Key Fac­tor Be­hind Sus­tain­able Growth

En­hanc­ing en­ergy ef­fi­ciency and en­ergy con­ser­va­tion re­mains high on Be­larus’ agenda

Economy of Belarus - - ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION - Leonid SHENETS, Deputy Chair­man of the State Com­mit­tee for Stan­dard­iza­tion of the Repub­lic of Be­larus, Di­rec­tor of the En­ergy Ef­fi­ciency Depart­ment

Pri­or­i­ties Un­changed

In the past five-year pe­riod Be­larus im­ple­mented a se­ries of pro­gram doc­u­ments in en­ergy con­ser­va­tion. They in­cluded the na­tional en­ergy sav­ing pro­gram for 20062010, the na­tional pro­gram to turn boiler houses into co­gen­er­a­tion plants in 2007-2010, the state com­plex pro­gram to up­grade the Be­laru­sian en­ergy sec­tor, pro­mote en­ergy con­ser­va­tion and in­crease the use of lo­cal fu­els for the pe­riod un­til 2011, other doc­u­ments. En­ergy sav­ing ef­forts are gain­ing mo­men­tum now. We have launched the pro­gram to con­struct en­ergy gen­er­at­ing fa­cil­i­ties run­ning on bio­gas in 2010-2012, the state pro­gram to build en­ergy gen­er­at­ing fa­cil­i­ties us­ing lo­cal fu­els in 20102012. To ful­fill Direc­tive No. 3 we have de­vel­oped and adopted an ac­tion plan for 2011-2015, the na­tional en­ergy sav­ing pro­gram for 2011-2015.

This demon­strates our strong com­mit­ment to en­hanc­ing en­ergy ef­fi­ciency and en­cour­ag­ing en­ergy con­ser­va­tion. Our con­sis­tent en­ergy pol­icy is bear­ing fruit. For ex­am­ple, the GDP en­ergy in­tensi-

in­crease in en­ergy ef­fi­ciency of pro­duc­tion, ra­tio­nal use of en­ergy re­sources, im­ple­men­ta­tion of a wide range of en­ergy sav­ing ini­tia­tives are the ma­jor pre­req­ui­sites for Be­larus’ sus­tain­able eco­nomic per­for­mance. the main mech­a­nisms for reach­ing these tar­gets are direc­tive no. 3 of the Pres­i­dent of Be­larus of 14 June 2007 “Econ­omy and thrift are the main fac­tors of the eco­nomic se­cu­rity of the state” and other pro­gram doc­u­ments.

ty is es­ti­mated at 0.28-0.29 tonnes of oil equiv­a­lent per $1,000 (Pic­ture 1).

The pos­i­tive trends are sup­ported by the data of the In­ter­na­tional En­ergy Agency that mon­i­tors the GDP en­ergy in­ten­sity in dif­fer­ent coun­tries. Ac­cord­ing to the agency’s reck­on­ing, in 2008 the ac­tual en­ergy in­ten­sity of Be­larus’ GDP stood at 0.31 tonnes of oil equiv­a­lent per $1,000 (in prices and pur­chas­ing power par­ity of 2000) vs. 0.78 tonnes of oil equiv­a­lent per $1,000 in 1990, down over 2.5 times. Over this pe­riod, the en­ergy in­ten­sity in de­vel­oped coun­tries with sim­i­lar cli­mate fell only by 30-40%. As a re­sult, the en­ergy in­ten­sity of Be­larus’ GDP ex­ceeded that of Fin­land, Swe­den, Ger­many only 1.2-1.9 times in 2008 against 2.5-3 times in 1990.

I would like to note that af­ter Direc­tive No. 3 was adopted, Be­larus posted the big­gest re­duc­tion in en­ergy in­ten­sity of GDP – mi­nus 9.1% ev­ery year, which, by the way, gave an ad­di­tional im­pe­tus to the en­ergy sav­ing pol­icy.

The sys­tem-based ap­proach helped keep en­ergy con­sump­tion at the level of 1997 de­spite the two- fold in­crease in GDP, and re­duce en­ergy in­ten­sity by over 50% (Pic­ture 2).

The im­ple­men­ta­tion of sec­toral and re­gional en­ergy con­ser­va­tion pro­grams helped us save 7.768 mil­lion tonnes of fuel equiv­a­lent (the tar­get stood at 7.55 mil­lion tonnes of fuel equiv­a­lent) in the past five-year pe­riod. Own en­ergy re­sources ac­counted for 20.6% of the fuel mix (the tar­get was 20.5%), up 3.6% over 2005.

A spe­cial fo­cus was placed on en­ergy con­ser­va­tion, com­mis­sion­ing of new elec­tric power gen­er­at­ing ca­pac­i­ties, re­place­ment of en­ergy in­ten­sive pro­duc­tion with new in­no­va­tive tech­nolo­gies, con­struc­tion of en­ergy gen­er­at­ing fa­cil­i­ties run­ning on own re­sources, etc. I would like to add that in or­der to ramp up en­ergy con­ser­va­tion ef­forts, the En­ergy Ef­fi­ciency Depart­ment in part­ner­ship with other stake­hold­ers sub­mit­ted to the gov­ern­ment the draft na­tional

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