Sharing the benefits of use of meteorological and climatologically information, in the socio-economic development of LDCs in Asia
The three day regional workshop on the world meteorological organization (WMO) on implementation of weather and climate related services in the least developed countries (LDCs) in Asia were concluded on 11th September in the capital.
According to the press release, the main objectives of the workshop was to promote contribution of weather- and climate- related services to the socio-economic development of LDCs, particularly in the priority areas of action of the Istanbul Program of Action (IPoA), including relevant productive capacity sectors; agriculture, food security and rural development, climate change , and disaster brisk reduction.
The workshop also served to share good practices and experiences in beneficial use of meteorological and climatologically information, products and services in the socio-eco- nomic development of LDCs in Asia, states the press release.
The least developed countries represent a special category of countries that are poorest and most vulnerable segment of the international community. The LDCs countries are characterized by extreme poverty and inadequate institutional and productive capacity that limit their resilience to vulnerabilities, the press release states.
The press release further states that, in May 2011, the Fourth United Nations Conference on the LDCs adopted the Istanbul Program of Action for LDCs for the decade 2011-2020 (IPoA) whose overarching goal was to overcome the structural challenges faced by the LDCs in order to eradicate poverty, achieve internationally agreed development goals and enable graduation from the LDC category.
Considering that weather and climate related events and climate change have significant impacts on the socioeconomic development of the LDCs, the WMO and its global network of national meteorological and hydrological services (NMHSs) should have a major role to play in implementing the IPoA through various means including the global framework for climate Services (GFCS), states the press release.
The 16th world meteorological congress in May 2011, decided to continue and enhance the WMO program for the LDCs in order to address the obstacles and constraints limiting NMHSs in LDCs to provide relevant weather and climate information and services, and support the implementation of the IPoA for the decade 2011-2020.
Meanwhile, the climate in Bhutan varies substantially due dramatic variation in its topography and elevation. The Socio-Economic Study on Improved Hydro-Meteorological Services in the Kingdom of Bhutan states that, approximately 70 percent of the precipitation is generated by the monsoons, which appear from early June to late September, and approximately 20 percent of the precipitation falls in the pre- and post –monsoon periods.
The report also states that, Bhutan is susceptible to multiple natural hazards, for instance, earthquake are the most imminent hazards, as evidenced by past seismic events. Another pertinent hazard, especially with regards to climate change, was the impending risk from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs). Moreover, Bhutan is also vulnerable to recurrent and seasonal hazards such as landslides, flash floods and windstorms, fire on human settlement and forest fire.
For the precaution measures and the preventative measure, the report states that the department of Hydro-Met Services (DHMS) in Bhutan was established in December 2011 under the Ministry of Economic Affairs, currently the services provide d by DHMS consist of the provision of historical weather and hydrological data band a 24hours weather forecast which is disseminated through the national TV station and newspaper.
While, all the LDCs countries of Asia shared their countries profile and the recommendation and the preventive measures taken for the natural hazards, for instance, earthquake, landslides, flood windstorms etc.
The opening of the three day regional workshop on the world meteorological organization was graced by Secretary of Ministry of Economic Affairs, Dasho Sonam Tshering and was attended and participants from NMHSs of LDCs in Asia which includes Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Nepal and Yemen and four WMO staff members.