Con­nec­tion With the Fu­ture

Economy of Belarus - - FRONT PAGE - Anna KOT

The for­ma­tion of an in­for­ma­tion so­ci­ety is one of Be­larus’ na­tional pri­or­i­ties. In 2015 Be­larus in­tends to be­come one of the top 30 coun­tries with a high level of de­vel­op­ment of in­for­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nolo­gies. A ma­jor step to reach the top 30 coun­tries has al­ready been made. The pen­e­tra­tion rate of mo­bile com­mu­ni­ca­tion and broad­band In­ter­net ac­cess in Be­larus ex­ceeds that in the majority of the CIS states. Tremen­dous work has been done to lib­er­al­ize the mar­ket of telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion ser­vices, switch to dig­i­tal tele­vi­sion, and cre­ate a dig­i­tal gov­ern­ment. More de­tails about the re­sults and tasks of the coun­try’s IT pro­mo­tion strat­egy are re­vealed in an in­ter­view of the Econ­omy of Be­larus Mag­a­zine with Be­laru­sian In­for­ma­tion Tech­nolo­gies and Com­mu­ni­ca­tions Min­is­ter Sergei POP­KOV.

In Jan­uary the new ver­sion of the law on telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions will come into force. What im­por­tant changes should the in­dus­try ex­pect?

There are quite many nov­el­ties. First of all, the doc­u­ment no longer spec­i­fies Bel­t­ele­com’s ex­clu­sive right to han­dle in­ter­na­tional traf­fic and to con­nect to for­eign telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion net­works. The term “na­tional telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion op­er­a­tor” has been scrapped, too.

This is why the In­for­ma­tion Tech­nolo­gies and Com­mu­ni­ca­tions Min­istry has been tasked with pro­vid­ing univer­sal telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion ser­vices in Be­larus. In­di­vid­ual telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion op­er­a­tors will be al­lowed to con­nect their telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion net­works to the pub­lic telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion net­work, han­dle in­ter­na­tional traf­fic and con­nect to for­eign telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion net­works.

The law spec­i­fies re­quire­ments for the sub­scriber in­for­ma­tion that telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion op­er­a­tors can keep. By sub­mit­ting an ap­pli­ca­tion sub­scribers will be able to dis­al­low the op­er­a­tor to use the data for the sake of pro­vid­ing in­for­ma­tion ser­vices. The law in­tro­duces the term “telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion ser­vices provider”. Such providers pur­sue ac­tiv­i­ties that do not re­quire a li­cense in the area of com­mu­ni­ca­tion.

The law also amends the rules reg­u­lat­ing the use of the ra­dio fre­quency spec­trum. Agen­cies have been cho­sen to take care of the rou­tine ad­min­is­tra­tion of the ra­dio fre­quency spec­trum. Their num­ber has in­creased, their au­thor­ity has been spec­i­fied and sys­tem­atized tak­ing into ac­count the func­tions they in­deed per­form. Pro­ce­dures to con­trol the use of emit­ting ra­dio elec­tronic de­vices and high­fre­quency de­vices in Be­larus have been spelled out, too.

On the whole, the re­vised ver­sion of the law will cre­ate the le­gal base to en­sure the in­tegrity and sta­ble op­er­a­tion of telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion net­works. It will cover traf­fic trans­mis­sion mat­ters and links be­tween telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion net­works, con­di­tions to foster the de­vel­op­ment of telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion ser­vices. It will also im­prove the state reg­u­la­tion and ad­min­is­tra­tion of the use of the ra­dio fre­quency spec­trum. The doc­u­ment is very lib­eral. It fol­lows in­ter­na­tional and na­tional trends in the de­vel­op­ment of telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions. No doubt the law will help ac­com­plish the tasks that have been set in ad­di­tion to ad­dress­ing un­re­solved prob­lems. It will be the foun­da­tion and the guar­an­tee of sta­ble, com­pet­i­tive, and prof­itable op­er­a­tion of telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion op­er­a­tors.

The cre­ation of a dig­i­tal gov­ern­ment is an im­por­tant con­di­tion for the coun­try’s in­forma­ti­za­tion. What com­po­nents are avail­able al­ready? What com­po­nents have yet to be de­vel­oped?

Over the last three years a num­ber of state in­for­ma­tion sys­tems and re­sources have been de­vel­oped and mod­ern­ized. We have cre­ated nearly all the ba­sic dig­i­tal gov­ern­ment com­po­nents, which are needed for in­ter­ac­tion be­tween gov­ern­ment agen­cies and for in­te­grat­ing in­for­ma­tion re­sources.

In par­tic­u­lar, the na­tion­wide data shar­ing sys­tem has been mod­ern­ized. It is now ready to of­fer com­pli­cated ser­vices on the ba­sis of in­te­grated in­for­ma­tion re­sources. The telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion in­fra­struc­ture of the Be­larus Pres­i­dent Ad­min­is­tra­tion, the Coun­cil of Min­is­ters, the cus­toms and bor­der ser­vices, other gov­ern­ment agen­cies, the Be­larus Pres­i­dent web­site has been up­graded. The sys­tem for in­tera­gency doc­u­ment man­age­ment on­the­ba­sisof au­ni­ver­sal­in­ter­ac­tion for­mat has been mod­ern­ized. It is now used to share data be­tween 117 cen­tral gov­ern­ment agen­cies and other or­ga­ni­za­tions. The sys­tem Mu­nic­i­pal Coun­cils of Deputies has been in­tro­duced in over 1,400 ru­ral and ur­ban ad­min­is­tra­tive ar­eas

For three years in a row the In­ter­na­tional Telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion Union has ranked Be­larus one of the top 10 economies with the most rapidly de­vel­op­ing in­di­ca­tors of in­for­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nolo­gies (ac­cess and us­age). In 2012 Be­larus gained five points in the rank­ing to reach the 41st po­si­tion and in the CIS re­gion it is only be­low the Rus­sian

Fed­er­a­tion (one po­si­tion up)

to al­low rou­tinely shar­ing dig­i­tal doc­u­ments by coun­cils of deputies of all lev­els.

Prepa­ra­tions are now un­der­way to launch the sec­ond phase of the soft­ware com­plex to pro­vide ad­min­is­tra­tive ser­vices to cit­i­zens us­ing one­stop prin­ci­ples in in­te­gra­tion with the na­tion­wide data shar­ing sys­tem. We are pre­par­ing to cre­ate a state dig­i­tal reg­is­ter of births, mar­riages, and deaths, a cen­tral­ized ar­chive, and a com­put­er­ized in­for­ma­tion sys­tem to unify the ac­cess of users to se­cure email ser­vices, to the in­tera­gency dig­i­tal doc­u­ment man­age­ment, and the univer­sal sys­tem to con­trol the ful­fill­ment of in­struc­tions of the Be­larus Pres­i­dent. Prepa­ra­tions have been launched to de­velop a web por­tal of the Na­tional Statis­tics Com­mit­tee of Be­larus that will pro­vide in­for­ma­tion to re­spon­dents of state statis­tics sur­veys. Spe­cial­ists are also get­ting ready to de­velop an in­for­ma­tion sys­tem to an­a­lyze crime rate and law en­force­ment ef­forts for the Pros­e­cu­tor Gen­eral’s Of­fice.

Tell us, please, about the in­tro­duc­tion of the in­te­grated ser­vices and pay­ments sys­tem, which is needed for iden­ti­fy­ing or­ga­ni­za­tions and cit­i­zens and for car­ry­ing out trans­ac­tions?

The sys­tem is in its in­fancy. The Pre­sid­ium of the Coun­cil of Min­is­ters has ap­proved the draft con­cept of the sys­tem. All the op­er­a­tions, in­clud­ing the im­ple­men­ta­tion and fi­nanc­ing, will be co­or­di­nated by the In­for­ma­tion Tech­nolo­gies and Com­mu­ni­ca­tions Min­istry. The Na­tional Cen­ter for Elec­tronic Ser­vices ( NCES) will op­er­ate the sys­tem.

The large­scale in­no­va­tive project re­lies on two fun­da­men­tal com­po­nents: the Be­laru­sian mi­cro­pro­ces­sor­based dig­i­tal card, which is be­ing de­vel­oped tak­ing into ac­count the in­ter­na­tional stan­dard EMV, and the univer­sal sys­tem for iden­ti­fy­ing nat­u­ral and le­gal per­sons. By the way, in par­al­lel with our project the In­te­rior Min­istry is work­ing to in­tro­duce iden­ti­fi­ca­tion pass­port cards also known as bio­met­ric pass­ports.

The cre­ation of the Be­laru­sian in­te­grated ser­vices and pay­ments sys­tem will en­able legally bind­ing dig­i­tal in­ter­ac­tion be­tween cit­i­zens, the state, and the pri­vate sec­tor. Tran­si­tion to fully func­tional cash­less pay­ments for com­modi­ties and ser­vices will be ac­com­plished.

The to­tal num­ber of mo­bile com­mu­ni­ca­tion sub­scribers in Be­larus has

reached 11.2 mil­lion, with the pen­e­tra­tion rate of 118.7 sub­scribers

per 100 res­i­dents

First, it will al­low re­duc­ing the ex­penses in­volved in us­ing cash. Sec­ond, it will change the cur­rent sit­u­a­tion: many plas­tic cards have been is­sued but most of them are used only to cash salaries in ATMs.

Apart from that, the project will al­low the state to col­lect up­to­date and re­li­able in­for­ma­tion in or­der to cal­cu­late sub­si­dies for so­cial ser­vice providers. It will also stream­line al­lowances and re­lated dis­burse­ments and hence re­duce ex­penses of the state bud­get. The prof­itabil­ity of pub­lic trans­port will be in­creased thanks to the more scrupu­lous reg­is­tra­tion of sub­si­dies and re­duced losses from free trav­els. On the whole, cit­i­zens will be given a con­ve­nient and univer­sal in­stru­ment to get so­cial ser­vices and ac­cess state in­for­ma­tion re­sources.

What are the plans re­gard­ing the de­vel­op­ment of the univer­sal web por­tal for pro­vid­ing state ser­vices?

Within the next 1­1.5 years the abil­ity to pro­vide dig­i­tal ser­vices to in­di­vid­u­als and cor­po­ra­tions will be greatly en­hanced thanks to the in­te­gra­tion of state in­for­ma­tion re­sources with the na­tion­wide data shar­ing sys­tem. Gov­ern­ment agen­cies and lo­cal au­thor­i­ties as well as the Minsk City Hall have

de­vel­oped pro­grams to in­tro­duce in­for­ma­tion tech­nolo­gies in eco­nomic sec­tors and re­gions in 2014­2015. Vir­tu­ally all the pro­grams en­vis­age the in­te­gra­tion of in­for­ma­tion re­sources and us­ing them to build univer­sal in­for­ma­tion space for eco­nomic sec­tors and re­gions. After that new dig­i­tal ser­vices will be cre­ated and will be avail­able from the univer­sal web por­tal of state ser­vices.

The tran­si­tion from ana­logue to dig­i­tal tele­vi­sion is another re­cent large-scale project for Be­larus. The work is near­ing com­ple­tion. What is left to do?

In­deed, within the frame­work of the gov­ern­ment pro­gram vig­or­ous work is in progress to de­velop aerial dig­i­tal tele­vi­sion us­ing the DVB­T stan­dard in or­der to im­prove the qual­ity of tele­vi­sion sig­nals and pro­vide the na­tion with the manda­tory uni­ver­sally avail­able pack­age of eight TV pro­grams and one sound pro­gram First Na­tional Chan­nel of the Be­laru­sian Ra­dio.

Since 2005 as many as 74 dig­i­tal tele­vi­sion trans­mit­ters have been com­mis­sioned to cover the area

where 97.51% of the na­tion lives. There are plans to raise the dig­i­tal tele­vi­sion cov­er­age area to 98.1% in 2014. As many as ten ra­dio and tele­vi­sion trans­mit­ting sta­tions are sup­posed to be built by the end of the year. Another seven sta­tions will be com­mis­sioned in 2015 to en­able the en­tire na­tion to re­ceive aerial dig­i­tal tele­vi­sion sig­nals.

The tran­si­tion to aerial dig­i­tal tele­vi­sion is part of the global prac­tice ne­ces­si­tated by in­ter na­tional com­mit­ments, in­clud­ing those of Be­larus. Ana­logue tele­vi­sion broad­cast­ing has to be stopped on 17 June 2015 at the lat­est. The phas­ing out of ana­logue tele­vi­sion will en­able the full­fledged de­vel­op­ment of the sec­ond pack­age of TV chan­nels, the third one, and more. It will also al­low in­tro­duc­ing new tech­nolo­gies. The tran­si­tion in Be­larus pro­ceeds grad­u­ally and will be com­pleted in May 2015.

For the sake of ex­pand­ing the choice of ser­vices and op­ti­miz­ing the tran­si­tion to the new tele­vi­sion for­mat, in­clud­ing by pro­vid­ing the nec­es­sary re­ceivers to users, since June 2013 Bel­t­ele­com has been of­fer­ing com­mer­cial aerial dig­i­tal tele­vi­sion ser­vices. A stan­dard TV pack­age of 18 popular TV chan­nels is avail­able in ad­di­tion to 17 ex­tra TV chan­nels, which are bun­dled into four in­ter­est­based pack­ages.

New data trans­fer op­por­tu­ni­ties will be brought about by the forth­com­ing launch of the 4G LTE mo­bile telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion net­work in Be­larus. When will it hap­pen? What ser­vices will the Be­laru­sians get?

In line with the in­vest­ment con­tract SOOO Be­laru­sian Cloud Tech­nolo­gies plans to launch the LTE net­work step by step. The net­work will go on­line in Minsk in 2015, in all the oblast cap­i­tals in 2015­2016, and in pop­u­lated lo­cal­i­ties where over 50,000 peo­ple live in 20162020.

Apart from con­ven­tional ser­vices such as video on de­mand, on­line tele­vi­sion and so on in real time at high speeds, the LTE tech­nol­ogy will al­low de­vel­op­ing brand new ser­vices.

For in­stance, a project to en­able the high­speed trans­fer of mul­ti­me­dia data (video, photo, sound) be­tween re­mote lo­cal­i­ties is be­ing de­vel­oped for the health­care in­dus­try. The project will al­low shar­ing re­sults of med­i­cal tests in real time, con­sult­ing with top medics and even car­ry­ing out surg­eries.

The same abil­i­ties will be granted to sim­i­lar projects in the area of ed­u­ca­tion, man­age­ment of mu­nic­i­pal ser­vices, trans­port and many other things.

Are there rea­sons to be­lieve the cost of in­ternet­work calls will be re­duced due to the lib­er­al­iza­tion of the telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion mar­ket?

In­ternet­work calls in mo­bile telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion net­works are not reg­u­lated by the state. The prices are free and are set by ev­ery mo­bile car­rier in­de­pen­dently. The mo­bile car­ri­ers are guided by their pric­ing poli­cies, which, as a rule, of­fers a num­ber of pref­er­en­tial op­tions, in­clud­ing non­price ones. The lat­ter in­clude fa­vorite num­bers, bun­dled min­utes, and bun­dled In­ter­net traf­fic.

De­pend­ing on the tech­nol­ogy used to pro­vide ser­vices, the cost of in­ternet­work calls may in­clude fees col­lected for us­ing the net­work of the land­line op­er­a­tor (tran­sit fee), which ac­count for about 15% of the price for call­ing num­bers of other mo­bile car­ri­ers.

As of 2014 Bel­t­ele­com is not the only company to han­dle phone traf­fic. The ser­vice is also avail­able from other telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion op­er­a­tors – the Na­tional Traf­fic Ex­change Cen­ter and SOOO Be­laru­sian Cloud Tech­nolo­gies.

Tougher com­pe­ti­tion in this field in the fu­ture may en­cour­age mo­bile car­ri­ers to re­duce prices for in­ternet­work calls.

Are in­ter­na­tional calls go­ing to be cheaper? It was re­ported in April that a work­ing group will be set up to re­duce the cost of roam­ing in the Cus­toms Union and the Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space.

The cost of in­ter­na­tional calls and roam­ing rates are also reg­u­lated by telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion op­er­a­tors on their own tak­ing into ac­count the ex­penses they bear as well as the money paid to in­ter­na­tional telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion op­er­a­tors, with the rates set by in­ter­na­tional con­tracts. Tak­ing into ac­count that for­eign cur­rency is in­volved, the rates may be re­duced only if telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion op­er­a­tors in the Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space come to a mu­tual agree­ment.

I would like to note that the le­gal dec­la­ra­tion of lower roam­ing charges in the Euro­pean Union was pre­ceded by ex­ten­sive stepby­step prepa­ra­tions. A num­ber of di­rec­tives to reg­u­late le­gal re­la­tions and rates were adopted.

The In­for­ma­tion Tech­nolo­gies and Com­mu­ni­ca­tions Min­istry ap­proves of the in­ten­tion of the Eurasian Eco­nomic Com­mis­sion to re­duce roam­ing rates and deems it nec­es­sary to study all the pos­si­ble ways to re­duce the rates tak­ing into ac­count ge­o­graph­i­cal and reg­u­la­tory dif­fer­ences in ev­ery Sin­gle Eco­nomic Space mem­ber state.

Apart from that, within the frame­work of the Re­gional Com­mon­wealth in the Field of Com­mu­ni­ca­tions the Min­istry has taken part in pre­par­ing the draft dec­la­ra­tion on mo­bile com­mu­ni­ca­tion in­ternet­work pric­ing in the CIS states. The dec­la­ra­tion was for­warded to the CIS Ex­ec­u­tive Com­mit­tee in 2013. The work­ing group on pric­ing pol­icy of the Re­gional Com­mon­wealth in the Field of Com­mu­ni­ca­tions also in­cludes rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the Be­laru­sian In­for­ma­tion Tech­nolo­gies and Com­mu­ni­ca­tions Min­istry.

De­spite rather im­pres­sive re­sults in pro­mot­ing In­ter­net ac­cess in Be­larus peo­ple some­times com­plain of prices and down­load speeds of the avail­able In­ter­net pack­ages. Do you think th­ese com­plaints are jus­ti­fied?

See for your­selves. A wide choice of In­ter­net ac­cess plans tar­get­ing peo­ple with dif­fer­ent needs and dif­fer­ent bud­gets is avail­able on the mar­ket. Be­laru­sians are of­fered 24/7 In­ter­net ac­cess with­out traf­fic

re­stric­tions, pre­paid traf­fic plans, broad­band In­ter­net ac­cess via op­ti­cal net­works with­out traf­fic re­stric­tions, so­cial In­ter­net ac­cess plans for the least pro­tected users.

For a num­ber of years apart from de­vel­op­ing their net­works Be­laru­sian telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion op­er­a­tors have been work­ing to re­duce In­ter­net prices or change the con­tent of the In­ter­net pack­ages in or­der to of­fer more traf­fic, higher speeds with­out chang­ing the prices.

For in­stance, as of 1 Septem­ber 2007 one of the most popular In­ter­net ac­cess plans Do­mosed from Bel­t­ele­com of­fered In­ter­net ac­cess at 128/128kbps for Br133,000. As of 20 Au­gust 2014 the price was Br70,375 ($6.8) while the speed was 1024/512kbps. If we look at the old price for In­ter­net ac­cess at 1Mbps and the new one, the price has dropped by 17 times.

For the sake of com­par­i­son I can say that in Au­gust 2014 prices for In­ter­net ac­cess at 2Mbps av­er­aged $16.3 in Kaza­khstan, $3.8­9.1 in Ukraine, $9.6 in Moldova, and $11.6 in Rus­sia.

Tak­ing into ac­count the ad­vent of new tech­nolo­gies the mar­ket of wired ADSL­based ac­cess (with the down­load speed up to 8Mbps) is grad­u­ally mov­ing away from cop­per wires to op­ti­cal ca­bles (with the down­load speed of over 10Mbps). Op­ti­cal ca­bles en­able high data trans­fer speeds for im­ple­ment­ing mod­ern ser­vices. Bel­t­ele­com also fo­cuses on pro­vid­ing high­speed In­ter­net ac­cess us­ing the op­ti­cal GPON tech­nol­ogy, reg­u­larly re­new­ing and im­prov­ing the choice of In­ter­net plans and of­fer­ing a sys­tem of dis­counts.

For the sake of ad­dress­ing is­sues with re­gard to con­trol of the qual­ity of telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion ser­vices, re­la­tions be­tween telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion op­er­a­tors and sub­scribers in 2013, the Coun­cil of Min­is­ters passed an ex­ec­u­tive or­der to amend the telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion rules. The rules now re­quire con­tracts to spec­ify qual­ity pa­ram­e­ters of broad­band In­ter­net ac­cess ser­vices. Telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion op­er­a­tors are sup­posed to con­stantly con­trol th­ese pa­ram­e­ters and keep sub­scribers in­formed via rel­e­vant web­sites.

As many as 5.6 mil­lion mo­bile com­mu­ni­ca­tion sub­scribers use wire­less ac­cess to the In­ter­net

A spe­cial­ized web­site has been de­ployed to al­low sub­scribers to eval­u­ate the qual­ity of In­ter­net ac­cess ser­vices in line with the qual­ity pa­ram­e­ters spec­i­fied by their con­tracts. If nec­es­sary, sub­scribers can get a state­ment from ex­perts. The state­ment will be used by com­pe­tent au­thor­i­ties to de­cide whether or not the par­ties to the con­tract ful­fill terms of the con­tract.

What are the fu­ture plans re­gard­ing Wi-Fi de­vel­op­ment? Are we get­ting free Wi-Fi in air­ports, rail­way sta­tions, ho­tels the way it is done abroad?

Bel­t­ele­com has al­ready de­ployed over 260,000 Wi­Fi ac­cess points. By 2016 their num­ber is to reach 400,000. There are also plans to pro­vide in­di­vid­ual Wi­Fi sub­nets (SSID) to le­gal per­sons.

As far as free Wi­Fi is con­cerned, it can be free only for end users. How­ever, the In­ter­net ser­vice provider or another le­gal per­son that pro­vides the ser­vice will still have to pay for it.

For in­stance, at present some of the ho­tels, where Bel­t­ele­com’s Wi­Fi ac­cess points are in­stalled, of­fer free Wi­Fi to their clients. The ho­tels pay for user names and pass­words. It is pos­si­ble that ad­ver­tis­ers may be will­ing to pay for In­ter­net ac­cess for end users after the users have watched an ad­ver­tis­ing video.

By the end of 2015 Be­larus in­tends to be­come one of the top 30 coun­tries with the best de­vel­oped in­for­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nolo­gies. What has yet to be done to achieve this goal?

Ac­cord­ing to the lat­est data re­vealed by the United Na­tions E­Gov­ern­ment Survey 2014: E­Gov­ern­ment for the Fu­ture We Want in late June 2014, Be­larus ranked 55th out of 193 coun­tries as far as the readi­ness for dig­i­tal gov­ern­ment is con­cerned. A sim­i­lar rank­ing pub­lished in 2012 placed Be­larus at the 61st po­si­tion.

On the ba­sis of the ex­pe­ri­ence of the coun­tries with ad­vanced in­for­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nolo­gies, in par­tic­u­lar, dig­i­tal gov­ern­ment, the In­for­ma­tion Tech­nolo­gies and Com­mu­ni­ca­tions Min­istry in­tends to se­cure mass tran­si­tion to ad­min­is­tra­tive pro­ce­dures and other dig­i­tal ser­vices via trans­ac­tions and in­ter­ac­tion. There are plans to de­velop dig­i­tal democ­racy for the sake of en­abling wide pop­u­la­tion strata to in­ter­ac­tively par­tic­i­pate in the prepa­ra­tion, anal­y­sis, dis­cus­sions of draft reg­u­la­tions, to help gov­ern­ment agen­cies in dan­ger­ous sit­u­a­tions. Pre­req­ui­sites will be cre­ated to bring about open data that will al­low ev­ery­one con­cerned to get ac­cess to a broad range of in­for­ma­tion from gov­ern­ment agen­cies and the en­ter­prises and or­ga­ni­za­tions they run for the sake of us­ing the in­for­ma­tion freely for any le­gal pur­poses, in­clud­ing the pro­vi­sion of dig­i­tal ser­vices of their own.

In the long term ac­tions in sev­eral ar­eas will need to be taken. The cre­ation and de­vel­op­ment of the dig­i­tal gov­ern­ment is at the top of the list. The dig­i­tal gov­ern­ment will se­cure the open­ness of the court sys­tem, the avail­abil­ity of le­gal in­for­ma­tion, and bet­ter knowl­edge of the law in the gen­eral pub­lic. There are also plans to im­ple­ment a sys­temic “smart city” project by in­tro­duc­ing in­for­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nolo­gies into the ad­min­is­tra­tion of mu­nic­i­pal ser­vices for the sake of liv­ing con­ve­nient and safe lives. Ma­chine to ma­chine ( M2M) tech­nolo­gies are ex­pected to be in­tro­duced to con­nect re­mote fa­cil­i­ties and sys­tems for the sake of au­tomat­ing business pro­cesses and se­cur­ing a tech­no­log­i­cal po­ten­tial that will ben­e­fit the coun­try. Apart from that, full­scale ef­forts will be ex­er­cised to dig­i­tize archived doc­u­ments, pri­mar­ily in the area of health­care and so­cial ser­vices.

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