To­day’s Most Im­por­tant Task

Enterprises run by the Be­laru­sian In­dus­try Min­istry are hard at work sub­sti­tut­ing imports

Economy of Belarus - - CONTENTS - Dmitry KATERINICH

Enterprises run by the Be­laru­sian In­dus­try Min­istry are hard at work

sub­sti­tut­ing imports

Aim­ing for In­de­pen­dence From Im­port

The im­port sub­sti­tu­tion pol­icy of the In­dus­try Min­istry is aimed at struc­tural changes in this branch of the econ­omy, lo­cal­iza­tion of the con­se­quences caused by Be­larus’ tech­no­log­i­cal spe­cial­iza­tion in the former So­viet Union.

Fol­low­ing de­ci­sions made by the head of state and by the govern­ment, the state im­port sub­sti­tu­tion pro­gram and the In­dus­try Min­istry’s

the pro­gram for Be­larus’ so­cial and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment in 2011-2015 pro­vides for bal­anced de­vel­op­ment of the national econ­omy thanks to the ex­port growth rate be­ing higher than the im­port growth rate. it is even more nec­es­sary af­ter con­se­quences of the global fi­nan­cial and eco­nomic cri­sis have hit Be­larus’ for­eign trade hard. this is why im­port sub­sti­tu­tion in Be­laru­sian me­chan­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing is an im­por­tant tool to sta­bi­lize and ad­vance the national econ­omy.

im­port sub­sti­tu­tion pro­gram were im­ple­mented in 2006-2010.

The national pro­gram in­volved over 70 or­ga­ni­za­tions. As much as $687.7 mil­lion worth of mer­chan­dise was man­u­fac­tured back then, with $132.9 mil­lion worth of mer­chan­dise ex­ported.

The launch of batch pro­duc­tion is worth men­tion­ing, in­clud­ing the pro­duc­tion of class 5 trac­tors “Be­larus” as part of the model range “Be­larus” (2522DV, 2822DTS, 3022DV by MTZ), the coach MAZ 251 (AMAZ en­ter­prise of OAO MAZ), TMT bars (BMZ com­pany), elec­tri­cally welded steel pipes (MMZ com­pany).

As part of the min­istry’s pro­gram 163 projects were im­ple­mented

in 2006-2010, $665.8 mil­lion worth of mer­chan­dise was made, with $191.6 mil­lion worth of mer­chan­dise ex­ported.

Batch pro­duc­tion of mi­crowave ovens (OAO Hor­i­zont) was launched as well as the pro­duc­tion of new­type gen­er­a­tors for MAZ au­to­mo­biles ( OAO BATE), 0.5 and 0.5S pre­ci­sion-class power trans­form­ers for 1000A, 1500A, and 2000A (Minsk Elec­trotech­ni­cal Plant), self-pro­pelled cars for mines BELAZ 79271 (OAO BELAZ) and other im­port sub­sti­tutes.

As part of the im­port-sub­sti­tu­tion ef­forts the nec­es­sary enterprises were set up. Be­larus is no longer de­pen­dent on the im­port of pow­er­ful trac­tors, ploughs, grain har­vesters, grain dry­ers, var­i­ous kinds of buses, trol­ley­buses, en­gines and mo­tors, ma­chine tools, rail­way cars, tele­vi­sion equip­ment, dig­i­tal phone sta­tions, new mi­cro­elec­tron­ics parts, laser-based med­i­cal tools and other prod­ucts.

Im­port sub­sti­tu­tion en­tered the state pro­gram for in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment in 2007-2010. As part of the pro­gram 148 projects were com­pleted, in­clud­ing in­vest­ment projects to start man­u­fac­tur­ing mi­crochips with 0.5-0.35 mi­cron de­sign rules, heavy-duty grain har­vesters. Fa­cil­i­ties were set up to en­able hot zinc­ing of metal prod­ucts, to make mi­crowave ovens, au­to­matic wash­ing ma­chines, seam­less hot-rolled pipes and other prod­ucts.

Or­ga­ni­za­tions run by the min­istry are the key ex­ecu­tors of the pro­grams aimed at re­tool­ing ba­sic in­dus­tries of the national econ­omy. With as­sis­tance of the National Academy of Sciences of Be­larus and the Agri­cul­ture and Food Min­istry the national agribusi­ness in­dus­try has been granted a set of ma­chines to make crop prod­ucts us­ing sci­en­tif­i­cally proven tech­nolo­gies. Do­mes­tic ana­logues of im­ported tillage and har­vest­ing ma­chines are be­ing de­signed.

In the last ten years the range of agri­cul­tural ma­chines made in Be­larus in­creased from 13% to 70-75% of what the coun­try needs, an al­most 500% in­crease.

At present Be­laru­sian enterprises make over 430 ma­chines and tools for agri­cul­ture and the pro­cess­ing in­dus­try, with In­dus­try Min­istry enterprises turn­ing out about 350 ma­chines and tools.

The Be­laru­sian me­chan­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing in­dus­try has cre­ated modern fa­cil­i­ties to make a wide range of agri­cul­tural ma­chines used for crop pro­duc­tion. By the way, this opens up new op­por­tu­ni­ties to ex­port more of these prod­ucts to the Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion and other coun­tries.

In 2005-2010 Be­laru­sian agri­cul­ture re­ceived 10,100 grain har­vesters, 2,600 for­age har­vesters, 17,500 trac­tors, 9,200 trucks and 4,900 load­ers.

In 2010 alone thanks to the ful­fill­ment of con­trac­tual obli­ga­tions in full Be­laru­sian state-run farm­ing enterprises re­ceived 1,711 grain har­vesters, 368 for­age har­vesters, 2,209 trac­tors, 1,743 trucks and 639 load­ers as well as a lot of other ma­chin­ery.

As part of the rel­e­vant pro­gram that has been ap­proved by the Pres­i­dent of Be­larus in the pre­vi­ous five years In­dus­try Min­istry enterprises shipped 4,350 ma­chines and tools to the Be­laru­sian forestry in­dus­try, with Br430.67 bil­lion spent, or more than 80% above the tar­geted fig­ure.

The ma­chines sat­is­fied the de­mand of the in­dus­try for for­est har­vest­ing tools and Be­larus-made equip­ment. They en­abled the har­vest­ing of the forests that had been af­fected by bad weather and re­cov­ered a con­sid­er­able amount of tim­ber that can be used by the tim­ber in­dus­try and the fuel and en­ergy com­plex.

The min­istry will con­tinue build­ing up these ef­forts. A set of ma­chines will be de­signed in 20112015 to use the lat­est tech­nolo­gies to har­vest forests, re­store forests, and se­cure ra­tio­nal use of for­est re­sources.

New im­port-sub­sti­tut­ing prod­ucts are be­ing de­signed for the national civil en­gi­neer­ing in­dus­try, the pub­lic util­i­ties, health­care, trans­port and com­mu­ni­ca­tions.

In par­tic­u­lar, the national pro­gram for start­ing up the pro­duc­tion of im­port sub­sti­tutes for the civil en­gi­neer­ing in­dus­try in 20092012 aims for it along with the state R&D pro­grams “Me­chan­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing”, “Me­chan­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing tech­nolo­gies and equip­ment”, “Med­i­cal tools”, “Ra­dio elec­tron­ics”, “Mi­cro­elec­tron­ics”. These pro­grams are sup­posed to be im­ple­mented in 2011-2015.

New prod­ucts are made avail­able pri­mar­ily af­ter an­a­lyz­ing in­ter­me­di­ate im­port, consumer im­port, and in­vest­ment im­port, tak­ing into

ac­count the need to save ma­te­rial and en­ergy re­sources.

Re­mod­el­ing for Use­ful Ends

The in­dus­try’s struc­ture will be im­proved in the fu­ture via the foun­da­tion of ver­ti­cally ori­ented bod­ies – hold­ing com­pa­nies.

The In­dus­try Min­istry has plans for 16 hold­ing com­pa­nies. Of them the hold­ing com­pa­nies Hor­i­zont and BELOMO have been reg­is­tered al­ready. The hold­ing com­pany Au­to­com­po­nents have been cre­ated by Pres­i­den­tial De­cree No. 338 of 30 Au­gust 2011. Au­to­com­po­nents stems from OAO BATE.

The min­istry plans to set up hold­ing com­pa­nies Belav­tomaz, Minsk Mo­tor Plant, Amkodor, BELAZ, Bel­stankoin­stru­ment, Elec­trotekhnika, Inte g ral, Selkhoz­mashinos­troyeniye (agri­cul­tural me­chan­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing), Me­tal­lurgy, Atlant, Lift­mash and oth­ers in the fu­ture. The doc­u­ments to set them up are be­ing pre­pared.

The new struc­ture will en­able a more con­crete ap­proach to im­port sub­sti­tu­tion and ways to re­duce ma­te­rial and en­ergy con­sump­tion.

The fu­ture hold­ing com­pa­nies will spe­cial­ize in im­prov­ing man­u­fac­tur­ing prac­tices and start­ing up the pro­duc­tion of im­port sub­sti­tutes and ex­port-ori­ented mer­chan­dise.

The hold­ing com­pany Belav­tomaz will fo­cus on au­to­mo­biles and buses, which are com­pli­ant with Euro 4 and Euro 5 stan­dards.

The hold­ing com­pany Minsk Mo­tor Plant will fo­cus on 30-715hp com­pet­i­tive diesel en­gines that will match re­quire­ments of do­mes­tic and for­eign mar­kets.

The hold­ing com­pany Amkodor will fo­cus on road con­struc­tion ma­chines, forestry ma­chines and air­field ma­chines.

BELAZ will man­u­fac­ture rock haulers with the pay­load ca­pac­ity of 27-360 tonnes, with hy­drome­chan­i­cal trans­mis­sions and al­ter­nat­ing cur­rent trans­mis­sions, ma­chines for mines and quar­ries.

Au­to­com­po­nents will fo­cus on ship­ping more mer­chan­dise to ex­ist­ing mar­kets and on pen­e­trat­ing new mar­kets via im­port car assem­bly enterprises of the Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion.

Bel­stankoin­stru­ment will make NC turn­ing ma­chines, pro­cess­ing cen­ters, NC pol­ish­ing ma­chines, CNC gear pro­duc­tion ma­chin­ery, other NC tools, modern metal-cut­ting in­stru­ments and ac­ces­sories.

BELOMO will make new op­ti­cal me­chan­i­cal and op­ti­cal elec­tronic de­vices based on ther­mal imag­ing de­vices and laser trans­mit­ters able to com­pete with the world’s best prod­ucts. BELOMO will fo­cus on cut­ting-edge R&D to make op­ti­cal and laser de­vices.

Elec­trotekhnika will make elec­tric ma­chin­ery, power trans­form­ers and sub­sta­tions, dis­trib­u­tors, asyn­chro­nous elec­tric mo­tors, ca­bles, light­ing prod­ucts.

The hold­ing com­pany In­te­gral will make mi­cro­elec­tron­ics de­vices, car elec­tron­ics, med­i­cal elec­tron­ics, fo­cus­ing on ex­port­ing more and more prod­ucts, pri­mar­ily mi­crochips, dual-use semi­con­duc­tor prod­ucts, power elec­tron­ics, high­ca­pac­ity 0.35-0.18 mi­cron EEPROM, mi­crochips to con­trol LEDS, 0.350.18 mi­cron RPID.

S e l k h o z m a s h i n o s t r o ye n i ye is ex­pected to make com­pet­i­tive ma­chines for crop hus­bandry us­ing sci­en­tif­i­cally proven tech­nolo­gies, do­mes­tic ana­logues of im­ported tillage and har­vest­ing equip­ment.

The hold­ing com­pany Me­tal­lurgy will deal with rolled fer­rous me­tals, hard­ware prod­ucts, welded and hotrolled pipes, heat­ing ra­di­a­tors, boil­ers and pipe­line fit­tings, pro­peller pumps, mold­ing sand, pro­cure­ment de­vel­op­ment.

Atlant will fo­cus on “white goods”, re­frig­er­a­tors, wash­ing and dish-wash­ing ma­chines, gas and elec­tric stoves, com­po­nents for house­hold ap­pli­ances.

Hor­i­zont will com­bine ef­forts to make house­hold elec­tron­ics, telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion so­lu­tions, in­dus­trial elec­tron­ics, fo­cus the sci­en­tific and in­tel­lec­tual po­ten­tial for in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment and di­ver­si­fi­ca­tion of these ar­eas, for spe­cial­iza­tion of enterprises, for rais­ing the ef­fec­tive­ness of us­ing spare pro­duc­tion fa­cil­i­ties, to de­velop the ex­ist­ing ex­pe­ri­ence of co­op­er­a­tion with transna­tional cor­po­ra­tions (Midea Group) for the sake of turn­ing out com­pet­i­tive prod­ucts.

The hold­ing com­pany Lift­mash will make el­e­va­tor equip­ment, con­struc­tion site hoists, agri­cul­tural ma­chines and consumer goods.

Proud of Re­sults

A lot has been done al­ready. The Bara­novichi-based ma­chine tools sub­sidiary of ZAO Atlant has started man­u­fac­tur­ing au­to­matic mold­ing ma­chines, which had not been man­u­fac­tured in Be­larus be­fore, and plasma-cut­ting com­plexes. They are set to start the pro­duc­tion of through-type fur­naces and cham­ber fur­naces for heat pro­cess­ing.

As part of the Br53 bil­lion con­tract to build the fa­cil­ity to make seam­less drawn pipes for BMZ, sys­tems have been built to trans­port pipes be­tween op­er­a­tions. Such sys­tems have been sold to for­eign steel mills.

OAO Brest­mash has made 1 mil­lion worth of metal struc­tures for the Brest waste re­cy­cling fac­tory as part of the con­tract with the com­pany Stra­bach. Brest­mash has started man­u­fac­tur­ing equip­ment with ad­justable tem­per­a­tures with the ca­pac­ity of up to 100 cu­bic me­ters.

Co­op­er­a­tion be­tween Be­laruskali and Minsk Trac­tor Works has re­sulted in the pro­duc­tion of un­der­ground ve­hi­cles (trans­port, san­i­tary, and fire-fight­ing ones).

The com­pa­nies Be­lar­us­ca­ble and Gomel­ca­ble man­u­fac­ture im­port­sub­sti­tut­ing ar­mored power ca­bles and glass-lined ca­bles for Be­laru­sian Rail­ways and other cus­tomers.

The Vitebsk in­stru­ment-mak­ing plant makes fit­tings for footwear man­u­fac­tur­ers to sub­sti­tute Pol­ish and Ital­ian imports.

The com­plex au­toma­tion so­lu­tions fac­tory in as­so­ci­a­tion with the Minsk Oblast ad­min­is­tra­tion has im­ple­mented an in­no­va­tive project to cre­ate a hard-pressed cheese line forthe­berezino-based­cheese­fac­tory. Such lines are man­u­fac­tured by the Pol­ish com­pany Obram, the Ger­man com­pany West­falia Sep­a­ra­tor and other for­eign man­u­fac­tur­ers. The Be­larus-made line with the out­put ca­pac­ity of 10 tonnes per day was com­mis­sioned on 22 April 2011.

The pro­duc­tion of elec­tric mo­tors for au­to­matic wash­ing ma­chines made by ZAO Atlant has be­gun. The li­cense and equip­ment had been bought from the com­pany BSH Drives and Pumps. The project will fully sat­isfy Atlant’s de­mand

for elec­tric mo­tors. Atlant is the sole man­u­fac­turer of wash­ing ma­chines in Be­larus.

Minsk Mo­tor Plant, the Tu­tayev me­chan­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing plant of Rus­sia and Bosch have started man­u­fac­tur­ing diesel en­gines with the ca­pac­ity of up to 800hp for do­mes­tic ve­hi­cles.

The im­ple­men­ta­tion of the im­port sub­sti­tu­tion con­cept in all ar­eas of in­vest­ment ef­forts has en­abled the In­dus­try Min­istry to se­cure a for­eign trade sur­plus of $1.7 bil­lion in 2010 and to re­duce ma­te­ri­als con­sump­tion by 0.8% de­spite the global eco­nomic cri­sis.

Apart from that, the pro­duc­tion of im­port sub­sti­tutes that have been de­signed as part of national and sec­toral pro­grams has al­lowed min­i­miz­ing the im­port of sim­i­lar prod­ucts in other branches of the national econ­omy.

Con­crete Tar­gets

In the cur­rent five-year term the im­port sub­sti­tu­tion pol­icy is now even more con­crete and tar­geted.

In 2011-2015 ef­forts of the In­dus­try Min­istry will be guided by a scheme that has been de­vel­oped by the Econ­omy Min­istry and the National Academy of Sciences of Be­larus and has been ap­proved by the head of state.

The scheme in­cludes three groups of com­modi­ties:

• com­modi­ties, which are pro­duced in Be­larus. A to­tal of 286 ti­tles, in­clud­ing 129 ones the In­dus­try Min­istry is re­spon­si­ble for;

• com­modi­ties, which are man­u­fac­tured as part of ex­ist­ing pro­grams;

• com­modi­ties, which are not pro­duced do­mes­ti­cally. A to­tal of 602 ti­tles, in­clud­ing 410 ones the In­dus­try Min­istry is re­spon­si­ble for.

In Jan­uary 2011 the com­mis­sion tasked with im­prov­ing the com­pet­i­tive abil­ity of the national econ­omy ap­proved this year’s im­port sub­sti­tu­tion ac­tion plan of the In­dus­try Min­istry in ac­cor­dance with the scheme.

The min­istry has de­ter­mined the pro­ce­dure for work­ing out and con­trol­ling the ful­fill­ment of the pro­grams meant to re­duce im­ported com­po­nents in Be­laru­sian prod­ucts.

In other words, in the new phase of the national me­chan­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing in­dus­try de­vel­op­ment the pol­icy of im­port sub­sti­tu­tion “re­sides” in shops and man­u­fac­tur­ing di­vi­sions, ex­actly where in­no­va­tive prod­ucts are cre­ated.

There are plans to im­ple­ment 414 mea­sures as part of the pro­grams for the sake of sub­sti­tut­ing im­ported com­po­nents and ma­te­ri­als. About 250 mea­sures of the to­tal are sched­uled for com­ple­tion in 2011.

In par­tic­u­lar, this year Minsk Au­to­mo­bile Plant has de­signed and man­u­fac­tured a pro­to­type of the CIS’ only bon­neted truck MAZ 6440. The new ve­hi­cle is pow­ered by a 600hp Euro-4 com­pli­ant en­gine from Minsk Mo­tor Plant. Be­larus-made com­po­nents con­sti­tute 75% of the new ve­hi­cle. The ones that the com­pany has to im­port for now will be sub­sti­tuted with lo­cal prod­ucts in the fu­ture.

In or­der to im­ple­ment Di­rec­tive No. 4 on pub­lic-pri­vate part­ner­ship and to im­prove the tar­geted na­ture of the im­port sub­sti­tu­tion pol­icy Minsk Trac­tor Works and Minsk Au­to­mo­bile Plant have held sem­i­nars in­volv­ing pri­vate or­ga­ni­za­tions to dis­play the im­port-sub­sti­tut­ing prod­ucts that Be­laru­sian enterprises need these days. Af­ter the sem­i­nars it was de­cided to start man­u­fac­tur­ing about 60 im­port-sub­sti­tut­ing prod­ucts for Be­larus’ largest man­u­fac­tur­ers of au­to­mo­biles and trac­tors.

There are plans to hold sim­i­lar sem­i­nars in­volv­ing the dis­play of im­port sub­sti­tutes at sev­eral other In­dus­try Min­istry enterprises.

The prac­tice al­lows ex­pand­ing the choice of im­port sub­sti­tutes and the num­ber of man­u­fac­tur­ers in­volved in mak­ing these prod­ucts, in­clud­ing pri­vate busi­ness.

Lower Ma­te­ri­als Con­sump­tion

The main ways to re­duce the con­sump­tion of ma­te­ri­als and en­ergy in the me­chan­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing in­dus­try are:

• use of in­for­ma­tion tech­nolo­gies;

• de­vel­op­ment of new prod­ucts us­ing less re­sources through­out the en­tire cy­cle from raw ma­te­ri­als to re­cy­cling;

• re­tool­ing of en­ter­pris­esprises us­ing modern re­source-sav­ing tech­nolo­gies and equip­ment;

• im­prove­ment of ba­sic ar­eas of the in­dus­try and their fur­ther spe­cial­iza­tion.

In par­tic­u­lar, the use of in­for­ma­tion tech­nolo­gies in cre­at­ing and man­u­fac­tur­ing prod­ucts has halved the time re­quired to start batch pro­duc­tion of new mer­chan­dise and bring it onto the mar­ket thanks to par­al­leliza­tion and com­bined pre­pro­duc­tion phases. In­for­ma­tion tech­nolo­gies have pro­vided a con­sid­er­able com­pet­i­tive edge.

Us­ing in­for­ma­tion tech­nolo­gies to de­sign and test vir­tual pro­to­types in­stead of real-world ones and their com­po­nents, stream­lin­ing man­u­fac­tur­ing pro­cesses have re­duced the con­sump­tion of ma­te­rial and la­bor re­sources by 15-20%.

The sys­tem ap­proach to cre­at­ing new com­pet­i­tive prod­ucts has been pri­mar­ily en­abled by R&D cen­ters of in­dus­try flag­ships. They shape ideas and con­cepts and im­ple­ment modern tech­nolo­gies in the first phases of life of new prod­ucts. Along with pro­vid­ing pa­per and dig­i­tal doc­u­men­ta­tion, the soft­ware to man­u­fac­ture new prod­ucts us­ing NC ma­chine tools is de­vel­oped. The rather ex­pen­sive prepara­tory phase (pro­duc­tion of moulds, ac­ces­sories) is no longer needed while the time re­quired to start batch pro­duc­tion is con­sid­er­ably re­duced.

OAO Vityas is a good ex­am­ple of this ap­proach. The com­pany has started man­u­fac­tur­ing slim TV sets us­ing light-emit­ting diodes (LED) in­stead of flu­o­res­cent lamps. LED panels have re­duced power con­sump­tion of a TV set by 30-50%, the thick­ness of a TV set 2-3 times, have re­duced the size of pack­ag­ing and the ma­te­ri­als con­sump­tion of the prod­uct.

Sim­i­lar re­source-sav­ing ef­forts are ex­er­cised for the en­tire range of prod­ucts, in­clud­ing ZAO Atlant re­frig­er­a­tors, OAO Hor­i­zont mi­crowave ovens, OAO Vityas vac­uum clean­ers.

OAO Minsk Mo­tor Plant works hard to se­cure the pro­duc­tion of en­gines com­pli­ant with Euro-3, 4, 5 and 6 in the fu­ture. Af­ter mod­el­ing all parts of its au­to­mo­bile cranes, OAO MAZ has in­creased the crane’s lift­ing ca­pac­ity by 15% while keep­ing the mass of the ve­hi­cle un­changed. Bet­ter tech­ni­cal pa­ram­e­ters have re­duced the weight of el­e­va­tor drives for Mogilevlift­mash, weight of starters and power gen­er­a­tors made by OAO BATE.

The Mogilev-based com­pany OAO Elek­trod­vi­ga­tel is busy de­sign­ing IE1 (EFF2) and IE2 class en­er­gy­ef­fec­tive bipo­lar elec­tric mo­tors.

The scarcity of fuel and en­ergy re­sources and the need to im­port them leave Be­larus’ econ­omy vul­ner­a­ble to imports and to rapidly chang­ing prices for en­ergy re­sources. In these con­di­tions en­ergy sav­ing is a pri­or­ity.

Be­laru­sian Steel Works, a ma­jor consumer of elec­tric­ity and nat­u­ral gas in Be­larus, puts se­ri­ous ef­forts into rais­ing the ef­fec­tive­ness of us­ing fuel and en­ergy re­sources. In 2005-2010 it re­duced en­ergy con­sump­tion of man­u­fac­tur­ing pro­cesses from 0.679 tonnes of oil equiv­a­lent per one thou­sand US dol­lars to 0.465 tonnes of oil equiv­a­lent per thou­sand US dol­lars. The com­pany has also sub­sti­tuted up to 20.5% of the nat­u­ral gas it buys with sec­ondary en­ergy re­sources.

The com­pany as­sim­i­lates re­source-sav­ing tech­nolo­gies to­gether with re­search cen­ters of the National Academy of Sciences of Be­larus, Rus­sia, Ukraine, Ger­many and other coun­tries.

Other enterprises ac­count­able to the In­dus­try Min­istry work on sav­ing re­sources, too.

As part of the re­tool­ing pro­gram Minsk Trac­tor Works plans to take 324 mea­sures in 2011 to save all kinds of re­sources. Of the to­tal 150 mea­sures are stip­u­lated by the en­ergy sav­ing pro­gram. The mea­sures will re­duce ex­penses by at least Br22 bil­lion per an­num. The spend­ing of fuel and en­ergy re­sources will be re­duced by 18,500 tonnes of oil equiv­a­lent.

In 2009-2010 OAO Minsk Au­to­mo­bile Plant mod­ern­ized its main pro­duc­tion di­vi­sions, in­clud­ing the foundry, the forg­ing divi­sion, the ther­mo­gal­vanic one, the body press one, the me­chan­i­cal assem­bly one, the ag­gre­gates one, the in­stru­men­tal one, the trailer one, the au­to­mo­bile assem­bly divi­sion and the bus divi­sion.

The launch of an au­to­mated line to make small-leaf par­a­bolic bow

springs at the Minsk springs plant will al­low re­duc­ing the weight of springs by 30% in com­par­i­son with mul­ti­ple-leaf bow springs. It will re­duce en­ergy con­sump­tion by 30%, en­abling more ef­fec­tive pro­tec­tion against cor­ro­sion.

The ful­fill­ment of an or­ga­ni­za­tional ac­tion plan by Be­laru­sian Au­toworks saved Br6,352.6 mil­lion thanks to lower prime costs and saved 2,712 tonnes of metal.

OAO BELNIIILIT, an R&D en­ter­prise spe­cial­iz­ing in foundry tech­nolo­gies, has de­signed a ma­chine to make rods out of sand-resin mix­tures with­out heat­ing us­ing the cold-box-amin process. Six ma­chines have been in­stalled at Minsk Trac­tor Works, Minsk Au­to­mo­bile Plant, and Be­laru­sian Au­toworks. As a re­sult, 928,000 KW was saved within three years.

An au­to­mated mix­ture prepa­ra­tion com­plex has been de­signed and in­stalled at OAO Minsk Au­to­mo­bile Plant. It saved 68,000 KW of elec­tric­ity within three years.

In 2011 the com­pany con­tin­ued as­sim­i­lat­ing modern tech­nolo­gies and equip­ment in a bid to re­tool power-hun­gry enterprises. It will al­low sav­ing 6,494 tonnes of oil equiv­a­lent in foundries alone.

Belv­torcher­met enterprises work hard to get fer­rous and non­fer­rous metal scrap back into the econ­omy. Ac­cu­mu­la­tor bat­ter­ies are now pro­cessed, fa­cil­i­ties to make sec­ondary alu­minum al­loys, to pel­letize metal chips have been com­mis­sioned. Other re­source-sav­ing tech­nolo­gies are as­sim­i­lated.

In H1 2011 the eco­nomic ef­fect from the ef­forts of In­dus­try Min­istry enterprises to re­duce ma­te­rial, en­ergy and la­bor re­sources amounted to Br558.3 bil­lion.

*** Thus, the ap­proaches the In­dus­try Min­istry has de­vel­oped rely on max­i­mum use of the R&D po­ten­tial and the creative po­ten­tial of the in­dus­try, con­cen­tra­tion of ma­chine prod­ucts at enterprises that make up manu- fac­tur­ing cor­po­ra­tions, timely re­tool­ing of enterprises. They will al­low in­creas­ing the qual­ity and com­pet­i­tive abil­ity of Be­laru­sian ma­chines and equip­ment, rais­ing the ex­port po­ten­tial of in­dus­trial enterprises, in­creas­ing ex­port, no­tice­ably in­creas­ing im­port sub­sti­tu­tion while re­duc­ing the con­sump­tion of ma­te­ri­als and en­ergy in ready-made prod­ucts.

A weld­ing ro­bot used to weld large

ca­pac­ity power trans­form­ers in a gas environment is now used by Minsk

Elec­trotech­ni­cal Plant named af­ter Ko­zlov. The new

tech­nol­ogy has greatly in­creased the qual­ity of end


OAO Amkodor has de­signed and man­u­fac­tured a new grain clean­ing and dry­ing com­plex able to process 60-80 tonnes of grain per hour. It is the most pow­er­ful grain dryer in Be­larus and the CIS states

The Be­laru­sian

Chi­nese joint ven­ture MideaHor­i­zont was

cre­ated in Oc­to­ber 2007. It man­u­fac­tures mi­crowave ovens for house­holds. The ovens meet Euro­pean qual­ity

and de­sign stan­dards, which

is why they are com­pet­i­tive abroad

Atlant is one of the CIS ma­jor pro­duc­ers of house­hold ap­pli­ances

OAO Minsk Au­to­mo­bile Plant has de­signed a brand new bon­neted truck MAZ 6440. It is a modern pow­er­ful and com­fort­able

trac­tor truck able to de­liver car­goes over long


New dig­i­tal tele­vi­sion prod­ucts from OAO Vityas meet the tough­est qual­ity and re­li­a­bil­ity stan­dards. The com­pany uses the lat­est tech­nolo­gies, which are em­ployed by Sam­sung, Philips, and Sony

OAO Minsk Mo­tor Plant has started batch pro­duc­tion of Euro-4-com­pli­ant

au­to­mo­bile en­gines. The com­pany also man­u­fac­tures a se­ries of Stage 3A

trac­tor en­gines

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