Sell­ing Skills

By 2015 Be­larus’ high-tech ex­ports are ex­pected to ap­proach $8 bil­lion

Economy of Belarus - - CONTENTS -

By 2015 Be­larus’ high-tech ex­ports are ex­pected to ap­proach $8 bil­lion

In­tel­lect and in­no­va­tions should be­come the ma­jor driv­ing force be­hind Be­larus’ eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment to coun­ter­bal­ance the lack of nat­u­ral re­sources. The in­no­va­tion po­ten­tial can gen­er­ate dozens of bil­lions of dol­lars ev­ery year, but so far it is not used in full. Will Be­larus be able to be­come an in­no­va­tive coun­try, will do­mes­tic in­no­va­tions be ef­fi­cient, what break­through sci-tech projects will be im­ple­mented in the near fu­ture and will Be­laru­sian sci­en­tists and busi­ness­men be able to make money from in­no­va­tive so­lu­tions? These and other ques­tions have been ad­dressed to Chair­man of the State Com­mit­tee for Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy Igor VOITOV.

Mr Voitov, last year Be­larus launched a new in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment pro­gram to cover the next five years. What would you say about the first re­sults of the pro­gram?

In 2011, the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the 24 key projects re­sulted in the com­mis­sion­ing of new in­no­va­tive and im­port-sub­sti­tut­ing com­pa­nies and pro­duc­tion fa­cil­i­ties. Most of these projects deal with pro­duc­tion and sale of high qual­ity im­port sub­sti­tut­ing prod­ucts on the do­mes­tic and for­eign mar­ket. This is de­signed to re­duce im­port and im­prove the for­eign trade bal­ance. In a bid to en­hance the com­pet­i­tive­ness of do­mes­tic prod­ucts we in­tro­duced cut­ting-edge tech­nolo­gies and equip­ment and used our own re­sources.

For ex­am­ple, the En­ergy Min­istry com­mis­sioned a CCGT at Minsk CHPP No. 5. This is ex­pected to save about 200,000 tonnes of fuel equiv­a­lent per year and halve the deficit of en­ergy re­sources in the re­gion. Belles­bumprom Con­cern com­pleted the tech­ni­cal up­grade and ren­o­va­tion of the Spar­tak pa­per mill in­creas­ing the raw ma­te­ri­als con­ver­sion rate to 100%. The Ar­chi­tec­ture and Con­struc­tion Min­istry up­graded the Svet­l­o­gorsk house-build­ing fac­tory. The fac­tory com­mis­sioned a new batch­ing plant and a tech­no­log­i­cal line pro­duc­ing floor slabs, ex­te­rior and in­te­rior wall pan­els. In line with the space en­gi­neer­ing pro­gram, the State De­fense In­dus­tries Com­mit­tee fin­ished the con­struc­tion of a unit to pro­duce and test spe­cial de­vices used in space­craft and ground track­ing sta­tions.

Bel­neftekhim Con­cern im­ple­mented a se­ries of in­no­va­tive projects, in­clud­ing projects to pro­duce a high-oc­tane num­ber com­po­nent to im­prove the qual­ity of gaso­line and bring it in com­pli­ance with Euro­pean en­vi­ron­men­tal stan­dards. Other projects of Bel­neftekhim Con­cern in­cluded the con­struc­tion of a diesel hy­drotreater, pro­duc­tion of diesel fuel with low sul­phur con­tent and other prop­er­ties re­quired by the Euro-5 stan­dard.

I would like to men­tion some re­mark­able projects in the high­tech field. A Be­larus-in­dia train­ing cen­ter has opened at the High-

Tech Park. The cen­ter will train highly qual­i­fied IT spe­cial­ists and en­hance qual­i­fi­ca­tions of the staff of IT de­part­ments. The in­fra­struc­ture of the cen­ter in­cludes a lab­o­ra­tory in the High-tech Park and four re­gional train­ing cen­ters at the uni­ver­si­ties of Gomel, Vitebsk, Grodno and Brest. All the five cen­ters make a sin­gle ed­u­ca­tional com­plex and com­mu­ni­cate via video­con­fer­enc­ing. The cen­ter boasts lead­ing teach­ers from Be­larus, In­dia and other coun­tries, spe­cial­ists of ma­jor IT com­pa­nies, ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions and re­search cen­ters.

We have done a lot to im­prove the le­gal frame­work for re­search and in­no­va­tions. Last year, the House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the Na­tional Assem­bly of Be­larus passed draft laws “Con­cern­ing the state in­no­va­tive pol­icy and in­no­va­tive ac­tiv­ity of the Repub­lic of Be­larus” and “Con­cern­ing amend­ments and ad­di­tions to some laws of the Repub­lic of Be­larus deal­ing with the state in­no­va­tive pol­icy and in­no­va­tive ac­tiv­ity”, a new ver­sion of the law “Con­cern­ing copy­right and re­lated rights”. The Pres­i­dent has passed a de­cree “Con­cern­ing mea­sures to en­hance the ef­fi­ciency of us­ing in­tel­lec­tual prop­erty items”.

Amend­ments and ad­di­tions have been in­tro­duced to the Tax Code to pro­vide ex­emp­tions from in­come tax, land tax and real es­tate tax for in­no­va­tors, in­no­va­tive and high­tech prod­ucts. The State Com­mit­tee for Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy is cur­rently work­ing on the de­cree “Con­cern­ing the for­ma­tion of the list of in­no­va­tive prod­ucts”, res­o­lu­tion of the Coun­cil of Min­is­ters on the mea­sures to en­force this de­cree and res­o­lu­tion of the Coun­cil of Min­is­ters “Con­cern­ing the ap­proval of the list of high-tech prod­ucts of the Repub­lic of Be­larus.”

These are only the first steps to­wards the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the new in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment pro­gram. It is ex­pected to help put the na­tional econ­omy on the tracks of in­ten­sive de­vel­op­ment. By the end of 2015, the share of in­no­va­tion-ac­tive or­ga­ni­za­tions is pro­jected to make up at least 40%. Do­mes­tic spend­ing on re­search and de­vel­op­ment will in­crease to 2.5-2.9% of GDP. Ex­ports of knowl­edge-in­ten­sive and high-tech prod­ucts are to reach $7.9 bil­lion. Our coun­try could be among the most com­pet­i­tive coun­tries of the world.

It seems that we are off to a good start in in­no­va­tion de­vel­op­ment.what­pro­por­tion of the world mar­ket of high­tech­nol­ogy prod­ucts and ser­vices Be­larus may take up in the fu­ture? What needs to be done to en­hance the in­ter­est of for­eign cus­tomers in Be­larus-made high-tech and knowl­edge-in­ten­sive prod­ucts?

This in­ter­est can be pro­moted on the ba­sis of a strat­egy of re­gional ori­en­ta­tion. It is aimed at search­ing for con­sumers in de­vel­op­ing coun­tries, South-east Asia, the mar­kets of the Euro­pean Union,

in­clud­ing through co­op­er­a­tion with the Baltic coun­tries, and in Latin Amer­ica. We also need to main­tain and strengthen our pres­ence in the tra­di­tional mar­kets. The main thing for do­mes­tic man­u­fac­tur­ers is to im­prove con­sumer qual­i­ties of prod­ucts, sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy in­di­ca­tors, to get them on par with world-class prod­ucts.

To be more at­trac­tive to con­sumers, we need to pur­sue a flex­i­ble price pol­icy, make a greater use of mod­ern forms of pay­ment (credit, leas­ing), make sure that prod­ucts com­ply with de­clared qual­ity and tech­ni­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics, and meet in­di­vid­ual re­quire­ments of for­eign clients. To pro­mote our prod­ucts abroad we need to have a well-de­vel­oped com­mod­ity dis­tri­bu­tion net­work and ser­vice cen­ters, pro­vide com­pa­nies with fi­nan­cial in­cen­tives to boost ex­ports and em­ploy highly pro­fes­sional and driven mar­ket­ing spe­cial­ists to search for for­eign part­ners, pre­pare pre­sen­ta­tion ma­te­ri­als and com­mer­cial pro­pos­als, de­sign web­sites, es­pe­cially in for­eign lan­guages, and run promo cam­paigns.

When work­ing with for­eign com­pa­nies we should not for­get about the prin­ci­ples of a com­pet­i­tive en­vi­ron­ment. This means that Be­laru­sian pro­duc­ers need to be prompt in re­plac­ing poor qual­ity prod­ucts and pro­vid­ing spare parts, meet­ing con­trac­tual terms and con­di­tions of sup­ply, re­spond­ing to com­mer­cial re­quests, ad­dress­ing counter pro­pos­als from for­eign part­ners.

If all of these con­di­tions are met, Be­larus will be able to max­i­mize its share on the world mar­ket of high­tech prod­ucts and ser­vices.

Be­larus aims to cre­ate a knowl­edge-based econ­omy, em­pha­siz­ing an im­por­tant role of busi­ness in in­no­va­tive ac­tiv­i­ties. Can we ex­pect the emer­gence of new in­cen­tives for that in the near fu­ture?

Busi­ness will step up its in­no­va­tive ac­tiv­i­ties, first of all through the de­vel­op­ment of public-pri­vate part­ner­ship, in­no­va­tive in­fra­struc­ture, small and medium-sized en­ter­prises. Equal op­por­tu­ni­ties will be pro­vided for the public and pri­vate sec­tors.

Se­ri­ous steps to stim­u­late in­no­va­tion have al­ready been taken in Be­larus. New in­cen­tives will be pro­vided in the near fu­ture. To en­cour­age in­no­va­tive projects of small busi­ness, in 2012 the State Com­mit­tee for Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy) will ap­pro- pri­ate fi­nance to be al­lo­cated by the Be­laru­sian In­no­va­tion Fund to sup­port projects of pri­vate com­pa­nies. In 2012, it should be at least 25% of the to­tal project fund­ing.

The Be­laru­sian In­no­va­tion Fund is ex­pected to trans­form into a joint stock com­pany with the func­tions of ven­ture fund­ing. This will al­low the Fund to sup­port ven­ture cap­i­tal projects, pri­mar­ily of pri­vate en­ter­prises, raise the money of pri­vate in­vestors for these projects and funds from ven­ture cap­i­tal or­ga­ni­za­tions for co-fi­nanc­ing.

Busi­ness an­gels and ven­ture in­vestors net­work BAVIN will be in­volved in the de­vel­op­ment of in­no­va­tive projects, in­clud­ing the prepa­ra­tion of le­gal frame­work on ven­ture fi­nanc­ing. We ex­pect that a num­ber of projects sup­ported by BAVIN at the ini­tial level will be co-fi­nanced or fi­nanced by the Be­laru­sian In­no­va­tion Fund when they are in­tro­duced in the pro­duc­tion cy­cle. We also keep pro­mot­ing in­no­va­tive busi­ness in­fra­struc­ture.

In or­der to en­cour­age pri­vate com­pa­nies to par­take in sci-tech pro­grams, the Coun­cil of Min­is­ters will con­sider the draft de­cree of the Pres­i­dent which en­vis­ages the pos­si­bil­ity to pri­va­tize re­sults of sci­en­tific and tech­ni­cal pro­grams

(tech­nolo­gies, pa­tents, pro­duc­tion sam­ples, and other in­tel­lec­tual prop­erty), while the pri­vate com­pany in­volved in the pro­gram re­coups bud­get funds from the prime cost of prod­ucts within three years. This doc­u­ment was hailed by in­no­va­tive pri­vate com­pa­nies.

Pri­vate busi­ness is ex­pected to play a more ac­tive part in in­ter­state in­no­va­tive pro­grams of the Union State, the EURASEC, the CIS, joint pro­grams with Ukraine and other coun­tries. Pri­vate com­pa­nies will take part in the in­ter­state pro­grams to man­u­fac­ture equip­ment for oil and gas com­pa­nies, com­muter trans­port, road-build­ing, con­struc­tion, mu­nic­i­pal, snow-clean­ing equip­ment, etc.

Pro­pos­als on these pro­grams have been dis­cussed with the Per­ma­nent Com­mit­tee of the Union State, the EURASEC, the Min­istry of Ed­u­ca­tion and Sci­ence of Rus­sia, the State Agency for Sci­ence, In­no­va­tion and In­forma­ti­za­tion of Ukraine, heads of Be­laru­sian en­ter­prises.

As for the State Com­mit­tee for Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy, the com­po­si­tion of the SSTC public ad­vi­sory board is be­ing re­vised. There are plans to raise the num­ber of pri­vate busi­ness­men in the or­ga­ni­za­tion. The com­mit­tee and its branches are vig­or­ously co­op­er­at­ing with public as­so­ci­a­tions of en­trepreneurs. Spe­cial at­ten­tion is drawn to the par­tic­i­pa­tion of pri­vate com­pa­nies and busi­ness­men in the na­tional con­test of in­no­va­tive projects. Win­ners of the con­test will not only get prizes but will also have an op­por­tu­nity to at­tract po­ten­tial in­vestors to im­ple­ment projects. In­no­va­tions are im­pos­si­ble with­out in­vest­ments, in­clud­ing for­eign in­vest­ments. Are you plan­ning to en­cour­age more for­eign com­pa­nies to par­take in Be­laru­sian sci-tech projects?

In line with the na­tional in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment pro­gram, big in­no­va­tive projects will be im­ple­mented in Be­laru­sian in­for­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nolo­gies sec­tor, space ex­plo­ration, phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal in­dus­try, medicine, chem­i­cal and petro­chem­i­cal in­dus­try, en­ergy and en­ergy sav­ing, ma­chine-build­ing and met­al­lurgy, con­struc­tion in­dus­try.

Of course, we are plan­ning to im­ple­ment in­no­va­tive projects us­ing tech­nolo­gies and for­eign in­vest­ments of huge transna­tional com­pa­nies Huawei, Basf, Siemens, LTE, Nokia, Le­ica Geosys­tems AG, Fed­eral Sig­nal, Nav­is­tar, Jo­tun, Coomi, and oth­ers.

There are plans to set up joint ven­tures in Be­larus and abroad, in­clud­ing in Venezuela, China, Saudi Ara­bia, and other coun­tries. Be­larus has a num­ber of com­pa­nies which will en­sure the tran­si­tion to new tech­no­log­i­cal plat­forms and launch the man­u­fac­ture of new goods. The Be­larus-china in­dus­trial park will open up new pos­si­bil­i­ties for Be­larus in im­ple­men­ta­tion of large-scale in­no­va­tion projects. Has its de­vel­op­ment strat­egy been for­mu­lated al­ready? What sci­en­tific ar­eas will be in fo­cus?

The park will op­er­ate in such sec­tors as en­gi­neer­ing, fine chem­istry, bio­med­i­cine, ap­pli­ances and elec­tron­ics, and a num­ber of oth­ers. The CIS and Europe will be the main sales mar­kets for the park’s in­no­va­tive prod­ucts. The project is pro­vi­sion­ally es­ti­mated at $30 bil­lion. The park will oc­cupy the area of more than 80 square kilo­me­ters. The project will pro­vide new jobs, nec­es­sary in­fra­struc­ture both for the man­u­fac­tur­ing process and accommodation of the per­son­nel. Chi­nese as well as Euro­pean busi­ness is ex­pected to be present in the park.

A joint man­age­ment com­pany will be set up to de­velop the in­dus­trial park. Its co­founders will be China CAMC En­gi­neer­ing Com­pany and the man­age­ment com­pany of the Hor­i­zont hold­ing com­pany. The lat­ter will sup­port the im­ple­men­ta­tion of in­vest­ment projects, pro­vide con­sult­ing, le­gal, mar­ket­ing ser­vices to in­vestors and will also help de­velop the doc­u­ments nec­es­sary for the im­ple­men­ta­tion of projects.

Any com­pany keen on set­ting up and de­vel­op­ing busi­nesses in the Cus­toms Union might join the park. Res­i­dents get pref­er­ences and start­ing priv­i­leges. The rel­e­vant pres­i­den­tial de­cree has been pre­pared and co­or­di­nated with all gov­ern­men­tal stake­hold­ers. Un­der the doc­u­ment, such com­pa­nies en­joy a 10-year pref­er­en­tial regime. Up to 2017 they will be ex­empted from all taxes. Af­ter that they pay taxes at a 50% dis­count for five more years. At the end of a ten-year pe­riod, newly reg­is­tered res­i­dents are ex­empted from taxes within three years. They pay taxes at a 50% dis­count for three

more years. So, the whole pref­er­en­tial regime makes up 30 years.

I would like to tell you about an­other ad­van­tage of work­ing in the park in what re­gards ad­min­is­tra­tive pro­ce­dures. The ad­min­is­tra­tion of the in­dus­trial park will be op­er­at­ing as a “one stop shop” where all nec­es­sary per­mits for do­ing busi­ness, for de­sign­ing and con­struc­tion works and other ex­pert analy­ses can be re­ceived.

To­day the phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal in­dus­try ex­pects higher ef­fi­ciency from the Be­laru­sian sci­ence. There are plans to set up Bel­bi­ograd in or­der to bring the na­tional in­dus­try onto a new level. What is your out­look for such a com­pany? Does the project en­vis­age in­volve­ment of large for­eign in­vestors?

In line with the strat­egy, Bel­bi­ograd is a mul­ti­func­tional scitech park spe­cial­iz­ing in phar­macy, nano and biotech­nolo­gies, se­cur­ing high com­pet­i­tive abil­ity for Be­laru­sian prod­ucts on the for­eign and do­mes­tic mar­ket of nanobio­phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal goods.

The project is aimed, in par­tic­u­lar, at cre­ation of fa­vor­able in­sti­tu­tional en­vi­ron­ment and at­trac­tion of strate­gic in­vestors from the EU, Rus­sia, China, In­dia, Cuba and other coun­tries to im­ple­ment in­no­va­tion projects, pro­vide large-scale trans­fer of knowl­edge and tech­nolo­gies in phar­ma­ceu­tics, nano and biotech­nolo­gies, mi­cro and nano equip­ment from over­seas. The project will help strengthen Be­larus’ ex­port po­ten­tial, pro­mote a well-de­vel­oped in­no­va­tive in­fra­struc­ture in nano and biotech­nolo­gies, de­velop and ex­pand Be­larus’ nan­otech­nol­ogy net­work.

The project is also ex­pected to en­cour­age na­tional re­search in phar­ma­ceu­tics, nano and biotech­nolo­gies, mi­cro and nano equip­ment, boost pro­duc­tion net­work co­op­er­a­tion be­tween ed­u­ca­tional, sci­en­tific, health­care in­sti­tu­tions and the real econ­omy in trans­fer and com­mer­cial­iza­tion of in­no­va­tions in the above­men­tioned fields.

It would be dif­fi­cult to imag­ine present-day sci­ence with­out risks. Ven­ture cap­i­tal fi­nanc­ing which gives sci­en­tists an op­por­tu­nity to im­ple­ment unique yet risky projects might be seen as a safety net in this case. Is the coun­try go­ing to change its ap­proach to ven­ture ac­tiv­i­ties?

In its rec­om­men­da­tions the UNECE ex­am­ines Be­larus’ in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment is­sues. It also of­fers the def­i­ni­tion of “risk” in gov­ern­ment-spon­sored sci­en­tific re­search. For­eign prac­tices show that in­tro­duc­tion of a ven­ture cap­i­tal fi­nanc­ing mech­a­nism is an ef­fi­cient way to ad­dress many of the rel­e­vant is­sues. The use of the mech­a­nism in Be­larus is reg­u­lated by Pres­i­dent’s De­cree No.252 of 25 March 2010 as well as by the draft law “Con­cern­ing the gov­ern­ment in­no­va­tive pol­icy and in­no­va­tion ac­tiv­ity in the Repub­lic of Be­larus”.

Spe­cial nor­ma­tive and ed­u­ca­tional ma­te­ri­als are de­vel­oped for ven­ture projects fi­nanced by the Be­laru­sian In­no­va­tion Fund. Ties are es­tab­lished with pri­vate ven­ture NGOS in­side the coun­try and abroad.

By the way, in Fe­bru­ary 2011 the Be­laru­sian In­no­va­tion Fund signed an agree­ment with KBTEM-OMO to de­velop main­te­nance equip­ment for maskworks EM-5131. This prod­uct be­longs to the fifth tech­no­log­i­cal par­a­digm. The par­ity of prices for do­mes­tic and for­eign goods of the kind lets the com­pany reach prof­itabil­ity of 30% and more. The prod­uct has al­ready at­tracted in­ter­est of 10 for­eign com­pa­nies in­clud­ing in Rus­sia, Korea, China and Ger­many.

Last year the Be­laru­sian In­no­va­tion Fund re­ceived ap­pli­ca­tion pa­pers for a num­ber of other ven­ture projects. For in­stance, In­ter­caps was look­ing into the pro­duc­tion of phar­ma­ceu­tics un­der the Equa­tor trade­mark at the Min­skin­ter­caps com­pany. This should be a joint project with Hun­gar­ian and Slo­vak part­ners. The project, how­ever, was post­poned due to the re­or­ga­ni­za­tion of the Bel­bio­pharm con­cern. To­day the project has been re­sumed in the field of cell tech­nolo­gies to­gether with a Rus­sian part­ner.

In 2011 a de­cree was drafted to fur­ther de­velop the ven­ture cap­i­tal fi­nanc­ing mech­a­nism. The Pres­i­dent sup­ported a pro­posal to set up a joint Rus­sian-kaza­khstaniBe­laru­sian ven­ture fund in the EURASEC. The fund will fo­cus on in­no­va­tive projects for the ben­e­fit of the three coun­tries.

Are there any plans to pol­ish the leg­is­la­tion to en­cour­age de­sign and pro­duc­tion of in­no­va­tive so­lu­tions?

Of course. The State Com­mit­tee for Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy has pre­pared a big pack­age of pro­pos­als for draft reg­u­la­tory acts aimed at cre­ation of fa­vor­able con­di­tions for busi­ness ini­tia­tive and in­vest­ment ac­tiv­ity in Be­larus in 2012-2015. Among them are amend­ments and ad­di­tions into the law “Con­cern­ing the state sci-tech pol­icy” to pro­vide ad­di­tional tax con­ces­sions for or­ga­ni­za­tions en­gaged in in­no­va­tive ac­tiv­i­ties; amend­ments and ad­di­tions into the Civil Code to reg­u­late cus­tomer-per­former re­la­tions re­gard­ing the use of the re­sults of R&D, de­sign, ex­per­i­men­tal and tech­no­log­i­cal works; amend­ments into the Cus­toms Code of Be­larus of 4 Jan­uary 2007 to pro­vide pref­er­ences in cus­toms du­ties in the im­port of tech­no­log­i­cal equip­ment to Be­larus for or­ga­ni­za­tion and de­vel­op­ment of the in­no­va­tive in­fra­struc­ture.

We have also ini­ti­ated amend­ments and ad­di­tions to pres­i­den­tial de­cree No.1 of 3 Jan­uary 2007 “Con­cern­ing in­no­va­tive in­fra­struc­ture de­vel­op­ment” in a bid to broaden op­tions for ac­quir­ing the sta­tus of the res­i­dent of the technopark, grant the sub­jects of the in­no­va­tive in­fra­struc­ture the right to lease the floor space to non­res­i­dents pro­vid­ing they en­sure un­in­ter­rupted op­er­a­tion of the res­i­dents, ex­empt sub­jects of in­no­va­tive in­fra­struc­ture from the prop­erty and land taxes for three years.

Apart from that, we have come for­ward with a draft en­act­ment to amend pres­i­den­tial de­cree No. 631 of 23 Oc­to­ber 2006 “Con­cern­ing the struc­ture, func­tions and the num­ber of lo­cal ex­ec­u­tive and reg­u­la­tory per­son­nel”. The doc­u­ment will en­vis­age in­de­pen­dent struc­tural sub­di­vi­sions re­spon­si­ble for in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment within lo­cal ex­ec­u­tive and reg­u­la­tory bod­ies.

Ad­di­tional mea­sures will be adopted to stream­line in­tel­lec­tual prop­erty leg­is­la­tion. It will be har­mo­nized with the leg­is­la­tions of Be­larus’ main geopo­lit­i­cal and eco­nomic part­ners in­clud­ing within the rel­e­vant re­gional unions, in par- tic­u­lar, the WTO in­tel­lec­tual prop­erty agree­ment.

What op­por­tu­ni­ties does the Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space open up for Be­laru­sian sci­en­tists?

Here I can use the slo­gan “SESUnion State: To­gether, Not In­stead”. How­ever, Eurasian in­te­gra­tion fast­track de­vel­op­ment raises con­cerns on the Union State of Be­larus and Rus­sia blend­ing into the SES. The Pres­i­dent gave a very con­vic­tive an­swer: the Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space and the Cus­toms Union is far be­low the in­te­gra­tion level in the Union State.

Suf­fice it to say that Union State prac­tices were made use of as the le­gal frame­works of the Cus­toms Union and then of the Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space were de­vel­oped. Yet, the Union State project might melt into the SES if it loses mo­men­tum.

The Cus­toms Union and SES mem­ber states are har­mo­niz­ing their leg­is­la­tions in in­tel­lec­tual prop­erty pro­tec­tion, copy­right and trade­marks laws. The ef­fort will open up new prospects for coop- er­a­tion in the SES. The Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space mem­ber states will unite in­tel­lec­tual ef­forts, sci­en­tific and pro­duc­tion po­ten­tial un­der joint sci-tech, in­no­va­tive and in­vest­ment projects. This no doubt meets the in­ter­ests of Be­larus, Rus­sia, and Kaza­khstan. Im­ple­men­ta­tion of joint projects will help ad­dress both re­search, so­cial and eco­nomic is­sues of the three states.

To­day in­no­va­tive prod­ucts may move freely across the Cus­toms Union within the frame­work of dif­fer­ent projects. The de­vel­op­ment of the com­mon high tech­nol­ogy mar­ket in the Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space and later on in the Eurasian Eco­nomic Union will help re­duce trans­ac­tion costs and will of­fer new op­por­tu­ni­ties for tech­no­log­i­cal de­vel­op­ment.

Re­moval of cus­toms bar­ri­ers will con­sid­er­ably ex­pand prospects for co­op­er­a­tion based on com­mon trade reg­u­la­tions and sin­gle prin­ci­ples in com­pe­ti­tion. Smooth ben­e­fi­cial op­er­a­tion of the Cus­toms Union will also de­pend on ad­di­tional tech­no­log­i­cal up­grade in or­der to in­crease the share of high-tech­nol­ogy goods in the mu­tual trade.

Pro­cess­ing depth

of raw ma­te­ri­als has dou­bled at the Spar­tak pa­per mill

af­ter the up­grade

By late 2015 the share of in­no­va­tion­ac­tive or­ga­ni­za­tions in the na­tional econ­omy will be at least 40%. Prime Min­is­ter of Be­larus Mikhail Myas­nikovich gets fa­mil­iar with promis­ing re­search prod­ucts of Be­laru­sian sci­en­tists dur­ing the Be­laru­sian In­no­va­tion Week

A Be­larus-in­dia train­ing cen­ter was opened at the High-tech Park.

It con­sists of a lab­o­ra­tory at the High-tech Park and four re­gional of­fices linked by video­con­fer­enc­ing

Belorus­neft opened Be­larus’ first gas sta­tion that em­ploys en­er­gysav­ing tech­nolo­gies in Gomel

Min­skin­ter­caps pro­duces a wide range of drugs and

vi­ta­min-min­eral com­plexes in hard and soft gelatin

cap­sules. The com­pany sells into

the CIS, the EU, and the Repub­lic of

Korea

The Yalina sub­crit­i­cal fa­cil­ity to ex­am­ine new­gen­er­a­tion nu­clear power in­stal­la­tions has been cre­ated at the En­ergy and Nu­clear Re­search In­sti­tute Sosny. Spe­cial­ists from 18 coun­tries were in­volved in the project

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