Blueprint to guide for the de­vel­op­ment of TVET

Bhutan Times - - Front Page - Sonam Pen­jor

For the long term strate­gic vi­sion that will guide and in­flu­ence re­forms and de­vel­op­ment in the Tech­ni­cal and Vocational Ed­u­ca­tional and Train­ing (TVET) over the next 15 years (20162030), min­istry of labour and hu­man resources has started draft­ing of its blueprint.

The work on the de­vel­op­ment of the TVET blueprint has com­menced in May this year and the doc­u­ment will be pre­sented to Cabi­net in April next year.

“As we face in­creas­ing youth un­em­ploy­ment, the TVET has be­come even more rel­e­vant and vi­tal”, said Ly­onpo Dorji Choden, the min­is­ter for works and hu­man set­tle­ment at the in­au­gu­ra­tion of the Na­tional Con­sul­ta­tion Work­shop- “Ini­tial Di­rec­tions on Tech­ni­cal and Vocational Ed­u­ca­tion and Train­ing (TVET) Blueprint” in Le Meri­dien, Thim­phu last Thurs­day The ob­jec­tive of the work­shop is to seek high-level stake­holder’s views and in­cor­po­rate the views into strate­gic think­ing for the TVET Blueprint. The Depart­ment of Hu­man Resources un­der the min­istry of labour and hu­man resources with tech­ni­cal as­sis­tance from Asian De­vel­op­ment Bank is draft­ing the Bhutan Tech­ni­cal and Vocational Ed­u­ca­tion and Train­ing (TVET) Blueprint. The two day work­shop will com­prise ple­nary ses­sions and group dis­cus­sions with the­matic pre­sen­ta­tions and top­i­cal dis­cus­sions on emerg­ing is­sues/con­cerns re­lated to TVET. Dif­fer­ent ses­sions will cul­mi­nate into a syn­the­sis of pol­icy and im­ple­men­ta­tion di­rec­tions for draft­ing the TVET Blueprint.

“The skilled work forces are the foundation to na­tion build­ing. We need them in masses- plum­bers, elec­tri­cians, car­pen­ters, ma­sons, ma­chine op­er­a­tors, painters, tailors, chefs, etc”. She added.

The min­is­ter added that, the skills train­ing, es­pe­cially con­struc­tions re­lated to plumb­ing and elec­tri­cal are rel­e­vant and there is a great de­mand in the labour mar­ket. “I think it is not about mis­match but of mas­ter­ing the skills, qual­ity and work­man­ship is a huge prob­lem now”.

Ly­onpo cited an ex­am­ple that Ly­onpo have just got her toi­let re­paired by a group of our own na­tional plum­bers from the TVET. Ly­onpo said that the qual­ity, work­man­ship, ap­proach to work and work man­age­ment are all very poor. “There is a great need to im­prove on their train­ing in­clud­ing equip­ping them with right tools and in­stru­ments”.

“The Blueprint will give the MoLHR and our key part­ners in the gov­ern­ment, non-gov­ern­ment agen­cies, in­dus­tries, youth, job­seek­ers and the so­ci­ety at large, there is much needed im­pe­tus to re­de­fine TVET and make it more rel­e­vant to the needs of the econ­omy by im­prov­ing the qual­ity of TVET and achiev­ing ef­fi­ciency in train­ing de­liv­ery”, said the Labour Sec­re­tary Pema Wangda.

He added that, cur­rently, the TVET sec­tor is con­fronted with is­sues like low eco­nomic rel­e­vance and low so­cial sta­tus, so that our young job­seek­ers would rather re­main unemployed than take up tech­ni­cal and vocational train­ing lead­ing to the para­dox­i­cal sit­u­a­tion of ris­ing youth un­em­ploy­ment on one hand and in­creas­ing im­port of skilled for­eign work­ers on the other.

While ev­ery­body agrees that we need to build a crit­i­cal mass of skill work­force to ex­e­cute the de­vel­op­ment ac­tiv­i­ties in the coun­try, we have not been able to give the re­quired at­ten­tion and al­lo­cate resources to TVET that it de­serves, be­cause tech­ni­cal and vocational ed­u­ca­tion and train­ing is an ex­pen­sive af­fair, said the sec­re­tary.

He fur­ther added that, there is a need to ad­dress th­ese ex­ist­ing and emerg­ing is­sues if the TVET needs to con­trib­ute ef­fec­tively to the eco­nomic and so­cial progress. “The min­istry is of the view that a good TVET Blueprint or a Roadmap will be able to ar­tic­u­late a long-term strate­gic vi­sion that will guide and in­flu­ence re­forms and de­vel­op­ment in TVET over the next 15 years”.

Ma­jor re­forms of TVET started in early 2000, and where the achieve­ment made by the pro­gram in­cluded to en­cour­age pri­vate par­tic­i­pa­tion in TVET de­liv­ery through the es­tab­lish­ment reg­u­la­tion; de­vel­op­ment of Bhutan vocational qual­i­fi­ca­tion frame­work (BVQF) in align­ment with the Bhutan Qual­i­fi­ca­tion frame­work. Be­side that it also in­cludes that the de­vel­op­ment of qual­ity as­sur­ance sys­tem (reg­is­tra­tion and ac­cred­i­ta­tion); de­vel­op­ment of na­tional oc­cu­pa­tional skills stan­dard (NOSS), and im­ple­men­ta­tion of com­pe­tency based train­ing (CBT).

The en­tire skilled work force will be rec­og­nized through the na­tional cer­tifi­cates with dif­fer­ent lev­els and they are ex­pected to be highly com­pet­i­tive and at par with the in­ter­na­tional stan­dards.

Mean­while, the min­istry is re­ceiv­ing tech­ni­cal and financial sup­port on the de­vel­op­ment of the TVET blueprint sup­port from the gov­ern­ment of Ja­pan Fund for Poverty Re­duc­tion (JFPR/ADB project).

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