Exposure to chemicals, growing concerns
Thirty-five percent of overall diseases burdened were caused by exposure to chemicals according to World Health Organization.
The rapid industrial and commercial accompanied by enhanced trade across the country result the chemical being imported into the country.
Exposure to chemicals occurs mostly in work places as well as through food, water and air from environment and chemical containing products, not only in the industries.
Benzene is one of the chemical contained in daily used materials. It is a colorless, flammable liquid with a sweet odor.
Benzene can be absorbed through the skin during contact with a source like gasoline, fumes, automobile exhaust, and waste water from industries.
Cigarette smoking and secondhand smoke are the major source of exposure to benzene.
According to Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM), the petrol contains four percent of benzene.
People spending more time indoors such as children, women and elderly are likely to have higher exposure to benzene.
Long term exposure to benzene harms the bone marrows which will results to get anemia. Inflammation of eye, skin irritation, vomiting, and irritation of stomach, dizziness and increasing the heart rate are few of symptoms of illness caused by exposure to benzene.
According to the health, the children and pregnant women are more venerable to exposure to huge amount of both natural and man-made origin of chemicals.
Discouraging indoors use of gasoline heating and avoiding smoking inside buildings and in closed room are the few of ways to reduce the exposure to benzene.
Implementation of legislation, focusing on environment and proper sanitation are few measures to bring down the carcinogen.
To reduce the number of deaths and illness from hazardous of chemical contaminating to air, water and soil pollution is one of the focuses of projects with SDG goals of 2030.
Food, water and air from environment and chemical contemning products should properly manage.
Chemicals are useful in many ways contributing the improvement of quality of life, health and well-being.
As per the Food and Agriculture Organization ( FAO) report on the program on prevention and on disposal of obsolete pesticides , Bhutan has a success story as pesticides stocks in Bhutan was identified in 1990. The 50% of the obsolete pesticides stock, which amounted to 34 MT was re-packaged by the Danish hazardous specialist as per the international requirements and stored under UN approved containers. The other disposal operation funded by the Swiss Development Cooperation ended in 2006.
As the import of pesticides has health hazards and disposal of obsolete pesticides incurred huge expense, going organic and reducing in the import of pesticides will improve the health of our people in the long run.