With the great advancement in the socio economic developments, there has been a change in the consumption pattern across the population. Due to this it has resulted increase in waste and managing waste is a concerning issue.
The main reason contributing to waste management problem is lack of civic sense and lack of self awareness. It is not uncommon to see ugly sight of garbage dumped on the road side, solid waste thrown away at river banks, and landfills amassed with huge amount of rubbish.
The Waste Prevention and Management Regulation, 2012, is a comprehensive regulation for the waste minimization and management. It establishes various agencies and monitoring authorities for the effective implementation of this regulation, and is applied to all point sources and point of origin of different types of waste and their management.
The National Environment Commission is the apex monitoring body under this regulation which shall coordinate and monitor the overall performance of implementing agencies designated to efficiently implement the provisions of this regulations.
In Bhutan it’s not a new thing to see ugly sight of garbage throw on the roadside, at river banks, and landfills amassed with huge amount of rubbish. It is becoming more difficulties for municipalities to manage waste in efficient manner.
The municipali- ties’ faces two types of challenges in waste management. One is with illegal dumping of waste, despite increasing the frequency of waste collection after outsourcing the municipalities still finds people dumping the wastes in nook and corner of the city as it could be due to wrong timing of collection as the resident may be engaged in other activities.
The other is the noncooperation in segregation and disposal of the waste where the segregation of waste is being initiated in the municipalities but only few residents are cooperative.
Waste disposal is an emerging problem in almost all the urban towns in Bhutan. The increase in waste generation can be primarily attributed to factors such as rapid rates of urbanization; ruralurban migration.
But slowly as increase in consumption even the rural area are not far behind. While there are comparatively more facilities and even data concerning urban waste management issues, there are less number of agencies and peoples concerned about rural waste management issue or even working on it.
This is when rural waste management is becoming a nationwide issue with waste finding its way not only into villages but also water sources, sacred sites and even our precious forest.
For now it is the responsibility of each and every citizen to take care of their own waste and keep our country neat and clean.