Key Factor Behind Sustainable Growth
Enhancing energy efficiency and energy conservation remains high on Belarus’ agenda
In the past five-year period Belarus implemented a series of program documents in energy conservation. They included the national energy saving program for 20062010, the national program to turn boiler houses into cogeneration plants in 2007-2010, the state complex program to upgrade the Belarusian energy sector, promote energy conservation and increase the use of local fuels for the period until 2011, other documents. Energy saving efforts are gaining momentum now. We have launched the program to construct energy generating facilities running on biogas in 2010-2012, the state program to build energy generating facilities using local fuels in 20102012. To fulfill Directive No. 3 we have developed and adopted an action plan for 2011-2015, the national energy saving program for 2011-2015.
This demonstrates our strong commitment to enhancing energy efficiency and encouraging energy conservation. Our consistent energy policy is bearing fruit. For example, the GDP energy intensi-
increase in energy efficiency of production, rational use of energy resources, implementation of a wide range of energy saving initiatives are the major prerequisites for Belarus’ sustainable economic performance. the main mechanisms for reaching these targets are directive no. 3 of the President of Belarus of 14 June 2007 “Economy and thrift are the main factors of the economic security of the state” and other program documents.
ty is estimated at 0.28-0.29 tonnes of oil equivalent per $1,000 (Picture 1).
The positive trends are supported by the data of the International Energy Agency that monitors the GDP energy intensity in different countries. According to the agency’s reckoning, in 2008 the actual energy intensity of Belarus’ GDP stood at 0.31 tonnes of oil equivalent per $1,000 (in prices and purchasing power parity of 2000) vs. 0.78 tonnes of oil equivalent per $1,000 in 1990, down over 2.5 times. Over this period, the energy intensity in developed countries with similar climate fell only by 30-40%. As a result, the energy intensity of Belarus’ GDP exceeded that of Finland, Sweden, Germany only 1.2-1.9 times in 2008 against 2.5-3 times in 1990.
I would like to note that after Directive No. 3 was adopted, Belarus posted the biggest reduction in energy intensity of GDP – minus 9.1% every year, which, by the way, gave an additional impetus to the energy saving policy.
The system-based approach helped keep energy consumption at the level of 1997 despite the two- fold increase in GDP, and reduce energy intensity by over 50% (Picture 2).
The implementation of sectoral and regional energy conservation programs helped us save 7.768 million tonnes of fuel equivalent (the target stood at 7.55 million tonnes of fuel equivalent) in the past five-year period. Own energy resources accounted for 20.6% of the fuel mix (the target was 20.5%), up 3.6% over 2005.
A special focus was placed on energy conservation, commissioning of new electric power generating capacities, replacement of energy intensive production with new innovative technologies, construction of energy generating facilities running on own resources, etc. I would like to add that in order to ramp up energy conservation efforts, the Energy Efficiency Department in partnership with other stakeholders submitted to the government the draft national