Prospects of Na­no­elec­tron­ics Pro­gram

Economy of Belarus - - UNION STATE -

Many global cor­po­ra­tions have al­ready re­al­ized the great prospects of solid-state elec­tron­ics. In­deed, this sub­set of phys­i­cal elec­tron­ics un­der­pins progress in ra­dio­elec­tron­ics, in­stru­ment mak­ing, medicine and en­vi­ron­men­tal con­ser­va­tion. The Union State of Be­larus and Rus­sia also seeks to take ad­van­tage of the plen­i­tude of op­por­tu­ni­ties of­fered by solid-state elec­tron­ics. Lead­ing re­search fa­cil­i­ties and com­pa­nies of Be­larus and Rus­sia are work­ing on the pro­gram ti­tled ‘’Luch’’. This pro­gram is a strate­gic and log­i­cal con­tin­u­a­tion of the Pra­men pro­gram. The goal of the new pro­gram is to ad­dress pri­or­ity is­sues in de­fense and se­cu­rity, in­for­ma­tion and telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions, in­dus­trial se­cu­rity and power en­gi­neer­ing. With this in mind, Be­laru­sian and Rus­sian sci­en­tists are de­vel­op­ing uni­form tech­no­log­i­cal stan­dards for the pro­duc­tion of de­vices and sys­tems based on nanos­truc­tured microwave and op­to­elec­tronic tech­nolo­gies us­ing the foundry prin­ci­ple. In­dus­trial pro­duc­tion of uni­fied, tech­no­log­i­cally advanced and af­ford­able de­vices can help pro­tect the mar­kets of the Repub­lic of Be­larus and the Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion from for­eign man­u­fac­tur­ers and en­able do­mes­tic producers to en­ter in­ter­na­tional mar­kets with cut­ting-edge, com­pet­i­tive prod­ucts.

A pri­or­ity task for the Luch pro­gram is to de­velop tech­ni­cal, tech­no­log­i­cal, man­u­fac­tur­ing, and man­age­rial so­lu­tions and the nec­es­sary le­gal frame­work to keep up with de­vel­oped coun­tries in the field of ra­dio­elec­tronic and op­to­elec­tronic in­stru­ment mak­ing. This will be done within the frame­work of the com­mon sci­ence, in­for­ma­tion and tech­nol­ogy space of the Union State.

In or­der to reach par­ity with high-tech na­tions, it is nec­es­sary to de­velop in­no­va­tive elec­tronic com­po­nents that will form the ba­sis for the man­u­fac­ture of cut­tingedge elec­tronic de­vices for mil­i­tary and civil ap­pli­ca­tions. With the tran­si­tion to het­erostruc­tured elec­tron­ics, the ra­dio­elec­tronic in­dus­try re­ceived a strong boost. It is no sur­prise that Zhores Alferov re­ceived the No­bel Prize in Physics in 2000 for the de­vel­op­ment of semi­con­duc­tor het­erostruc­tures for high-speed op­to­elec­tron­ics. Sci­en­tists dis­cov­ered that het­erostruc­tures have ad­di­tional prop­er­ties that can be of great value for in­stru­ment mak­ing in gen­eral and pro­duc­tion of semi­con­duc­tor lasers in par­tic­u­lar. These prop­er­ties are at­trib­uted to the fact that het­erostruc­tures con­sist of al­ter­nat­ing lay­ers with dif­fer­ent chem­i­cal com­po­si­tion.

Re­searchers have grad­u­ally started us­ing nano­ma­te­ri­als where quan­tum ef­fects dom­i­nate ma­te­rial prop­er­ties of de­vices. Al­ter­nat­ing lay­ers in het­erostruc­tures have be­come yet thin­ner: from sev­eral nanome­ters to sev­eral dozen nanome­ters. The bound­aries be­tween the lay­ers have be­come thin­ner – down to 0.61.5 nanome­ters. Such advanced com­po­nents of nanos­truc­tured elec­tron­ics have be­come the ba­sis for ground­break­ing so­lu­tions in the field of elec­tron­ics. Elec­tronic de­vices based on nanos­truc­tures find a great num­ber of ap­pli­ca­tions. They are used in com­mu­ni­ca­tions, data trans­mis­sion, ra­di­olo­ca­tion, power en­gi­neer­ing, en­vi­ron­men­tal man­age­ment, medicine and other fields.

“In the mod­ern world, nanos­truc­tured solid-state elec­tron­ics de­ter­mines tac­ti­cal and tech­ni­cal prop­er­ties of all ra­dio­elec­tronic de­vices and sys­tems, first of all, spe­cialpur­pose sys­tems,” noted Vi­taly Plavsky, Deputy Di­rec­tor for In­no­va­tions and Re­search at the Stepanov In­sti­tute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Be­larus (NASB In­sti­tute of Physics). “This is why nanos­truc­tured elec­tronic tech­nolo­gies and spe­cial-pur­pose equip­ment are prac­ti­cally im­pos­si­ble to im­port.”

The re­searcher pointed to the grow­ing ap­pli­ca­tion of the new foundry prin­ci­ple in the pro­duc­tion of com­po­nents for microwave and op­to­elec­tronic de­vices. By the way, most trans­mit­ter/re­ceiver mod­ules of gen­eral-pur­pose portable cel­lu­lar com­mu­ni­ca­tion ter­mi­nals are man­u­fac­tured us­ing this prin­ci­ple.

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