En­ergy Pol­icy in Trans­porta­tion

En­hanc­ing en­ergy ef­fi­ciency is es­sen­tial for all the sec­tors of the econ­omy, in­clud­ing the trans­port in­dus­try

Economy of Belarus - - ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION - Ivan ZHUK, Di­rec­tor Gen­eral of Transtekhnika trans­porta­tion re­search cen­ter, Sergei KUCHUR, head of the en­ergy re­sources sec­tor of Transtekhnika trans­porta­tion re­search cen­ter

En­ergy Con­ser­va­tion Tar­gets

The ma­jor ways to en­hance en­ergy con­ser­va­tion are set out in Direc­tive No. 3 of the Pres­i­dent of the Repub­lic of Be­larus of 14 June 2007 “Econ­omy and Thrift are the Main Fac­tors of the Eco­nomic Se­cu­rity of the State”. To im­ple­ment the direc­tive the gov­ern­ment sets an­nual en­ergy sav­ing tar­gets which serve as im­por­tant in­di­ca­tors of the so­cial and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment of the coun­try.

The Min­istry of Trans­port and Com­mu­ni­ca­tions is pur­su­ing a con­sis­tent en­ergy con­ser­va­tion pol­icy based on the sec­toral en­ergy sav­ing pro­gram that spells out mea­sures to ful­fill en­ergy con­ser­va­tion tar­gets. This pro­gram is de­vel­oped and sup­ported by the Transtekhnika trans­porta­tion re­search cen­ter. The or­ga­ni­za­tions af­fil­i­ated with the Min­istry of Trans­port and Com­mu­ni­ca­tions have never failed to meet the en­ergy sav­ing tar­gets.

Re­duc­ing En­ergy In­ten­sity

The mon­i­tor­ing shows that over the last five years the en­ergy con­sump­tion by the or­ga­ni­za­tions af­fil­i­ated with the Trans­port Min-

En­ergy con­ser­va­tion is get­ting in­creas­ingly rel­e­vant in the con­text of cli­mate change, fierce competition for lim­ited en­ergy re­sources that are grow­ing more and more ex­pen­sive. Many coun­tries world­wide are try­ing to cut down on en­ergy costs by rais­ing the ef­fi­ciency of en­ergy con­sump­tion and a broader use of lo­cal fu­els, sec­ondary en­ergy re­sources, non­con­ven­tional and re­new­able en­ergy. En­ergy con­ser­va­tion is the key el­e­ment of up­grad­ing the Be­laru­sian econ­omy as it will help re­duce fuel con­sump­tion by us­ing ad­vanced equip­ment and tech­nol­ogy. this is par­tic­u­larly true for the trans­port in­dus­try. Com­pet­i­tive­ness of trans­porta­tion ser­vices heav­ily re­lies on the ra­tio­nal use of en­ergy re­sources.

istry inched down by 1.3%, the en­ergy in­ten­sity of goods, works and ser­vices shrank by 28.3%, while the rev­enues grew by 37.7% in com­pa­ra­ble prices.

The global fi­nan­cial and eco­nomic cri­sis had a detri­men­tal ef­fect on the in­dus­try’s per­for­mance in 2009. That year the rev­enues from sell­ing goods, works and ser­vices in com­pa­ra­ble prices dropped by 7.9% over 2008, the en­ergy con­sump­tion fell by 7%, while the en­ergy in­ten­sity climbed by 1.4%. How­ever, in 2010 the rev­enues grew by over 10%, en­ergy con­sump­tion rose by 4.5%, en­ergy in­ten­sity re­duced by over 6%.

The en­ergy con­ser­va­tion anal­y­sis sug­gests that en­ergy in­ten­sity will keep fall­ing through 2011. In Jan­uary 2011 the en­ergy in­ten­sity of the in­dus­try re­duced by the av­er­age of 1.3%.

The Trans­port Min­istry is work­ing hard to at­tract in­vest­ment to bring down the en­ergy in­ten­sity of goods, works and ser­vices. The scope of fi­nanc­ing to im­ple­ment en­ergy con­ser­va­tion ef­forts from all the sources is es­ti­mated at Br42.4 bil­lion in 2007, Br45.3 bil­lion in 2008, Br64.9 bil­lion in 2009, Br97.08 bil­lion in 2010 (119% of the tar­get). These ef­forts helped save 58,400 tonnes of fuel equiv­a­lent in 2007, 45,030 tonnes of fuel equiv­a­lent in 2008, and 45,600 tonnes of fuel equiv­a­lent in 2009.

Un­der the na­tional en­ergy con­ser­va­tion pro­gram, the Trans­port Min­istry was to save 41,000 tonnes of fuel equiv­a­lent in 2010. The im­ple­men­ta­tion of the sec­toral en­ergy con­ser­va­tion pro­gram re­sulted in sav­ing of 44,970 tonnes of fuel equiv­a­lent or 110% of the tar­get tak­ing into con­sid­er­a­tion the in­crease in the use of lo­cal fu­els.

The anal­y­sis of an­nual in­vest­ments and the amount of fuel saved thanks to them sug­gests that in­creas­ingly more funds have to be in­vested to save one tonne of fuel equiv­a­lent.

For ex­am­ple, Br580,000 was needed to save one tonne of fuel equiv­a­lent in 2006, over Br1.3 mil­lion in 2009, while in 2010 as much as Br2.15 mil­lion was needed for the pur­pose.

In other words, in pre­vi­ous years the in­dus­try used the most ob­vi­ous tech­ni­cal and tech­no­log­i­cal so­lu­tions with min­i­mal costs and the pay­ment pe­riod of four to five years. How­ever, most of these mea­sures have al­ready been im­ple­mented. This is why the Trans­port Min­istry has to switch from

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