Im­por­tant Fac­tor of Geopol­i­tics

En­ergy ef­fec­tive­ness is an in­te­gral idea for the Eurasian Union

Economy of Belarus - - ENERGY EFFECTIVENESS - Sergei LOMOV, Can­di­date of Po­lit­i­cal Sci­ence

Break­through Po­ten­tial

One of the chal­lenges that are of di­rect prac­ti­cal value for us is the prospect of the BRIC coun­tries be­com­ing a cen­ter of eco­nomic and tech­no­log­i­cal ad­vance.

Prospects of Rus­sia, the en­gine of the lat­est in­te­gra­tion wave in the CIS space, are nat­u­rally of pri­mary im­por­tance.

In geopo­lit­i­cal sense the world is once again in a state of in­creased mo­bil­ity caused by a com­bi­na­tion of sev­eral pow­er­ful fac­tors. First, the eco­nomic cri­sis in “golden bil­lion” coun­tries con­tin­ues. It has al­ready put the de­vel­op­ment of new ap­proaches to the man­age­ment of the in­ter­na­tional econ­omy onto the agenda. New prin­ci­ples of or­ga­ni­za­tion of eco­nomic pro­cesses can­not but in­flu­ence other com­po­nents of the in­ter­na­tional ar­chi­tec­ture. Sec­ond, Africa and Mid­dle East with their strate­gic en­ergy and de­mog­ra­phy po­ten­tials have en­tered a pe­riod of so­cial and eco­nomic in­sta­bil­ity and po­lit­i­cal uncer­tainty. Third, the mi­gra­tion of cen­ters of eco­nomic power to the East con­tin­ues, the im­por­tance of the state of national so­cial, po­lit­i­cal and eco­nomic sys­tems in the BRIC coun­tries for global pro­cesses is on the rise. Fourth, al­beit slowly but ir­re­versibly the prob­lem of the avail­abil­ity of re­sources for the planet’s civ­i­liza­tion gets worse and worse. All of them cre­ate the space for pre­serv­ing old chal­lenges and form­ing new ones.

Pa­ram­e­ters of Rus­sia’s re­source po­ten­tial un­doubt­edly in­spire op­ti­mism among par­tic­i­pants of in­te­gra­tion pro­cesses in the CIS space (the Union State, the Cus­toms Union, the Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space, and the Eurasian Com­mu­nity). Nev­er­the­less, the very fact of the avail­abil­ity of con­sid­er­able strate­gic re­sources at present is in­suf­fi­cient for a fa­vor­able fore­cast.

At present the level of in­no­va­tion po­ten­tial and the ef­fec­tive­ness of its as­sim­i­la­tion in prac­tice are an im­por­tant com­pe­ti­tion re­source. There is a lot of lee­way for com­bin­ing ad­van­tages of the present pe­riod (a pow­er­ful tra­di­tional en­ergy in­dus­try) and fu­ture key fac­tors, pri­mar­ily the cre­ation of a sta­ble en­ergy in­dus­try that will not de­pend on non-re­new­able re­sources.

It seems that it is the sphere of en­ergy sav­ing where we have a po­ten­tial for a con­sid­er­able break­through of in­te­gra­tion as­so­ci­a­tions in the post-so­viet space in the in­ter­na­tional for­mat. It can be tapped into by wrap­ping in­te­gra­tion around the con­cept of sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment on the ba­sis of the de­vel­op­ment of cut­ting-edge tech­nolo­gies, in­clud­ing the adap­ta­tion of bor­rowed so­lu­tions (a tech­no­log­i­cal autarchy is not sug­gested).

It is as­sumed that nat­u­rally the present en­ergy lead­ers in the in­ter­na­tional for­mat – Rus­sia and Kaza­khstan – will be able to keep their sig­nif­i­cant po­si­tions in the fu­ture. But to make it hap­pen, they will have to be­come global lead­ers in en­ergy ef­fec­tive­ness im­prove­ment, too.

There are ex­am­ples of suc­cess­ful im­ple­men­ta­tion of the strat­egy “from the en­ergy in­dus­try of the

The Brest garbage re­cy­cling fa­cil­ity built to Ger­man

tech­nol­ogy pro­duces bio­gas from solid waste and sewage

sludge

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