Education sector receives the highest share of the budget
The government spent highest share of their budget to education sectors and it has received a high share of the total fund allocation in almost all the five year plans. In the FY 2013-14, a total budget provision of Nu 5,701.3 million (revised budget) was allocated for the education sector. Of this budget allocation, Nu 5,370.3 million has been has been utilized by the education sector in the financial year 2013- 2014.
Draft annual education statistics 2014 shows the total number of schools in the general education system in Bhutan consists of 333 public primary schools, 12 private primary schools, 86 public lower secondary schools, 1 private lower secondary school, 63 public middle secondary schools, 2 private middle secondary schools, 37 public higher secondary schools, and 17 private higher secondary schools.
In addition, there are 107 extended classrooms (ECRs), and 210 ECCD centers. The total number of teachers as of 2014 is 8,572 which includes 2,533 teachers in primary schools, 1,939 in lower secondary schools, 2,148 in middle secondary schools, 948 in higher secondary schools, 150 in ECRs, and 12 in the Muenselling Institute and 435 teachers in the country , states the annual education statistics 2014.
The draft also states that the total school enrolment for the current academic year is 172,393 which include 47,058 in primary schools, 43,235 in lower secondary schools, 44,207 in middle secondary schools, 34,982 in higher secondary schools, 2,885 in ECRs, and 26 in Muenselling Institute. At the tertiary level, there are 13 tertiary institutes including one private college in the country with a total enrolment of 11,089 students pursuing various degree programs. Under the vocational programs, there are 1,405 trainees pursuing various courses in eight vocational training institutes of the MoLHR and one private training institute.
Adult literacy programs are offered to 8,079 learners with 784 in 774 Non- Formal Education centers across the country.
The draft further states that, additionally, 2,096 students are also pursuing their studies through the continuing education programme in 17 centers.
In 2014, four new schools were opened, seven schools upgraded to higher levels, four schools downgraded to lower levels, 11 extended classrooms closed, and two extended classrooms were re-opened this year.
This year the Net Primary Enrolment Rate (NER) stands at 95 percent, meaning that 95 percent of 6-12 years old are enrolled in the primary education program. This does not include the 6-12 year olds who are enrolled in schools abroad, in the secondary levels, or in the monastic education system, states the draft.
While, this indicator has slightly decreased by 1percent compared
to last year, the adjusted net primary enrolment rate (ANER) has remained similar to last year’s ANER at 98.4 percent. This indicates that Bhutan is very close to achieving the goal of the Universal Primary Education. The slight decline in primary enrolment indicators are mainly explained by the fact that while the enrolment of children in primary education seems to have reached a plateau, the population is projected to increase at a steady rate as per the National Statistical Bureau.
The draft states as of 2014, there are 101,667 primary students (PP-VI) enrolled in 345 primary schools and secondary schools with primary sections, showing a decrease from 104,323 primary students enrolled in 2013. This is in keeping with the declining enrolment trend at the primary levels over the last four years, indicating a possible satura- tion in terms of primary school enrolment.
Similarly, it has been observed that the growth of enrolment at pre-primary (PP), which is the first grade of the primary education, has been on the decline with an average growth rate of - 1.9 percent since 2008.
Enrolment in classes VII to X increased from 40,855 in 2008 to 53,329 in 2014. As of 2014, the gross enrolment ratio (GER) and net enrolment rate (NER) at the basic education level (PP-X) stand at 107percent and 93percent respectively.
The annual growth rate for 2014 at this level (Class VII-X) was recorded at 3.4percent, which is an increase of about 1.9percent compared to 2013.
The transition rate from primary to lower secondary education in 2014 is 99 percent, which indicates that 99 percent of students enrolled in class VI in 2013 are enrolled in class VII. Similarly, 92 percent of the lower secondary (class VIII) students move on to middle secondary level (Class IX), and 75 percent of the middle secondary students transition from class X to class XI at higher secondary level.
Meanwhile, The Annual Education Statistics is based on the data provided by the schools, district education office, and various other agencies and organizations.
Their Majesties grace a luck draw organized for the people of Buli gathered to welcome their Majesties.