Atom En­ergy

Economy of Belarus - - FRONT PAGE -

Strate­gic In­stal­la­tion

Ev­ery­thing is ready for pour­ing the first lot of con­crete into the foun­da­tion of the nu­clear is­land at the Ostro­vets site where the first pow­er­gen­er­at­ing unit of the Be­laru­sian nu­clear power plant is sup­posed to be com­mis­sioned in as lit­tle as five years. While govern­ment of­fi­cials, ex­perts, and lawyers are busy wrap­ping up the last de­tails re­quired for the of­fi­cial launch of the Be­laru­sian nu­clear power plant con­struc­tion, which is one of the most im­por­tant al­lied in­vest­ment and en­ergy projects of Be­larus and Rus­sia, new units of the in­fra­struc­ture, en­gi­neer­ing, and man­u­fac­tur­ing base are com­mis­sioned in Ostro­vets one af­ter an­other. De­spite the colos­sal amount of work and im­pres­sive work pace the con­struc­tion com­pa­nies keep up with the tough­est qual­ity re­quire­ments and ob­serve the most rig­or­ous tech­no­log­i­cal dis­ci­pline. The fact has been con­firmed by mul­ti­ple in­spec­tions car­ried out by Be­laru­sian, Rus­sian, and for­eign nu­clear in­dus­try spe­cial­ists.

The Be­laru­sian nu­clear power plant will be built to the Rus­sian de­sign AES-2006, which fea­tures gen­er­a­tion III+ wa­ter-cooled power re­ac­tors. Rus­sian nu­clear sta­tions built around wa­ter-cooled power re­ac­tors are fully com­pli­ant with IAEA stan­dards and have proven their re­li­a­bil­ity by more than 1,500 re­ac­tor years of faultless op­er­a­tion.

Choos­ing part­ners for build­ing the nu­clear power plant, Be­larus looked into var­i­ous op­tions and chose the best one – the Rus­sian one. For­eign spe­cial­ists ad­mit that Rus­sia is un­par­al­leled in nu­clear power en­gi­neer­ing. It is Rus­sian nu­clear power sta­tion de­signs that have been rec­og­nized as the world’s most suc­cess­ful de­signs as far as safety, con­struc­tion and op­er­a­tion costs are con­cerned.

It is also im­por­tant that the Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion of­fers com­pre­hen­sive so­lu­tions to na­tions em­bark­ing upon the de­vel­op­ment of nu­clear power en­gi­neer­ing. In ad­di­tion to build­ing nu­clear power plants Rus­sia helps cre­ate the nec­es­sary leg­is­la­tion and draft national su­per­vi­sion bod­ies, helps train per­son­nel, and op­er­ate the sta­tion. Rus­sia sup­plies nu­clear fuel, helps process waste and de­com­mis­sion sta­tions. Ac­cord­ing to Sergei Kiriyenko, head of the state cor­po­ra­tion Rosatom, Rus­sia was the first coun­try to come up with a com­pletely in­te­grated process flow.

Apart from that, the Rus­sian side pro­vides Be­larus with about $10 bil­lion in loans for build­ing the nu­clear power plant. The state cor­po­ra­tion Bank for De­vel­op­ment and For­eign Eco­nomic Af­fairs (Vneshe­conom­bank, Rus­sia) and Bank BelVEB (Be­larus) are the banks in charge of ser­vic­ing the state loan.

The fact that the two al­lied na­tions, which are not di­vided by bor­ders and lan­guage bar­ri­ers, two Slavonic na­tions with com­mon po­lit­i­cal, de­fense, eco­nomic, sci­en­tific, and so­cial goals and in­ter­ests, will build the se­ri­ous strate­gic in­stal­la­tion is, be­yond a shadow of a doubt, a ma­jor plus.

For any coun­try the con­struc­tion of a nu­clear power plant goes be­yond en­vi­ron­men­tal con­sid­er­a­tions, the de­sire to cheapen elec­tric­ity, and the in­ten­tion to weaken the noose of un­sta­ble en­ergy prices. It goes to in­clude the tran­si­tion to a brand new level of de­vel­op­ment of the econ­omy, the pro­duc­tion sec­tor, science, in­for­ma­tion tech­nolo­gies, health­care, and ed­u­ca­tion. It is re­mark­able that even coun­tries with ex­ces­sive re­serves of hy­dro­car­bon raw ma­te­ri­als have ex­ten­sive pro­grams for the de­vel­op­ment of nu­clear en­ergy.

There­fore, state­ments that the Be­laru­sian nu­clear power plant will de­ter­mine the coun­try’s fu­ture for

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