Let's prevent it
It was just a few days back a 13 year old boy committed suicide in Thimphu. It was such a disturbing news as this case involves the youngest minor committing suicide. More than 15 cases of suicide have already been reported so far this year.
Today we celebrate the World Suicide Prevention Day with theme “Take a minute, change a life”. Every year, more than 800,000 people die by suicide and up to 25 times as many make a suicide attempt. Behind these statistics are the individual stories of those who have, for many different reasons, questioned the value of their own lives.
Each one of these individuals is part of a community. Some may be well linked in to this community, and have a network of family, friends and work colleagues or school mates. Others may be less well connected, and some may be quite isolated. Regardless of the circumstances, communities have an important role to play in supporting those who are vulnerable.
People who have lived through a suicide attempt have much to teach us about how the words and actions of others are important. They often talk movingly about reaching the point where they could see no alternative but to take their own life, and about the days, hours and minutes leading up to this.
In Bhutan, suicide death rank among the top six leading causes of death after alcoholic liver diseases, other circulatory diseases, and deaths due to road traffic accident. In a five years review of suicide cases from 2009- 2013 in Bhutan according to the suicide study, 2014; a total of 361 suicide death were documented by Royal Bhutan Police. This is an average of 73 suicide cases in a year or six suicide deaths in a month. Suicide deaths have been reported in all parts of Bhutan with few districts having higher burden as compared to others.
Most suicide deaths ( 88%) have occurred in rural areas, among married people ( 66%) and those with less education. In 2016, the National Suicide Registry has recorded 92 cases which show drastic increase of suicide within 2 years from 73 cases in 2014.
Mental illness like psychosis, depression, anxiety is the key suicide risk factors. Suicide is now recognized as a social issue and policies to address suicide prevention has been main – streamed into the sect oral programmes.
As we are all aware that each suicide is a tragic loss of life and it is not the way of handling any problems in life. In order to prevent suicide we must think every life is precious and help to prevent it in all possible ways.