Energy Policy in Transportation
Enhancing energy efficiency is essential for all the sectors of the economy, including the transport industry
Energy Conservation Targets
The major ways to enhance energy conservation are set out in Directive No. 3 of the President of the Republic of Belarus of 14 June 2007 “Economy and Thrift are the Main Factors of the Economic Security of the State”. To implement the directive the government sets annual energy saving targets which serve as important indicators of the social and economic development of the country.
The Ministry of Transport and Communications is pursuing a consistent energy conservation policy based on the sectoral energy saving program that spells out measures to fulfill energy conservation targets. This program is developed and supported by the Transtekhnika transportation research center. The organizations affiliated with the Ministry of Transport and Communications have never failed to meet the energy saving targets.
Reducing Energy Intensity
The monitoring shows that over the last five years the energy consumption by the organizations affiliated with the Transport Min-
Energy conservation is getting increasingly relevant in the context of climate change, fierce competition for limited energy resources that are growing more and more expensive. Many countries worldwide are trying to cut down on energy costs by raising the efficiency of energy consumption and a broader use of local fuels, secondary energy resources, nonconventional and renewable energy. Energy conservation is the key element of upgrading the Belarusian economy as it will help reduce fuel consumption by using advanced equipment and technology. this is particularly true for the transport industry. Competitiveness of transportation services heavily relies on the rational use of energy resources.
istry inched down by 1.3%, the energy intensity of goods, works and services shrank by 28.3%, while the revenues grew by 37.7% in comparable prices.
The global financial and economic crisis had a detrimental effect on the industry’s performance in 2009. That year the revenues from selling goods, works and services in comparable prices dropped by 7.9% over 2008, the energy consumption fell by 7%, while the energy intensity climbed by 1.4%. However, in 2010 the revenues grew by over 10%, energy consumption rose by 4.5%, energy intensity reduced by over 6%.
The energy conservation analysis suggests that energy intensity will keep falling through 2011. In January 2011 the energy intensity of the industry reduced by the average of 1.3%.
The Transport Ministry is working hard to attract investment to bring down the energy intensity of goods, works and services. The scope of financing to implement energy conservation efforts from all the sources is estimated at Br42.4 billion in 2007, Br45.3 billion in 2008, Br64.9 billion in 2009, Br97.08 billion in 2010 (119% of the target). These efforts helped save 58,400 tonnes of fuel equivalent in 2007, 45,030 tonnes of fuel equivalent in 2008, and 45,600 tonnes of fuel equivalent in 2009.
Under the national energy conservation program, the Transport Ministry was to save 41,000 tonnes of fuel equivalent in 2010. The implementation of the sectoral energy conservation program resulted in saving of 44,970 tonnes of fuel equivalent or 110% of the target taking into consideration the increase in the use of local fuels.
The analysis of annual investments and the amount of fuel saved thanks to them suggests that increasingly more funds have to be invested to save one tonne of fuel equivalent.
For example, Br580,000 was needed to save one tonne of fuel equivalent in 2006, over Br1.3 million in 2009, while in 2010 as much as Br2.15 million was needed for the purpose.
In other words, in previous years the industry used the most obvious technical and technological solutions with minimal costs and the payment period of four to five years. However, most of these measures have already been implemented. This is why the Transport Ministry has to switch from