Green Cor­ri­dor of Co­op­er­a­tion

The Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space will be­come oper­a­tional as from 1 Jan­uary 2012

Economy of Belarus - - INTEGRATION - Lilia KRAPIV­INA, Econ­omy of Be­larus Mag­a­zine

For the sake of full-fledged op­er­a­tion the par­tic­i­pat­ing coun­tries have rat­i­fied 17 treaties that make up the foun­da­tion of the le­gal base of the Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space. In this pack­age the doc­u­ments on re­mov­ing bar­ri­ers for de­liv­er­ies of oil and oil prod­ucts, gas trans­porta­tion, and elec­tric­ity trans­porta­tion are im­por­tant for Be­larus. The num­ber in­cludes reg­u­la­tions on the ac­cess to ser­vices of nat­u­ral mo­nop­o­lies in the sphere of gas trans­porta­tion, in­clud­ing pric­ing and tar­iff pol­icy ba­sics. Treaties on macroe­co­nomic poli­cies, com­mon com­pe­ti­tion rules, pro­vi­sion of in­dus­trial sub­si­dies have been rat­i­fied. As from 1 Jan­uary 2012 the Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space will have uni­form rules for govern­ment pur­chases. The pack­age also in­cludes treaties on com­mon rules for sup­port for agri­cul­ture, com­mon prin­ci­ples of tech­ni­cal reg­u­la­tions, reg­u­la­tions on in­tel­lec­tual prop­erty rights, and an agree­ment on co­op­er­a­tion in la­bor mi­gra­tion. By the way, Be­larus was the first Cus­toms Union coun­try to rat­ify these doc­u­ments.

Tan­gi­ble Con­tri­bu­tion of the Cus­toms Ser­vice

The cus­toms agen­cies of Be­larus, Kaza­khstan, and Rus­sia have worked par­tic­u­larly hard to launch the Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space. They had put to­gether the Cus­toms Union’s Cus­toms Code that en­tered into force in July 2010. On 1 Jan­uary 2010 the uni­fied cus­toms tar­iffs were put in place to in­tro­duce uni-

The Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space has been formed by Be­larus, Kaza­khstan and Rus­sia that have been work­ing to­gether in the Cus­toms Union since 2010. The three coun­tries will make the tran­si­tion to a higher level of in­te­gra­tion that en­vis­ages a free flow of goods, ser­vices, money and work­force. Ex­perts be­lieve the move will un­doubt­edly en­hance each coun­try’s com­pet­i­tive abil­ity on the in­ter­na­tional mar­ket of prod­ucts and ser­vices.

form im­port cus­toms du­ties in the three coun­tries. As of 1 July 2011 all hin­drances to the flow of com­modi­ties, trans­porta­tion across the Be­laru­sian-rus­sian sec­tion of the bor­der were re­moved. The new edi­tion of the uni­fied com­mod­ity de­scrip­tion and cod­ing sys­tem will come into ef­fect on 1 Jan­uary 2012.

At present ex­perts of the three coun­tries are busy work­ing out pro­pos­als to im­prove the reg­u­la­tions on the trans­porta­tion of com­modi­ties by nat­u­ral per­sons, by all kinds of trans­porta­tion and are putting to­gether com­mon reg­u­la­tions for equip­ping bor­der check­points. The uni­fi­ca­tion of pun­ish­ment for break­ing cus­toms rules is be­ing dis­cussed.

So the co­op­er­a­tion of the cus­toms ser­vices is as in­tense as ever. Meet­ings of the heads of the cus­toms ser­vices are held reg­u­larly. In Septem­ber 2011 Minsk hosted an in­ter­na­tional con­fer­ence “Cus­toms Union of Be­larus, Rus­sia and Kaza­khstan: modern state and prospects”. It was the sec­ond time Be­larus had hosted this fo­rum. This year’s one co­in­cided with the 20th an­niver­sary of the foun­da­tion of Be­larus’ Cus­toms. The fo­rum was or­ga­nized to share views on the op­er­a­tion of the Cus­toms Union, pre­pared­ness for the Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space. In turn, rep­re­sen­ta­tives of sci­en­tific cir­cles put forth pro­pos­als for wider use of in­for­ma­tion tech­nolo­gies by the cus­toms ser­vices.

While in Minsk Sec­re­tary Gen­eral of the World Cus­toms Or­ga­ni­za­tion Ku­nio Mikuriya spoke pos­i­tively about the in­te­gra­tion pro­cesses within the frame­work of the Cus­toms Union. “It is also a new stage for the World Cus­toms Or­ga­ni­za­tion,” he said. “Eco­nomic in­te­gra­tion is pri­or­i­tized. It is im­por­tant for Be­larus be­cause the coun­try is a link be­tween Europe and Asia”. In his words, the World Cus­toms Or­ga­ni­za­tion is in­ter­ested in pro­mot­ing co­op­er­a­tion with the Be­laru­sian cus­toms ser­vice. “Our or­ga­ni­za­tion has been work­ing closely with Be­laru­sian cus­toms ser­vices and we would like to con­tinue this fruit­ful co­op­er­a­tion,” Ku­nio Mikuriya said.

He also stressed that the World Cus­toms Or­ga­ni­za­tion will con­tinue help­ing the de­vel­op­ment of the Cus­toms Union. Ex­perts of the or­ga­ni­za­tion have al­ready aided the Cus­toms Union coun­tries. “We would like the Cus­toms Union to make a con­tri­bu­tion to the global cus­toms com­mu­nity. It is im­por­tant for the cus­toms ser­vices of the Cus­toms Union to co­op­er­ate with col­leagues from other coun­tries, in­clud­ing Euro­pean ones,” said the Sec­re­tary Gen­eral of the World Cus­toms Or­ga­ni­za­tion.

For Larger Trade Turnover

Each Cus­toms Union mem­ber state ben­e­fits from in­te­gra­tion. It is con­firmed by pos­i­tive changes in the trade turnover across the Be­laru­sian sec­tion of the Union’s cus­toms bor­der. In or­der to in­crease the fig­ures in the fu­ture, the cus­toms ser­vice is work­ing hard to im­prove the through­put ca­pac­ity of

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