (2.5MW) and the Gomel CHP plant No. 2 (4MW).
These projects enabled Belenergo to increase the use of local fuels by 188,000 tonnes of fuel equivalent per year.
Over this period, 14,840km of power grids and 865km of heat supply networks were commissioned.
The execution of the state program helped:
- reduce the energy intensity of GDP by 25.3% with GDP growing by 41.9% in 2006-2010;
- save 7.768 million tonnes of fuel equivalent (the target stood at 7.550 million tonnes) in 2006-2010;
- increase the share of local fuels to 20.6% of the fuel mix in 2010 against 17% in 2005 (the target was set at 20.5%).
Over this period we commissioned 1,508 boiler aggregates