Shar­ing the ben­e­fits of use of me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal and cli­ma­to­log­i­cally in­for­ma­tion, in the so­cio-eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment of LDCs in Asia

Bhutan Times - - Home - Sonam Pen­jor

The three day re­gional work­shop on the world me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal or­ga­ni­za­tion (WMO) on im­ple­men­ta­tion of weather and cli­mate re­lated ser­vices in the least de­vel­oped coun­tries (LDCs) in Asia were con­cluded on 11th Septem­ber in the cap­i­tal.

Ac­cord­ing to the press re­lease, the main ob­jec­tives of the work­shop was to pro­mote con­tri­bu­tion of weather- and cli­mate- re­lated ser­vices to the so­cio-eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment of LDCs, par­tic­u­larly in the pri­or­ity ar­eas of ac­tion of the Istanbul Pro­gram of Ac­tion (IPoA), in­clud­ing rel­e­vant pro­duc­tive ca­pac­ity sec­tors; agri­cul­ture, food se­cu­rity and ru­ral de­vel­op­ment, cli­mate change , and dis­as­ter brisk re­duc­tion.

The work­shop also served to share good prac­tices and ex­pe­ri­ences in ben­e­fi­cial use of me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal and cli­ma­to­log­i­cally in­for­ma­tion, prod­ucts and ser­vices in the so­cio-eco- nomic de­vel­op­ment of LDCs in Asia, states the press re­lease.

The least de­vel­oped coun­tries rep­re­sent a spe­cial cat­e­gory of coun­tries that are poor­est and most vul­ner­a­ble seg­ment of the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity. The LDCs coun­tries are char­ac­ter­ized by ex­treme poverty and in­ad­e­quate in­sti­tu­tional and pro­duc­tive ca­pac­ity that limit their re­silience to vul­ner­a­bil­i­ties, the press re­lease states.

The press re­lease fur­ther states that, in May 2011, the Fourth United Na­tions Con­fer­ence on the LDCs adopted the Istanbul Pro­gram of Ac­tion for LDCs for the decade 2011-2020 (IPoA) whose over­ar­ch­ing goal was to over­come the struc­tural chal­lenges faced by the LDCs in or­der to erad­i­cate poverty, achieve in­ter­na­tion­ally agreed de­vel­op­ment goals and en­able grad­u­a­tion from the LDC cat­e­gory.

Con­sid­er­ing that weather and cli­mate re­lated events and cli­mate change have sig­nif­i­cant im­pacts on the so­cioe­co­nomic de­vel­op­ment of the LDCs, the WMO and its global net­work of na­tional me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal and hy­dro­log­i­cal ser­vices (NMHSs) should have a ma­jor role to play in im­ple­ment­ing the IPoA through var­i­ous means in­clud­ing the global frame­work for cli­mate Ser­vices (GFCS), states the press re­lease.

The 16th world me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal congress in May 2011, de­cided to con­tinue and en­hance the WMO pro­gram for the LDCs in or­der to ad­dress the ob­sta­cles and con­straints lim­it­ing NMHSs in LDCs to pro­vide rel­e­vant weather and cli­mate in­for­ma­tion and ser­vices, and support the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the IPoA for the decade 2011-2020.

Mean­while, the cli­mate in Bhutan varies sub­stan­tially due dra­matic vari­a­tion in its to­pog­ra­phy and el­e­va­tion. The So­cio-Eco­nomic Study on Im­proved Hy­dro-Me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal Ser­vices in the King­dom of Bhutan states that, ap­prox­i­mately 70 per­cent of the pre­cip­i­ta­tion is gen­er­ated by the mon­soons, which ap­pear from early June to late Septem­ber, and ap­prox­i­mately 20 per­cent of the pre­cip­i­ta­tion falls in the pre- and post –mon­soon pe­ri­ods.

The re­port also states that, Bhutan is sus­cep­ti­ble to mul­ti­ple nat­u­ral haz­ards, for in­stance, earth­quake are the most im­mi­nent haz­ards, as ev­i­denced by past seis­mic events. Another per­ti­nent haz­ard, es­pe­cially with re­gards to cli­mate change, was the im­pend­ing risk from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs). More­over, Bhutan is also vul­ner­a­ble to re­cur­rent and sea­sonal haz­ards such as land­slides, flash floods and wind­storms, fire on hu­man set­tle­ment and for­est fire.

For the pre­cau­tion mea­sures and the pre­ven­ta­tive mea­sure, the re­port states that the depart­ment of Hy­dro-Met Ser­vices (DHMS) in Bhutan was es­tab­lished in De­cem­ber 2011 un­der the Min­istry of Eco­nomic Af­fairs, cur­rently the ser­vices pro­vide d by DHMS con­sist of the pro­vi­sion of his­tor­i­cal weather and hy­dro­log­i­cal data band a 24hours weather fore­cast which is dis­sem­i­nated through the na­tional TV sta­tion and news­pa­per.

While, all the LDCs coun­tries of Asia shared their coun­tries pro­file and the rec­om­men­da­tion and the pre­ven­tive mea­sures taken for the nat­u­ral haz­ards, for in­stance, earth­quake, land­slides, flood wind­storms etc.

The open­ing of the three day re­gional work­shop on the world me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal or­ga­ni­za­tion was graced by Sec­re­tary of Min­istry of Eco­nomic Af­fairs, Dasho Sonam Tsh­er­ing and was at­tended and par­tic­i­pants from NMHSs of LDCs in Asia which in­cludes Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cam­bo­dia, Lao Peo­ple’s Demo­cratic Repub­lic, Myan­mar, Nepal and Ye­men and four WMO staff mem­bers.

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