Economy of Belarus - - 2011-2015: FIVE YEARS OF GROWTH -

Be­larus’ first un­manned aerial ve­hi­cles have been pro­duced by the Phys­i­cal-en­gi­neer­ing in­sti­tute of the na­tional academy of Sci­ences of Be­larus in Minsk.

The first lot of Be­larus-made su­perlight UAVS has al­ready been made. They in­clude the Busel air­craft sys­tem. The 6kg sys­tem was made us­ing the lat­est tech­nolo­gies of fine me­chan­ics and other Be­laru­sian in­no­va­tions. Busel can at­tain a top speed of 100km/h with the flight du­ra­tion of about an hour. The com­plex is equipped with an elec­tric mo­tor and is vir­tu­ally noise­less. Be­laru­sian sci­en­tists be­lieve that the com­plex can be of great use for the mon­i­tor­ing of the lo­ca­tion and in­di­vid­ual in­stal­la­tions.

Other Be­larus’ made UAVS in­clude Strizh, Grach and Mishen which dif­fer in their pur­pose and ca­pac­ity. They have mul­ti­ple uses: from emer­gency fore­cast, state bor­der con­trol and mon­i­tor­ing of traf­fic sit­u­a­tion to weather ob­ser­va­tion, preven­tion of unau­tho­rized for­est cut­ting and poach­ing in the na­tional parks and re­served ar­eas.

In par­tic­u­lar, in veg­etable pro­duc­tion we need to en­sure the use of biotech­nol­ogy and ge­netic en­gi­neer­ing to de­sign com­pet­i­tive (in com­pli­ance with world stan­dards) plant va­ri­eties. The ge­net­i­cally po­ten­tial yield of grain is pro­jected at the level of 80-85 cent­ners per hectare, that of maize for grain – at 100-120 cent­ners, rape – 40-45, sugar beet – 550-600, pota­toes – 600650 cent­ners.

In live­stock pro­duc­tion we in­tend to ap­ply the lat­est meth­ods of se­lec­tion and breed­ing to in­crease the pro­duc­tiv­ity of cows by 2015 to 10,000kg of milk per lac­ta­tion, while those in a breed­ing herd up to 15,000 kg. New breeds of pigs are ex­pected to have daily gains of 900 - 1000 grams or more, pro­duc­tiv­ity of poul­try will in­crease to 330- 340 eggs per year.

In ad­di­tion, we will de­velop do­mes­tic high-per­for­mance agri­cul­tural ma­chines and equip­ment for the most im­por­tant agri­cul­tural sec­tors, which will be not in­fe­rior in qual­ity and re­li­a­bil­ity to the best for­eign ana­logues.

Per­son­nel for the Agri­cul­ture In­dus­try

The ma­jor pre­req­ui­site for achiev­ing high re­sults in agri­cul­ture is qual­i­fied per­son­nel. Tak- ing into ac­count the needs of the la­bor mar­ket we will en­sure:

- train­ing of 34,000 spe­cial­ists with univer­sity and col­lege de­gree,

- train­ing and re­train­ing of 90,000 work­ers;

- deep­en­ing of in­te­gra­tion of the ed­u­ca­tion, science and pro­duc­tion sec­tors with max­i­mum in­volve­ment of uni­ver­si­ties, re­search cen­ters, the Na­tional Academy of Sci­ences of Be­larus and well-per­form­ing agri­cul­tural or­ga­ni­za­tions.

It should also be noted that the so­cial sec­tor will not be ne­glected. Its fur­ther de­vel­op­ment will be en­sured through a se­ries of mea­sures such as: - in­creas­ing em­ploy­ment; - hous­ing con­struc­tion; - de­vel­op­ment of so­cial ser­vices, ed­u­ca­tion, health, ser­vices sec­tor.

*** Thus, by im­ple­ment­ing the state ru­ral de­vel­op­ment pro­gram in 2011-2015 we will cre­ate con­di­tions to con­sis­tently pro­mote eco­nomic ef­fi­ciency and com­pet­i­tive­ness of do­mes­tic agri­cul­ture, in­crease in­comes and en­hance pres­tige of liv­ing in ru­ral ar­eas.

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