Bird Flu H5N1in Wangkha

Bhutan Times - - Home - Lhakpa Tsh­er­ing

T he out­break of Bird Flu H5N1in lo­cal back­yard poul­try oc­curred and 13 lo­cal poul­try died in a lo­cal farm in Alubari Wangkha, Bjab­cho geog, Chukha.

There are around 3000 poul­try in Wangkha and nearby vil­lages which is at a risk of the dis­ease. The dis­ease was con­firmed through lab­o­ra­tory test us­ing Poly­merase Chain Re­ac­tion from NCAH, Ser­bithang.

Bird Flu is a vi­ral dis­ease which af­fects both hu­man and poul­try pop­u­la­tion caused by Avian In­fluenza A virus.

Bhutan had 10 out­breaks since 2010 and the min­istry had been ef­fec­tively con­tain­ing the dis­ease. Due to ef­fec­tive rapid re­sponse by the Min­istry of Agri­cul­ture and For­est (MoAF) and Min­istry of health and other agen­cies, Bhutan does not have any in­ci­dence of Bird Flu in hu­man be­ings.

With the rapid re­sponse team from dif­fer­ent min­istries and agen­cies for the im­me­di­ate con­tain­ment and re­sponse to Bird Flu out­break, the Na­tional In­ci­dent Com­mand Com­mit­tee, chaired by Sec­re­tary of MoAF has ac­ti­vated the In­ci­dent Op­er­a­tion Cen­tre (IOC) at re­gional live­stock de­vel­op­ment cen­tre at Tsi­masham

Sub­se­quent to the con­fir­ma­tion of the dis­ease through clin­i­cal signs, lab­o­ra­tory tests both in the field through rapid test and at the na­tional lab­o­ra­tory through Poly­merase Chain re­ac­tion on 13th Oc­to­ber 2016, all the lo­cal back­yard poul­try in six farms in the im­me­di­ate vicin­ity of the out­break in­dex farm were culled.

A to­tal of 61 lo­cal poul­try were culled, 46 eggs dis­posed, 11 poul­try coops dis­man­tled and burnt in the out­break area as of 16 Oc­to­ber.

Some of the ac­tions taken com­prises of pre­sump­tive culling of poul­try, dis­in­fec­tion of in­fected ar­eas, setup of ve­hi­cle dis­in­fec­tion point at Wangkha, ac­tive sur­veil­lance in Chukha dzongkhag and aware­ness to the pub­lic.

Na­tional In­ci­dent Com­mand Com­mit­tee (IOC) states that “Pub­lic should not panic.” The pub­lic is also ad­vised to take pre­cau­tions like wash­ing of hands af­ter han­dling poul­try, chicken and eggs with soap and wa­ter.

The dis­ease has huge risk of spread through move­ment of live and in­fected poul­try in­clud­ing eggs and through ve­hi­cle. All the ve­hi­cles ply­ing out of the de­mar­cated in­fected or restricted zone are thor­oughly in­fected be­fore en­ter­ing the main Thim­phuPhuentshol­ing high­way at Wangkha.

Poul­try farm­ers are also cau­tioned to take ut­most high bio-se­cu­rity of the farm and should not al­low any vis­i­tors into the farms with­out proper safety mea­sures.

The Min­istry also re­quests the rel­e­vant agen­cies and the pub­lic of Chukha dzongkhag to pro­vide full sup­port to the Bird Flu con­tain­ment and re­sponse team in Chukha in or­der to de­clare the area free of the dis­ease.

The re­sponse to the Bird Flu for the con­trol is done jointly by Depart­ment of Live­stock, Chukha Dzongkhag Live­stock Sec­tor, Depart­ment of Pub­lic Health, Royal Bhutan Po­lice, Bhutan Agri­cul­ture and Food Reg­u­la­tory Au­thor­ity and the Re­gional Live­stock De­vel­op­ment Cen­tre Tsi­masham and lo­cal au­thor­i­ties, Chukha.

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