Important Factor of Geopolitics
Energy effectiveness is an integral idea for the Eurasian Union
One of the challenges that are of direct practical value for us is the prospect of the BRIC countries becoming a center of economic and technological advance.
Prospects of Russia, the engine of the latest integration wave in the CIS space, are naturally of primary importance.
In geopolitical sense the world is once again in a state of increased mobility caused by a combination of several powerful factors. First, the economic crisis in “golden billion” countries continues. It has already put the development of new approaches to the management of the international economy onto the agenda. New principles of organization of economic processes cannot but influence other components of the international architecture. Second, Africa and Middle East with their strategic energy and demography potentials have entered a period of social and economic instability and political uncertainty. Third, the migration of centers of economic power to the East continues, the importance of the state of national social, political and economic systems in the BRIC countries for global processes is on the rise. Fourth, albeit slowly but irreversibly the problem of the availability of resources for the planet’s civilization gets worse and worse. All of them create the space for preserving old challenges and forming new ones.
Parameters of Russia’s resource potential undoubtedly inspire optimism among participants of integration processes in the CIS space (the Union State, the Customs Union, the Single Economic Space, and the Eurasian Community). Nevertheless, the very fact of the availability of considerable strategic resources at present is insufficient for a favorable forecast.
At present the level of innovation potential and the effectiveness of its assimilation in practice are an important competition resource. There is a lot of leeway for combining advantages of the present period (a powerful traditional energy industry) and future key factors, primarily the creation of a stable energy industry that will not depend on non-renewable resources.
It seems that it is the sphere of energy saving where we have a potential for a considerable breakthrough of integration associations in the post-soviet space in the international format. It can be tapped into by wrapping integration around the concept of sustainable development on the basis of the development of cutting-edge technologies, including the adaptation of borrowed solutions (a technological autarchy is not suggested).
It is assumed that naturally the present energy leaders in the international format – Russia and Kazakhstan – will be able to keep their significant positions in the future. But to make it happen, they will have to become global leaders in energy effectiveness improvement, too.
There are examples of successful implementation of the strategy “from the energy industry of the
The Brest garbage recycling facility built to German
technology produces biogas from solid waste and sewage