Bhutan has achieved sig­nif­i­cant in­crease in MDG tar­gets

Bhutan Times - - Home - Staff Re­porter

Bhutan has achieved four tar­gets with in­fant and un­der five deaths with re­gard to Mil­len­nium De­vel­op­ment goals (MDG). Un­der – Five mor­tal­ity rates of 1000 per death has dropped from 69 in 2010 to 37.3 in 2012. The over­all in­fant mor­tal­ity has dropped from 47.0 in 2010 to 30.0 in 2012. The pro­por­tion of births at­tended by skilled heath per­son­nel has in­creased from 64.50 to 74.60 dur­ing the same pe­ri­ods. The an­te­na­tal care cov­er­age of at least four visit has in­creased from 7.3 to 81.7 0

How­ever de­spite the progress in im­prov­ing the sur­vival rate of new born child, death rate are still high as 21 out of 1,000 ba­bies born alive die within the first month of birth, in­di­cat­ing that about 67% of in­fant death oc­cur in the first 28 days of the birth.

In Bhutan 30.8% of women aged 15 to 40 years are mar­ried be­fore age 18 and 6.7% be­fore age 15 in­creas­ing the risk of early child bear­ing, poor child out­come and ma­ter­nal heath and loss of op­por­tu­ni­ties.

As per the press re­lease from UNICEF the global com­mu­nity will fail mil­lions of chil­dren if it does not fo­cus on the most dis­ad­van­taged in its new 15- year de­vel­op­ment roadmap.

UNICEF’s fi­nal re­port on the child-re­lated Mil­len­nium De­velop- ment Goals, says that, de­spite sig­nif­i­cant achieve­ments, un­equal op­por­tu­ni­ties have left mil­lion of chil­dren liv­ing in poverty, dy­ing be­fore they turn five, with­out school­ing and suf­fer­ing chronic malnutrition.

“The MDGs helped the world re­al­ize tremen­dous progress for chil­dren- but they also showed us how many chil­dren we are leav­ing be­hind,’’ said UNICEF Ex­ec­u­tive Di­rec­tor An­thony Lake. “The lives and fu­tures of the most dis­ad­van­taged chil­dren mat­ter-not only for their own sake, but for the sake of their fam­i­lies, their com­mu­ni­ties and their so­ci­eties.’’

Dis­par­i­ties within coun­tries have left chil­dren from the poor­est house­holds twice as like- ly to die be­fore their fifth birth­day and far less likely to have min­i­mum read­ing stan­dards than chil­dren from the rich­est house­holds.

The re­port also high­lights the bad news: Progress still eludes the nearly 5.9 mil­lion chil­dren who die ev­ery be­fore fifth birth­day, the 289,000 women who will die ev­ery year while giv­ing birth and the 121 mil­lion chil­dren and ado­les­cents who don’t go to schools.

As world lead­ers pre­pare to adopt the Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Goals, the most dis­ad­van­taged chil­dren should be the heart of the new goals and tar­gets, UNICEF SAID. Bet­ter data col­lec­tion and dis­ag­gre­ga­tion –go­ing be­yond av­er­ages such as those used to mea­sure the MDGs- can help iden­tify the most vul­ner­a­ble and ex­cluded chil­dren and where they live. Stronger lo­cal health, ed­u­ca­tion and so­cial pro­tec­tion sys­tem can help more chil­dren to sur­vive and thrive. And smarter in­vest­ments tai­lored to the needs of the most vul­ner­a­ble chil­dren can yield short and long term ben­e­fits.

“The SDGs presents an op­por­tu­nity t ap­ply the lessons we have learned and reach chil­dren in great­est need- and shame on us if we don’t, Lake said “For greater eq­uity in op­por­tu­nity for to­day’s chil­dren means less in­equity and more global progress to­mor­row.’’

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