Waste management a rising is issue
With the great advancement in the socio economic activities, it has change the consumption pattern across the population. Due to this it has resulted increase in waste and becoming a concerning issue.
Part of the reason contributing to waste management problem is lack of civic responsibilities and lack of self awareness. It is not uncommon to see ugly sight of garbage dumped on the road side, solid waste thrown away at river banks, and landfills amassed with huge amount of rubbish.
The Waste Prevention and Management Regulation, 2012, which came into effect on 18 April 2012 in Bhutan is a comprehensive regulation for the waste minimization and management. It establishes various agencies and monitoring authorities for the effective implementation of this regulation, and is applied to all point sources and point of origin of different types of waste and their management.
National Environment Commission ( NEC) is the apex monitoring body under this regulation which shall coordinate and monitor the overall performance of implementing Agencies designated to efficiently implement the provisions of this Regulation. And the Royal Bhutan Police shall assist the implementing agencies in achieving full compliance.
In Bhutan its not a new things to see ugly sight of garbage throw on the roadside, at river banks, and landfills amassed with huge amount of rubbish. Its is becoming more difficulties for municipalities to manage waste in efficient manner. Material that come from sources like: Household, business and commercial establishment and industrial sites. Biomedical waste comes from source like hospital and clinics.
Talking to BT the Environment Officer with Thimphu Thromde Phub Tshering said that the challenges in waste management are of two types. One is with illegal dumping of waste, despite increasing the frequency of waste collection after outsourcing the Thromde still finds people dumping the wastes in nook and corner of the city as it could be due to wrong timing of collection as the resident may be engaged in other activities.
The other is the noncooperation in segregation and disposal of the waste where the segregation of waste is being initiated in the Thromde but still few residents are still non- cooperative.
“We have asked the resident to segregation the waste into DRY and WET and bring along both the waste. When our handy boys and drivers refuse to take, these people resort to quarrel and other things.” He added.
In order to overcome these challenges the Thimphu Thormde had piloted evening services since there has been lots of complaints related to collection timing.
“We have piloted evening services at Changjiji colony and Olakha area. A similar case has been done in Northern parts of the city too.”
The other initiative is the CCTV surveillance where the Thromde had installed some CCTV in strategic locations to monitor the area for illegal dumping. Since these CCTV are wireless it can be shifted to other areas as and when required.
Waste disposal is an emerging problem in almost all the urban towns in Bhutan. The increase in waste generation can be primarily attributed to factors such as rapid rates of urbanization; rural- urban migration. While the magnitude of the problem is relatively small and manageable in rural areas.
But slowly as increase in consumption even the rural area are not far behind. While there are comparatively more facilities and even data concerning urban waste management issues, there are less number of agencies and peoples concerned about rural waste management issue or even working on it.
This is when rural waste management is becoming a nationwide issue with plastic and junks finding its way not only into villages but also water sources, sacred sites and until recently our precious forest.