Leas­ing of Tsan­dro and Sok­sh­ing

Bhutan Times - - Editorial -

Sok­sh­ing( lit­ter col­lec­tion ) and Tsam­dro ( pas­ture land ) plays an im­por­tant role in the life of farm­ers, The farm­ers de­pend largely on Tsam­dro for graz­ing their cat­tle as more than 70% of our pop­u­la­tion de­pends on agri­cul­ture for their lively hood. The vil­lagers col­lect the dead leaves from the Sok­sh­ing to feed the fields as ma­nure. With the plant­ing sea­son for pota­toes and maize around the cor­ner peo­ple will be busy af­ter the New Year cel­e­bra­tion.

How­ever with the en­act­ment of the Land Act 2007 by the 87the ses­sion of the Na­tional As­sem­bly, the own­er­ship of the Tsam­dro and Sok­sh­ing were taken away by the gov­ern­ment as na­tional re­serve for­est seven years ago. The record of the Tsam­dro and Sok­sh­ing were deleted from the pri­vate land and com­mu­nity land reg­is­ter were con­verted as gov­ern­ment land.

How­ever, the gov­ern­ment has not paid com­pen­sa­tion to the farm­ers nor had ap­proved the leas­ing of the said land. The gov­ern­ment would be leas­ing the Tsam­dros based on size of the herd and who are di­rectly de­pen­dent on tsam­dro may re­tain their tsam­dro rights un­der lease, ir­re­spec­tive of pos­ses­sion of live­stock and their herd size. The leas­ing pe­riod will be for 30 years which can be ex­tended.

With the devel­op­ment of the bi­o­log­i­cal cor­ri­dors and com­mu­nity for­est life for the farm­ers has be­come more dif­fi­cult as the graz­ing size has re­duced putting pres­sure on the life of the live­stock and the food suf­fi­ciency. For the no­madic com­mu­nity Tsam­dro is the most im­por­tant thing in their life.

How­ever there seems to be a light at the end of the tun­nel as the leas­ing of Sok­sh­ing and the Tsam­dro will be car­ried out by the gov­ern­ment. It will be ex­e­cuted ac­cord­ing pro­vi­sion of the land act of 2007, seven years af­ter the law was en­acted. How­ever proper guide­lines must be for­mu­lated to lease th­ese lands for the ben­e­fit of the com­mon peo­ple.

Ac­cord­ing to the Act, the lease of Tsam­dro is el­i­gi­ble to those in­di­vid­ual house­hold or com­mu­nity who owns live­stock are el­i­gi­ble, while leas­ing of Tsam­dro, the pref­er­ence will be given to those who hold be­fore and to the com­mu­ni­ties.

As most of the Ts­madro and the Sok­sh­ing are in­her­ited prop­erty and every­body has deep sen­ti­ments at­tached to it, it may be bet­ter if the is­sues are re­solved at the ear­li­est as the de­lay is af­fect­ing the liveli­hood of the peo­ple who are depend­ing on it.

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