Fe­male un­em­ploy­ment rates in the coun­try are still in rise

Bhutan Times - - Front Page - Sonam Pen­jor

Al­though there is achiev­ing the Royal Gov­ern­ment’s goal of full em­ploy­ment but still there is in­creased in the fe­male youth un­em­ploy­ment rate from 10 per­cent in 2014 to 12.7 per­cent in 2015.

Dur­ing the press con­fer­ence last Wed­nes­day, labour min­istry Ly­onpo Ngeema San­gay Tshempo said that this is a very big con­cern be­cause the fe­male un­em­ploy­ment is in­creas­ing over the year which is con­sid­er­ably in­creas­ing.

Ly­onpo added that fe­male youth un­em­ploy­ment rate is higher com­pared to male youth mainly due to the fact that the fe­male pop­u­la­tion is higher than male and most fe­male job­seek­ers pos­sess ed­u­ca­tion qual­i­fi­ca­tion of class ten and twelve.

Ly­onpo fur­ther added that fe­males are much less mo­bile ge­o­graph­i­cally than males when em­ploy­ment is con­cerned. At the same time, due to mainly fam­ily re­spon­si­bil­i­ties or child rear­ing re­spon­si­bil­i­ties, fe­male tend to choose mostly desk jobs which are scares. That’s way, we see a rise in the fe­male unem- ploy­ment.

To tackle this is­sues, Ly­onpo said that they have sev­eral pro­gram which gear to­wards the re­duc­ing the fe­male un­em­ploy­ment rate. About 70 per­cent of women are given op­por­tu­ni­ties in the em­ploy­ment such as in the hos­pi­tal­ity and in the tourism sec­tor.

Ly­onpo fur­ther added that the women were give more pri­or­i­ties in the sales and ser­vice sec­tors, grad­u­ates skills pro­gram, youth em­ploy­ment scheme, skills for em­ploy­ment and en­trepreneur­ship de­vel­op­ment (SEED) and hor­ti­cul­ture busi­ness and also soap mak­ing mi­cro busi­ness.

Be­sides that over­seas em­ploy­ment pro­gram which is very fa­mous to th­ese days is that about 70 per­cent of ben­e­fi­cia­ries are women.

“En­trepreneur­ship de­vel­op­ment pro­gram we en­cour­age small and mi­cro en­ter­prises (SMEs) to women by pro­vid­ing more loans to cre­ate self em­ploy­ment,” said the Ly­onpo.

Ac­cord­ing to the labour force sur­vey re­ports 2015, it stated that of the to­tal un­em­ployed per­son, 59.9 per­cent con­sti­tuted fe­male and only 40.1 per­cent con­sti­tuted male.

Es­ti­mated the over­all fe­male un­em­ploy­ment rate of 3.1 per­cent whereas the over­all male un­em­ploy­ment rate was es­ti­mated was 1.8 per­cent and the most vul­ner­a­bil­ity group on the un­em­ploy­ment cat­e­gory are the age groups be­tween 15-24 years which are mostly youths, stated the re­port.

Mean­while, min­istry of labour re­leases the 13th Na­tional Labour Force Sur­vey Re­port 2015. Ly­onpo said that the sur­vey was aimed at pro­vid­ing quan­ti­ta­tive in­for­ma­tion for the prepa­ra­tion of plans and pro­grams per­tain­ing to the em­ploy­ment and labour mar­ket.

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