Bhutan has achieved significant increase in MDG targets
Bhutan has achieved four targets with infant and under five deaths with regard to Millennium Development goals (MDG). Under – Five mortality rates of 1000 per death has dropped from 69 in 2010 to 37.3 in 2012. The overall infant mortality has dropped from 47.0 in 2010 to 30.0 in 2012. The proportion of births attended by skilled heath personnel has increased from 64.50 to 74.60 during the same periods. The antenatal care coverage of at least four visit has increased from 7.3 to 81.7 0
However despite the progress in improving the survival rate of new born child, death rate are still high as 21 out of 1,000 babies born alive die within the first month of birth, indicating that about 67% of infant death occur in the first 28 days of the birth.
In Bhutan 30.8% of women aged 15 to 40 years are married before age 18 and 6.7% before age 15 increasing the risk of early child bearing, poor child outcome and maternal heath and loss of opportunities.
As per the press release from UNICEF the global community will fail millions of children if it does not focus on the most disadvantaged in its new 15- year development roadmap.
UNICEF’s final report on the child-related Millennium Develop- ment Goals, says that, despite significant achievements, unequal opportunities have left million of children living in poverty, dying before they turn five, without schooling and suffering chronic malnutrition.
“The MDGs helped the world realize tremendous progress for children- but they also showed us how many children we are leaving behind,’’ said UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake. “The lives and futures of the most disadvantaged children matter-not only for their own sake, but for the sake of their families, their communities and their societies.’’
Disparities within countries have left children from the poorest households twice as like- ly to die before their fifth birthday and far less likely to have minimum reading standards than children from the richest households.
The report also highlights the bad news: Progress still eludes the nearly 5.9 million children who die every before fifth birthday, the 289,000 women who will die every year while giving birth and the 121 million children and adolescents who don’t go to schools.
As world leaders prepare to adopt the Sustainable Development Goals, the most disadvantaged children should be the heart of the new goals and targets, UNICEF SAID. Better data collection and disaggregation –going beyond averages such as those used to measure the MDGs- can help identify the most vulnerable and excluded children and where they live. Stronger local health, education and social protection system can help more children to survive and thrive. And smarter investments tailored to the needs of the most vulnerable children can yield short and long term benefits.
“The SDGs presents an opportunity t apply the lessons we have learned and reach children in greatest need- and shame on us if we don’t, Lake said “For greater equity in opportunity for today’s children means less inequity and more global progress tomorrow.’’