Man­ag­ing waste

Bhutan Times - - Editorial -

With the great ad­vance­ment in the so­cio eco­nomic de­vel­op­ments, there has been a change in the con­sump­tion pat­tern across the pop­u­la­tion. Due to this it has re­sulted in­crease in waste and man­ag­ing waste is a con­cern­ing is­sue.

The main rea­son con­tribut­ing to waste man­age­ment prob­lem is lack of civic sense and lack of self aware­ness. It is not un­com­mon to see ugly sight of garbage dumped on the road side, solid waste thrown away at river banks, and land­fills amassed with huge amount of rub­bish.

The Waste Pre­ven­tion and Man­age­ment Reg­u­la­tion, 2012, is a com­pre­hen­sive reg­u­la­tion for the waste min­i­miza­tion and man­age­ment. It es­tab­lishes var­i­ous agen­cies and mon­i­tor­ing au­thor­i­ties for the ef­fec­tive im­ple­men­ta­tion of this reg­u­la­tion, and is ap­plied to all point sources and point of ori­gin of dif­fer­ent types of waste and their man­age­ment.

The Na­tional En­vi­ron­ment Com­mis­sion is the apex mon­i­tor­ing body un­der this reg­u­la­tion which shall co­or­di­nate and mon­i­tor the over­all per­for­mance of im­ple­ment­ing agen­cies des­ig­nated to ef­fi­ciently im­ple­ment the pro­vi­sions of this reg­u­la­tions.

In Bhutan it’s not a new thing to see ugly sight of garbage throw on the road­side, at river banks, and land­fills amassed with huge amount of rub­bish. It is be­com­ing more dif­fi­cul­ties for mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties to man­age waste in ef­fi­cient man­ner.

The mu­nic­i­pali- ties’ faces two types of chal­lenges in waste man­age­ment. One is with il­le­gal dump­ing of waste, de­spite in­creas­ing the fre­quency of waste col­lec­tion af­ter out­sourc­ing the mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties still finds peo­ple dump­ing the wastes in nook and cor­ner of the city as it could be due to wrong tim­ing of col­lec­tion as the res­i­dent may be en­gaged in other ac­tiv­i­ties.

The other is the non­co­op­er­a­tion in seg­re­ga­tion and dis­posal of the waste where the seg­re­ga­tion of waste is be­ing ini­ti­ated in the mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties but only few res­i­dents are co­op­er­a­tive.

Waste dis­posal is an emerg­ing prob­lem in al­most all the ur­ban towns in Bhutan. The in­crease in waste gen­er­a­tion can be pri­mar­ily at­trib­uted to fac­tors such as rapid rates of ur­ban­iza­tion; ru­ralur­ban mi­gra­tion.

But slowly as in­crease in con­sump­tion even the rural area are not far be­hind. While there are com­par­a­tively more fa­cil­i­ties and even data con­cern­ing ur­ban waste man­age­ment is­sues, there are less num­ber of agen­cies and peo­ples con­cerned about rural waste man­age­ment is­sue or even work­ing on it.

This is when rural waste man­age­ment is be­com­ing a na­tion­wide is­sue with waste find­ing its way not only into vil­lages but also wa­ter sources, sa­cred sites and even our pre­cious for­est.

For now it is the re­spon­si­bil­ity of each and ev­ery cit­i­zen to take care of their own waste and keep our coun­try neat and clean.

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