Leasing of Tsandro and Sokshing
Sokshing( litter collection ) and Tsamdro ( pasture land ) plays an important role in the life of farmers, The farmers depend largely on Tsamdro for grazing their cattle as more than 70% of our population depends on agriculture for their lively hood. The villagers collect the dead leaves from the Sokshing to feed the fields as manure. With the planting season for potatoes and maize around the corner people will be busy after the New Year celebration.
However with the enactment of the Land Act 2007 by the 87the session of the National Assembly, the ownership of the Tsamdro and Sokshing were taken away by the government as national reserve forest seven years ago. The record of the Tsamdro and Sokshing were deleted from the private land and community land register were converted as government land.
However, the government has not paid compensation to the farmers nor had approved the leasing of the said land. The government would be leasing the Tsamdros based on size of the herd and who are directly dependent on tsamdro may retain their tsamdro rights under lease, irrespective of possession of livestock and their herd size. The leasing period will be for 30 years which can be extended.
With the development of the biological corridors and community forest life for the farmers has become more difficult as the grazing size has reduced putting pressure on the life of the livestock and the food sufficiency. For the nomadic community Tsamdro is the most important thing in their life.
However there seems to be a light at the end of the tunnel as the leasing of Sokshing and the Tsamdro will be carried out by the government. It will be executed according provision of the land act of 2007, seven years after the law was enacted. However proper guidelines must be formulated to lease these lands for the benefit of the common people.
According to the Act, the lease of Tsamdro is eligible to those individual household or community who owns livestock are eligible, while leasing of Tsamdro, the preference will be given to those who hold before and to the communities.
As most of the Tsmadro and the Sokshing are inherited property and everybody has deep sentiments attached to it, it may be better if the issues are resolved at the earliest as the delay is affecting the livelihood of the people who are depending on it.