Bhutan at the ad­vanced stage to rat­ify Paris Agree­ment

Bhutan Times - - Home - Sonam Wangmo

The United Na­tions Con­fer­ence on Cli­mate Change was held in Mar­rakech, Morocco, from 7th to 18th Novem­ber 2016. The Mar­rakech Con­fer­ence com­prises of the 22nd Con­fer­ence of Par­ties of the UNFCCC (COP 22), 12th Meet­ing of Par­ties to the Ky­oto Pro­to­col (CMP12) and the first Meet­ing of the Par­ties to the Paris Agree­ment (CMAI).

The Bhutanese del­e­ga­tion com­prises of­fi­cials of rel­e­vant agen­cies led by Sec­re­tary of National En­vi­ron­men­tal Com­mis­sion (NEC) Chen­cho Norbu. At the con­fer­ence, the del­e­ga­tion was in­volved in the negotiations to draft the ‘rule­book’ for im­ple­men­ta­tion of the Paris Agree­ment.

In Mar­rakech, Bhutan joined other par­ties in wel­com­ing the early en­try into force of the Paris Agree­ment and called for early ac­tion to re­al­ize its im­ple­men­ta­tion.

Speak­ing at the high level seg­ment of the con­fer­ence, Chen­cho Norbu, Sec­re­tary of NEC said that Bhutan is in ad­vanced stage of rat­i­fy­ing the Paris Agree­ment and that the National Assem­bly is de­lib­er­at­ing the agree­ment at its on-go­ing win­ter ses­sion.

The Sec­re­tary stated that the con­fer­ence in Mar­rakech is on “Ac­tion”, and stressed the im­por­tance of putting in place the rules for im­ple­men­ta­tion and ac­tion that is backed up by a ro­bust sys­tem for trans­parency, sup­port and ac­tion. He high­lighted the need for clear guid­ance for mov­ing for­ward on the Na­tion­ally De­ter­mined Con­tri­bu­tions ( NDCs) for mit­i­ga­tion ac­tion, and for the adap­ta­tion com­mu­ni­ca­tions to con­vey our pri­or­i­ties and needs for ad­dress­ing im­pacts of cli­mate change.

The Sec­re­tary high- lighted Bhutan’s cau­tious ap­proach to sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment, and said that over 70 % of the land is un­der for­est cover for the well­be­ing of the lo­cal and global com­mu­nity. He in­formed that Bhutan is car­bon neg­a­tive and re­it­er­ated it’s com­mit­ted to a car­bon neu­tral growth.

As a small, land­locked and moun­tain­ous coun­try, the Sec­re­tary un­der­lined Bhutan’s vul­ner­a­bil­ity to the ad­verse ef­fects of cli­mate change. He said that the glaciers are re­ced­ing rapidly, and fre­quent ex­treme weather events are hit­ting hard on our ru­ral com­mu­ni­ties, food and wa­ter sec­tors in par­tic­u­lar.

Chen­cho Norbu said that Bhutan has iden­ti­fied adap­ta­tion pri­or­i­ties in­clud­ing mit­i­ga­tion mea­sures in its In­tended Na­tion­ally De­ter­mined Con­tri­bu­tion (INDC) of 2015, and is com­mit­ted to im­ple­ment th­ese ac­tions. In do­ing so, the sup­port from the global com­mu­nity will be crit­i­cal to suc­ceed.

Look­ing for­ward, the Sec­re­tary stated that cli­mate change is hap­pen­ing and the most vul­ner­a­ble and poor­est across all coun­tries are be­ing hit the hard­est. He urged all par­ties to dou­ble ef­forts to main­tain the mo­men­tum for ac­tion at all lev­els in keep­ing with the spirit of the Paris agree­ment.

The Mar­rakech con­fer­ence is the first high-level meet­ing of par­ties af­ter the en­try into force of the Paris Agree­ment and is ex­pected to pro­duce the roadmap and work-plan for com­plet­ing de­tails and rules for op­er­a­tional­iz­ing the Paris Agree­ment by 2018

On the side­lines of COP22, the del­e­ga­tion held meet­ings mul­ti­lat­eral agen­cies namely the United Na­tions De­vel­op­ment Pro­gramme (UNDP), Global En­vi­ron­ment Fa­cil­ity (GEF), United Na­tions En­vi­ron­ment Pro­gramme (UNEP), Adap­ta­tion Fund and Green Tech­nol­ogy Cen­tre (GTC) of the Repub­lic of Korea.

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