Bhutanese hap­pier, GNH sur­vey shows

Bhutan Times - - Front Page - Rinzin Lhamo

T he hap­pi­ness of the Bhutanese peo­ple in­creased from 2010 to 2015, ac­cord­ing to the pro­vi­sional find­ings of 2015 GNH sur­vey.

The GNH in­dex saw an in­crease by 1.7 per­cent, from 0.743 in 2010 to 0.756 in 2015.

The GNH in­dex iden­ti­fies a per­son as happy if he or she achieves suf­fi­ciency in 66 per­cent of the do­mains of GNH.

The per­cent­age of pop­u­la­tion cat­e­go­rized as deeply happy – those who en­joy suf­fi­ciency be­tween 77 per­cent and 100 per­cent – has in­creased from 8.3 in 2010 to 8.4 in 2015. And the good change is that the per­cent­age of peo­ple who iden­ti­fied them­selves as un­happy in 2010 (10.4) has de­creased to 8.8 per­cent in 2015.

Tshoki Zangmo, an of­fi­cial from CBS said that GNH can­not be mea­sured or de­fined by a sim­ple ques­tion of how peo­ple feel. If it is the case than the hap­pi­ness of peo­ple will change fre­quently as they ex­pe­ri­ence dif­fer­ent cir­cum­stances, she added.

The find­ings also show that dzongkhags like Sam­drup Jongkhar, Bumthang, Lhuntse and Pema Gat­shel had a sig­nif­i­cant in­crease in hap­pi­ness.

In terms of GNH in­dex by area, the hap­pi­ness per­cent­age of peo­ple liv­ing in ur­ban ar­eas has in­creased. The liv­ing stan­dard has also im­proved in ur­ban ar­eas.

How­ever, com­mu­nity vi­tal­ity has weak­ened in these ar­eas.

Forty-three per­cent of the Bhutanese peo­ple be­long to ei­ther the ex­ten­sively happy or deeply happy group.

Healthy days for the peo­ple have im­proved greatly, with more than 10 per­cent of the pop­u­la­tion ex­pe­ri­enc­ing im­prove­ments.

The re­port also states that there were sta­tis­ti­cally sig­nif­i­cant changes in 26 in­di­ca­tors from 33 GNH in­di­ca­tors.

The 12 in­di­ca­tors saw sig­nif­i­cantly bet­ter changes, while 14 in­di­ca­tors gave neg­a­tive re­sults. At the same time, seven in­di­ca­tors re­mained the same.

From the nine do­mains, no­tice­able changes oc­curred in com­mu­nity vi­tal­ity and health.

The per­cent­age con­tri­bu­tion of the com­mu­nity vi­tal­ity do­main has de­creased from 12.40 per­cent in 2010 to 11.56 per­cent in 2015.

How­ever, health con­tri­bu­tion has im­proved from 12.88 per­cent to 1.21 per­cent.

Some of the in­di­ca­tors that did not show any change be­tween 2010 and 2015 are dis­abil­ity, work, school­ing, knowl­edge, ar­ti­san skills and abil­ity to speak the na­tive lan­guage and ur­ban­iza­tion is­sues.

Da­gana and Sarpang dzongkhags saw a rel­a­tive change in GNH in­dex.

The high­est sig­nif­i­cant change was seen in Sam­drup Jongkhar where hap­pi­ness in­creased by 13 per­cent and least was seen in Da­gana dzongkhag which saw a de­crease in GNH in­dex by nine per­cent.

The 2015 GNH in­dex value is 0.756 com­pared to 2010 GNH in­dex of 0.743 per­cent.

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