WHO calls on the world to “Gear up to End TB”
So far, two diseases have been successfully eradicated, one specifically affecting humans (smallpox), and one affecting a wide range of ruminants (rinderpest) yet another disease tuberculosis, WHO aims to end the global tuberculosis.
As countries will be marked World Tuberculosis Day on March 24, World Health Organization (WHO) is calling for “global solidarity and action” to support a new 20-year strategy, which aims to end the global tuberculosis epidemic.
According to the WHO news release, recent years have seen tremendous progress in the fight against TB, with over 37 million lives saved, but much more needs to be done. In 2013, 9 million people fell ill with TB, almost half a million of whom have a multi-drug resistant disease which is far harder to treat. An estimated 1.5 million people still die of tuberculosis each year.
News release further says that, the disease frequently has devastating economic consequences for affected families, reducing their annual income by an average of 50 percent, and aggravating existing inequalities.
Dr Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General said in the news release that “this is a matter of social justice, fundamental to our goal of universal health coverage. Each and every man, woman or child with TB should have equal, unhindered access to the innovative tools and services they need for rapid diagnosis, treatment and care”.
Meanwhile, WHO’s End TB Strategy, adopted by governments at the World Health Assembly last year, is designed to drive action in three key areas: for instance; integrated patient-centered TB care and prevention for all in need, including children; bold policies and supportive systems; and intensified research and innovation.
Besides that, the strategy also sets ambitious targets of a 95percent reduction in TB deaths and a 90percent reduction in cases of TB by 2035. An important milestone to be reached within the next five years (2020) is the elimination of catastrophic costs for TB patients and their families. Eliminating catastrophic costs is feasible through making care more accessible and through financial protection schemes to minimize medical and non-medical costs as well as income loss, according to the WHO news release.
Moreover, the strategy would also addresses tuberculosis among vulnerable groups, including people living with HIV who develop TB. In 2013 there were an estimated 1.1 million people co-infected with HIV and TB, 360 000 of whom died.
“The progress that has been made in combating TB has been hard won and must be intensified if we are to wipe out the TB epidemic,” says Dr Eric Goosby, who was appointed UN Special Envoy on TB in January this year in the WHO news release. “The End TB Strategy offers new hope to the millions of people suffering and losing their lives to TB each year. It is time to join forces to create a world free of TB” added the Dr Eric.
While, persistent funding gaps in the TB response also need to be filled to drive progress towards ending the global epidemic. It is vital that resource gaps of US$ 2 billion per year for TB interventions and US$ 1.39 billion per year for TB research be filled. Accelerating research and innovation in basic science, new diagnostics, drugs and vaccines and their rapid uptake, will be critical to break the trajectory of the epidemic and reach the global targets.
Dr Mario Raviglione, Director of the WHO Global TB Programme said in the news release that “this World TB Day should serve to alert and mobilize as many people as possible to end the epidemic.” “We must work with innovators in health, development, civil society and the private sector to end the burden of this preventable disease.”