Re­duc­ing emis­sion from mo­tor ve­hi­cles

Bhutan Times - - Front Page - Bhuma Ghal­ley

Be­fore sub­mit­ting to the Na­tional En­vi­ron­ment Com­mis­sion of Bhutan (NEC) for im­ple­men­ta­tion, to re­view and fi­nal­ize the draft doc­u­ments, the ex­ec­u­tive level na­tional con­sul­ta­tion meet­ing on ‘Re­duc­ing emis­sion from mo­tor ve­hi­cles in Bhutan’ was or­ga­nized by Na­tional en­vi­ron­ment com­mis­sion sec­re­tar­iat last Thurs­day in the cap­i­tal.

The sec­re­tar­iat’s ve­hi­cle emis­sion roadmap for cleaner air and strat­egy for low car­bon ve­hi­cles seek to re­duce green­house emis­sion from mo­tor ve­hi­cles through mea­sures.

The press re­lease from the NEC stated that the draft ve­hi­cle emis­sion roadmap for cleaner air pro­pose mea­sure re­lated to need for im­proved fuel stan­dards; en­hanc­ing ex­ist­ing ve­hi­cle emis­sion stan­dard, im­prov­ing ve­hi­cle emis­sion stan­dard en­force­ment and re­strict­ing fu­ture im­port of diesel pow­ered cars and light ve­hi­cles of less than 3.5 tons.

“This roadmap for ve­hi­cle emis­sion is de­vel­oped to ad­dress in­creas­ing lo­cal air pol­lu­tion prob­lems con­trib­uted by rapidly grow­ing ve­hi­cle num­bers in Bhutan,” stated the press re­lease.

The press re­lease fur­ther stated that, the draft low car­bon ve­hi­cle (LCV) strat­egy fo­cuses on the com­mer­cial ve­hi­cle seg­ment com­pris­ing of taxis, pub­lic trans­port buses and ur­ban trucks, since this seg­ment shows the most po­ten­tial for de­ploy­ment of low car­bon ve­hi­cles and im­pact. The strat­egy pro­poses rec­om­men­da­tions to pro­mote zero and low emis­sion ve­hi­cles such as taxis, buses and ur­ban trucks through var­i­ous pol­icy, fis­cal and tap into in­ter­na­tional cli­mate fi­nance.

This low car­bon vehi- cle strat­egy will di­rectly sup­port ac­tion to­wards re­main­ing car­bon neu­tral as iden­ti­fied in the na­tion­ally de­ter­mined con­tri­bu­tion from Bhutan un­der the Paris Agree­ment. “Trans­port sec­tor is iden­ti­fied as one of the ma­jor sec­tor con­tribut­ing to grow­ing Green House Gas emis­sion in Bhutan,” stated the press re­lease.

The press re­lease fur­ther stated that these doc­u­ments have been pre­pared by NECS in close col­lab­o­ra­tion with Min­istry of In­for­ma­tion and Com­mu­ni­ca­tion and Road Safety and Trans­port Au­thor­ity over the pe­riod of last one year.

The process of de­vel­op­ing these doc­u­ments has in­cluded train­ing of mo­tor ve­hi­cle in­spec­tors, tech­ni­cal train­ing in­sti­tute (TTI) in­struc­tors, traf­fic po­lice and pri­vate emis­sion test­ing cen­tre; se­ries of con­sul­ta­tion with all stake­hold­ers in­clud­ing gov­ern­ment agen­cies, mo­tor ve­hi­cle deal­ers and work­shop own­ers.

Mean­while, the vi­sion of roadmap is to main­tain a pris­tine en­vi­ron­ment with clean air and with min­i­mum emis­sions from the trans­port sec­tor. Trans­port shall re­duce sig­nif­i­cantly its en­vi­ron­men­tal foot­print.

Mea­sure taken shall be eco­nom­i­cally ef­fi­cient, so­cially fair and nondis­crim­i­na­tory fol­low­ing the pol­luter-pays-prin­ci­ple. And ve­hi­cle emis­sion tar­gets of roadmap on av­er­age an­nual emis­sion of all air pol­lu­tants are by 2025 be­low WHO guide­line lev­els.

While, the project was sup­ported by the Asian de­vel­op­ment bank un­der the ac­tion on cli­mate change in South Asia.

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