Boost­ing Meat and Milk Pro­duc­tion

Be­laru­sian and Rus­sian spe­cial­ists have started im­ple­ment­ing a Union State pro­gram “An­i­mal Feeds”

Economy of Belarus - - UNION STATE - Ta­tiana LOBAS, Econ­omy of Be­larus Mag­a­zine

Raw Ma­te­ri­als are Para­mount

The prac­tice shows that the ex­ist­ing an­i­mal feed pro­duc­tion in Be­larus and Rus­sia can­not meet the grow­ing de­mand of live­stock, poul­try and fish pro­duc­ers for high qual­ity and bal­anced feeds. This re­quires new ad­vanced so­lu­tions, tech­ni­cal up­grade of an­i­mal feed plants and ex­ten­sive re­search.

To this end, Be­larus and Rus­sia have come up with a Union State

In 2015, Be­larus is ex­pected to ex­port $7 bil­lion worth of farm pro­duce, up 2.5 times over this year’s tar­get. This is a very am­bi­tious task tak­ing into con­sid­er­a­tion that the agri­cul­tural ex­port is dom­i­nated by meat and dairy prod­ucts. Al­most 60% of Be­larus’ dairy prod­ucts and up to 40% of meat prod­ucts are sold abroad. There­fore, it is clear that Be­larus has to boost meat and dairy pro­duc­tion in or­der to meet this tar­get. This re­quires high qual­ity feeds. Rus­sia is fac­ing a sim­i­lar chal­lenge. Meet­ing do­mes­tic needs for high qual­ity meat and dairy prod­ucts and poul­try also ne­ces­si­tates pro­duc­ing lo­cal high qual­ity an­i­mal feeds.

pro­gram “De­vel­op­ment of promis­ing re­source sav­ing, eco-friendly tech­nolo­gies and equip­ment to pro­duce bi­o­log­i­cally bal­anced an­i­mal feeds (“An­i­mal Feeds”). The pro­gram was ap­proved at the ses­sion of the Union State Coun­cil of Min­is­ters in Moscow on 15 Au­gust.

This pro­gram was ini­ti­ated by agri­cul­tural sci­en­tists and min­istries of our coun­tries. Rus­sian and Be­laru­sian spe­cial­ists came to the con­clu­sion that we are fac­ing com­mon prob­lems and have com­mon views on mod­ern­iza­tion of our feed plants. There­fore, we could unite our ef­forts to ad­dress tech­ni­cal and tech­no­log­i­cal is­sues in feed pro­duc­tion, Di­rec­tor Gen­eral of the Sci­en­tific and Prac­ti­cal Cen­ter for Mech­a­niza­tion of Agri­cul­ture, Can­di­date of Sciences Vladimir Samosyuk said.

At present, the need for bi­o­log­i­cally bal­anced an­i­mal feeds in Rus­sia is es­ti­mated at 46 mil­lion tonnes per year, in Be­larus 7.5 mil­lion tonnes. How­ever, the feed plants of the two coun­tries pro­duce only about 29.2 mil­lion tonnes, in­clud­ing 4.7 mil­lion tonnes in Be­larus. The deficit in an­i­mal feeds is ob­vi­ous, to say noth­ing of their qual­ity and com­po­si­tion.

Other chal­lenges fac­ing the in­dus­try in­clude a deficit in pro­tein feed­stock, in­ad­e­quate pro­cess­ing of sec­ondary raw ma­te­ri­als and wastes of the food and agri­cul­tural in­dus­tries. The needs of the do­mes­tic feed pro­duc­tion sec­tor are met only by 60-65%; part of fod­der grain is fed to cat­tle with­out mak­ing any feed­ing plans, which leads to ex­cess con­sump­tion of feeds.

The an­i­mal feeds we pro­duce con­tain from 65% to 80% of fod­der grain, while in the U.S. the fig­ure stands at about 50% and in the de­vel­oped coun­tries of the Euro­pean Union at 38%. Nev­er­the­less, the meat and milk yield of an­i­mals fed to for­eign an­i­mal feeds is higher be­cause these feeds con­tain vari-

Af­ter ren­o­va­tions, Kletsk An­i­mal Feed

Mill can process grain with in­creased mois­ture con­tent. All prod­uct pa­ram­e­ters

are care­fully mon­i­tored by a top

notch lab­o­ra­tory

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