Green Corridor of Cooperation
The Single Economic Space will become operational as from 1 January 2012
For the sake of full-fledged operation the participating countries have ratified 17 treaties that make up the foundation of the legal base of the Single Economic Space. In this package the documents on removing barriers for deliveries of oil and oil products, gas transportation, and electricity transportation are important for Belarus. The number includes regulations on the access to services of natural monopolies in the sphere of gas transportation, including pricing and tariff policy basics. Treaties on macroeconomic policies, common competition rules, provision of industrial subsidies have been ratified. As from 1 January 2012 the Single Economic Space will have uniform rules for government purchases. The package also includes treaties on common rules for support for agriculture, common principles of technical regulations, regulations on intellectual property rights, and an agreement on cooperation in labor migration. By the way, Belarus was the first Customs Union country to ratify these documents.
Tangible Contribution of the Customs Service
The customs agencies of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia have worked particularly hard to launch the Single Economic Space. They had put together the Customs Union’s Customs Code that entered into force in July 2010. On 1 January 2010 the unified customs tariffs were put in place to introduce uni-
The Single Economic Space has been formed by Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia that have been working together in the Customs Union since 2010. The three countries will make the transition to a higher level of integration that envisages a free flow of goods, services, money and workforce. Experts believe the move will undoubtedly enhance each country’s competitive ability on the international market of products and services.
form import customs duties in the three countries. As of 1 July 2011 all hindrances to the flow of commodities, transportation across the Belarusian-russian section of the border were removed. The new edition of the unified commodity description and coding system will come into effect on 1 January 2012.
At present experts of the three countries are busy working out proposals to improve the regulations on the transportation of commodities by natural persons, by all kinds of transportation and are putting together common regulations for equipping border checkpoints. The unification of punishment for breaking customs rules is being discussed.
So the cooperation of the customs services is as intense as ever. Meetings of the heads of the customs services are held regularly. In September 2011 Minsk hosted an international conference “Customs Union of Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan: modern state and prospects”. It was the second time Belarus had hosted this forum. This year’s one coincided with the 20th anniversary of the foundation of Belarus’ Customs. The forum was organized to share views on the operation of the Customs Union, preparedness for the Single Economic Space. In turn, representatives of scientific circles put forth proposals for wider use of information technologies by the customs services.
While in Minsk Secretary General of the World Customs Organization Kunio Mikuriya spoke positively about the integration processes within the framework of the Customs Union. “It is also a new stage for the World Customs Organization,” he said. “Economic integration is prioritized. It is important for Belarus because the country is a link between Europe and Asia”. In his words, the World Customs Organization is interested in promoting cooperation with the Belarusian customs service. “Our organization has been working closely with Belarusian customs services and we would like to continue this fruitful cooperation,” Kunio Mikuriya said.
He also stressed that the World Customs Organization will continue helping the development of the Customs Union. Experts of the organization have already aided the Customs Union countries. “We would like the Customs Union to make a contribution to the global customs community. It is important for the customs services of the Customs Union to cooperate with colleagues from other countries, including European ones,” said the Secretary General of the World Customs Organization.
For Larger Trade Turnover
Each Customs Union member state benefits from integration. It is confirmed by positive changes in the trade turnover across the Belarusian section of the Union’s customs border. In order to increase the figures in the future, the customs service is working hard to improve the throughput capacity of