Prospects of Nanoelectronics Program
Many global corporations have already realized the great prospects of solid-state electronics. Indeed, this subset of physical electronics underpins progress in radioelectronics, instrument making, medicine and environmental conservation. The Union State of Belarus and Russia also seeks to take advantage of the plenitude of opportunities offered by solid-state electronics. Leading research facilities and companies of Belarus and Russia are working on the program titled ‘’Luch’’. This program is a strategic and logical continuation of the Pramen program. The goal of the new program is to address priority issues in defense and security, information and telecommunications, industrial security and power engineering. With this in mind, Belarusian and Russian scientists are developing uniform technological standards for the production of devices and systems based on nanostructured microwave and optoelectronic technologies using the foundry principle. Industrial production of unified, technologically advanced and affordable devices can help protect the markets of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation from foreign manufacturers and enable domestic producers to enter international markets with cutting-edge, competitive products.
A priority task for the Luch program is to develop technical, technological, manufacturing, and managerial solutions and the necessary legal framework to keep up with developed countries in the field of radioelectronic and optoelectronic instrument making. This will be done within the framework of the common science, information and technology space of the Union State.
In order to reach parity with high-tech nations, it is necessary to develop innovative electronic components that will form the basis for the manufacture of cuttingedge electronic devices for military and civil applications. With the transition to heterostructured electronics, the radioelectronic industry received a strong boost. It is no surprise that Zhores Alferov received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000 for the development of semiconductor heterostructures for high-speed optoelectronics. Scientists discovered that heterostructures have additional properties that can be of great value for instrument making in general and production of semiconductor lasers in particular. These properties are attributed to the fact that heterostructures consist of alternating layers with different chemical composition.
Researchers have gradually started using nanomaterials where quantum effects dominate material properties of devices. Alternating layers in heterostructures have become yet thinner: from several nanometers to several dozen nanometers. The boundaries between the layers have become thinner – down to 0.61.5 nanometers. Such advanced components of nanostructured electronics have become the basis for groundbreaking solutions in the field of electronics. Electronic devices based on nanostructures find a great number of applications. They are used in communications, data transmission, radiolocation, power engineering, environmental management, medicine and other fields.
“In the modern world, nanostructured solid-state electronics determines tactical and technical properties of all radioelectronic devices and systems, first of all, specialpurpose systems,” noted Vitaly Plavsky, Deputy Director for Innovations and Research at the Stepanov Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (NASB Institute of Physics). “This is why nanostructured electronic technologies and special-purpose equipment are practically impossible to import.”
The researcher pointed to the growing application of the new foundry principle in the production of components for microwave and optoelectronic devices. By the way, most transmitter/receiver modules of general-purpose portable cellular communication terminals are manufactured using this principle.