BELARUS’ FIRST UAVS
Belarus’ first unmanned aerial vehicles have been produced by the Physical-engineering institute of the national academy of Sciences of Belarus in Minsk.
The first lot of Belarus-made superlight UAVS has already been made. They include the Busel aircraft system. The 6kg system was made using the latest technologies of fine mechanics and other Belarusian innovations. Busel can attain a top speed of 100km/h with the flight duration of about an hour. The complex is equipped with an electric motor and is virtually noiseless. Belarusian scientists believe that the complex can be of great use for the monitoring of the location and individual installations.
Other Belarus’ made UAVS include Strizh, Grach and Mishen which differ in their purpose and capacity. They have multiple uses: from emergency forecast, state border control and monitoring of traffic situation to weather observation, prevention of unauthorized forest cutting and poaching in the national parks and reserved areas.
In particular, in vegetable production we need to ensure the use of biotechnology and genetic engineering to design competitive (in compliance with world standards) plant varieties. The genetically potential yield of grain is projected at the level of 80-85 centners per hectare, that of maize for grain – at 100-120 centners, rape – 40-45, sugar beet – 550-600, potatoes – 600650 centners.
In livestock production we intend to apply the latest methods of selection and breeding to increase the productivity of cows by 2015 to 10,000kg of milk per lactation, while those in a breeding herd up to 15,000 kg. New breeds of pigs are expected to have daily gains of 900 - 1000 grams or more, productivity of poultry will increase to 330- 340 eggs per year.
In addition, we will develop domestic high-performance agricultural machines and equipment for the most important agricultural sectors, which will be not inferior in quality and reliability to the best foreign analogues.
Personnel for the Agriculture Industry
The major prerequisite for achieving high results in agriculture is qualified personnel. Tak- ing into account the needs of the labor market we will ensure:
- training of 34,000 specialists with university and college degree,
- training and retraining of 90,000 workers;
- deepening of integration of the education, science and production sectors with maximum involvement of universities, research centers, the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus and well-performing agricultural organizations.
It should also be noted that the social sector will not be neglected. Its further development will be ensured through a series of measures such as: - increasing employment; - housing construction; - development of social services, education, health, services sector.
*** Thus, by implementing the state rural development program in 2011-2015 we will create conditions to consistently promote economic efficiency and competitiveness of domestic agriculture, increase incomes and enhance prestige of living in rural areas.