Lets prevent it
Human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). During the initial infection a person may experience a brief period of influenzalike illness.
This is typically followed by a prolonged period without symptoms. As the illness progresses it interferes more and more with the immune system, making people much more likely to get infections, including opportunistic infections, and tumors that do not usually affect people with working immune system.
Genetic research indicates that HIV originated in west-central Africa during the early twentieth century. AIDS was first recognized by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1981 and its cause, HIV infection was identified in the early part of the 20th century.
The South-East Asia region of WHO has the second highest number of people living with HIV with an estimated 3.5 million, out of which nearly 1.6 million antiretroviral therapy (ART). All countries in the South-East Asia Region have adopted the WHO TREAT ALL recommendations and this is likely to lead to a significant increase in the number of people receiving free antiretroviral therapy in the region.
Every year December 1 is celebrated as World Aids Day, and this year theme for the event was “Everybody Counts”.
HIV is transmitted by three main routes: sexual contact, exposure to infected body fluids or tissues ad from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding.
HIV/AIDS has a great impact on society, both as an illness and as a source of discrimination. The disease also has large economic impacts. There are many misconceptions about HIV/AIDS such as the belief that it can be transmitted by casual non-sexual contact. It has attracted international medical and political attention as well as largescale funding since it was identified in the 1980s.
The WHO and United States recommends antiretroviral therapy (ART) in people of all ages including pregnant women as soon as the diagnosed.
Treatment recommendations for children are somewhat different from those for adults. The World Health Organization recommends treating all children less than 5 years of age; children above 5 are treated like adults.
The WHO has issued recommendations regarding nutrient requirements in HIV/AIDS. A generally healthy diet is promoted.
AIDS stigma exists around the world in a variety of ways, including rejection, discrimination and avoidance of HIV infected people. Stigma-related violence or the fear of violence prevents many people from seeking HIV testing.
As Bhutan already has more than 500 people living with HIV/AIDS we must strive to provide all help possible for the infected ones and prevent the spread of virus in all ways possible.